From (etyl) .
Any of many plants with thorny stems growing in dense clusters, such as many in the Rosa, Rubus'', and ''Smilax genera.
, a thorny Mediterranean shrub.
A pipe for smoking, made from the roots of that shrub.
(figurative) Anything sharp or unpleasant to the feelings.
* (rfdate) (Cowper)
- The thorns and briers of reproof.
From (etyl) , assimilated with Etymology 1, above.
The white heath, .
A pipe made from the root of this plant.
* zareba (particularly in figurative uses)
* seriba, sariba
* zereba, zareeba, zerriba
A fence, particularly those once commonly improvised in northeastern Africa from thornbushes.
* 1849 , O'Reilly translating Werne, Exped. Sources White Nile , II 112:
* 1895 , A. H. Keane translating W. Junker, Trav. in Afr. , I v 245:
- A shining seriba of reeds, the stalks of which ... perhaps only afford resistance to tame animals.
(label) An improvised stockade, particularly those similarly located and constructed.
* 1884 Mar. 11, Times , 5:
- The expression ‘'zeriba country ’ applied by some geographers to the northern slope of the Nile–Congo divide.
(label) A camp of troops employing such an enclosure.
* 1887''' Apr. 9, ''Times , 5:
- The Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) advanced this morning to Baker Pasha's zariba .
(label) Any wild and barbed barrier, evocative of a briar or thorn patch.
* 1910 , :
- ...Forming a zariba , or square, to resist cavalry.
* 1961 , P. G. Wodehouse, Ice in Bedroom , vii. 52:
- Once you had passed the initial zareba of fruit stands, souvenir stands, ice-cream stands, and the lair of the enthusiast whose aim in life it was to sell you picture post-cards, and had won through to the long walk where the seats were, you were practically alone with Nature.
- Owing to his obiter dicta having to be filtered through a zareba of white hair, it was not always easy to catch exactly what Mr. Cornelius said.
To erect or take refuge within a zereba.
* 1885 July, 19th Cent. , 89:
* 1911 , "Somaliland" in the Encyclopædia Britannica 11th ed., Vol. 25:
- The Brigadier ordered the force to zereba on the best position that was near.
- On the 2nd of June a small force, zeribaed under Captain Malcolm McNeill, was attacked by the mullah's followers but repulsed after desperate fighting.