Caprara. The Pope wears the pallium.
From (etyl) pope, popa, from (etyl) .
An honorary title of the Roman Catholic bishop of Rome as father and head of his church.
* ante'' 950 , translating (Bede)'s ''(Ecclesiastical History) (Tanner), iv. i. 252
* 1959 August 19 , (w, Flannery O'Connor), letter in Habit of Being (1980), 347
- Þa]] tid [[Vitalius, Uitalius papa þæs apostolican seðles aldorbiscop.
* 2007 May 5, Ted Koppel (guest), Wait, Wait... Don’t tell me! , National Public Radio
- The Pope is not going to issue a bull condemning the Spanish Church's support of France and destroy the Church's right to exist in Spain.
# Any similarly absolute and 'infallible' authority.
#* 1689 , G. Bulkeley, People's Right to Election'' in ''Andros Tracts (1869), II. 106
- I really did want to interview the pope'. Any ' pope . I'm not particular.
#* 1893 January 19 , Nation (N.Y.), 46/3
- We often say, that every man has a pope in his belly.
#* 1972 June 2 , Science , 966/2
- ... accepted him [Dante Gabriel Rossetti] as the infallible Pope of Art.
#* 1978 , Atlas World Press Review , volume 25, page 19:
- Both [discoveries] were rejected offhand by the popes of the field.
# (by extension) Any similar head of a religion.
#* (John Mandeville), Travels (Titus C.xvi, 1919), 205
- Above all, the SED reformers cite the progress inherent in the emancipation of Westem Communist parties from the "red popes in the Kremlin."
#* 1787 , A. Hawkins translating Vincent Mignot as The history of the Turkish, or Ottoman Empire , IV.
- In þat]] yle dwelleth the Pope of hire lawe, [[they, þei clepen lobassy.
#* 2005 April 6 , Kansas City Star , b7
- Mufti , the Mahometan pope or chief of the religion.
# (uncommon) A theocrat, a priest-king, including (at first especially) over the imaginary land of (Prester John) or (now) in figurative and alliterative uses.
#* ante'' 1500 , (John Mandeville), ''Travels (Rawl., 1953), 103
- Although Islam has no formal hierarchy of clergy, Tantawy [Egypt's grand imam] often is called the Muslim pope .
#* 1993 December , Vanity Fair (N.Y.), 62/1
- Eche]] day there etyn in his court xii erchebeshopis and xx bishopis, and the patriak of [[Saint Thomas, Seynt Thomays is as here pope .
# (UK) An effigy of the pope traditionally burnt in Britain on Guy Fawkes' Day and (occasionally) at other times.
#* 1830 , Alexander Pope, The Poetical Works of Alexander Pope , page xxi:
- , known as ‘the Pope of Pop’ is one of the top record producer-engineers in the world.
#* 2005 , Gary S. De Krey, London and the Restoration, 1659–1683 (ISBN 1107320682), page 182:
- This is the only piece in which the author has given a hint of his religion, by ridiculing the ceremony of burning the pope , and by mentioning with some indignation the inscription
# (US, obsolete) Pope Day, the present Guy Fawkes Day.
(Coptic Church) An honorary title of the Coptic bishop of Alexandria as father and head of his church.
(Eastern Orthodoxy) An honorary title of the Orthodox bishop of Alexandria as father and head of his autocephalous church.
(Christianity, historical, obsolete) Any bishop of the early Christian church.
* 1563 , 2nd Tome Homelyes, sig. Hh.i
- As York's succession was challenged by burning the pope , the Duke of Monmouth was again heralded in the city as a Protestant alternative.
* 1703 , translating U. Chevreau as Hist. World , III. v. 379
- All notable Bishops were then called popes .
(UK) The ruffe, a small Eurasian freshwater fish (); others of its genus.
* 1792 , William Augustus Osbaldiston, The British Sportsman, Or, Nobleman, Gentleman and Farmer's Dictionary of Recreation and Amusement , page 176:
- All Bishops in that time had the Stile]] of Pope given them, as now we call every one of them, [[my Lord, My Lord.
* 1862 , Francis T. Buckland, Curiosities of Natural History , page 230:
- Byfleet-river, wherein are very large pikes, jack, and tench ; perch, of eighteen inches long ; good carp, large flounders, bream, roach, dace, gudgeons, popes , large chub, and eels.
* 1865 January 14, Astley H. Baldwin, "Small Fry" in Once a Week , page 105:
- It resembles the perch (unfortunately for itself) in having a very long and prickly fin on its back, advantage of which is taken by the boys about Windsor, who are very fond of 'plugging a pope'.' This operation consists in fixing a bung in the sharp spines on the poor ' pope's back fin, and then throwing him into the water.
* 1658 , J. Rowland translating T. Moffet as Theater of Insects'' in Topsell's ''Hist. Four-footed Beasts , 1086:
- Popes are caught whilst gudgeon-fishing with the red worm, but they are sometimes a great nuisance to the perch-fisher, as they take the minnow.
* 1743 , W. Ellis, Suppl. to London & Country Brewer second edition, 259:
- The English call the Wheat-worm]] Kis, Pope , Bowde, Weevil and [[wibil, Wibil.
* 1847 , J. O. Halliwell, Dictionary of Archaic & Provincial Words , II. 637/2
- At Winchester they call this Insect [the weevil], Pope , Black-bob]], or [[creeper, Creeper.
*1759 , "Linnæus's Systema Naturæ", The Gentleman's Magazine , page 456:
*:Alca genus; 6 species, including the razorbill, the penguin, the pope , and others.
*1773 , John Hill, "Alca", A General Natural History , volume 3, page 442:
- Popes , weevils. Urry gives this as a Hampshire word, in his MS. adds. to Ray.
* 1822 , George Woodley, A view of the present state of the Scilly Islands , page 264-5:
- The Pope : This is a very singular bird; it is about the size of our widgeon, or somewhat larger, but is not quite so large as the duck: the head is large and rounded; the eyes are small, and stand forward on the head, and lower down than in the generality of birds [...]
* 1864 , Charles Issac Elton, Norway: The Road and the Fell , page 94:
- "About a hundred yards further North" says Troutbeck, "is a 'subterraneous' cavern called the Pope's' Hole, about fifty fathoms under the ground, into which the sea flows, so called from a sort of bird which roosts in it by night, about ninety feet high above the level of the water."!! [...] It derives its name from its being a place of shelter to some puffins, ''vulgo'' "' popes ".
* 1874 , J. Van Voorst, Zoologist: A Monthly Journal of Natural History , page 3904:
- The Norsemen catch great numbers of these popes , parrots, or lunder , as they are variously named, and train dogs to go into the holes where the puffin has its nest, lying in it with feet in the air.
* 1771 , M. Bossu, Travels Through that Part of North America Formerly Called Louisiana , volume 1, page 371:
- I was informed by a fisherman that there were now hundreds of gannets in the channel off Plymouth, and that he had also met with some puffins (which he called "popes ")
* 1806 , Berquin-Duvallon, Travels in Louisiana and the Floridas, in the Year, 1802: Giving a Correct Picture of Those Countries , page 122:
- The Pope is of a bright blue round the head; on the throat it is of a fine red, and on the back of a gold green colour, it sings very finely and is the size of a canary bird.
* 1821 Édouard de Montulé, A Voyage to North America, and the West Indies in 1817 , page 54:
- The birds [of Louisiana] are the partridge, cardinal and pope , and a species of mocking bird, called the nightingale.
(rfv-sense) The bullfinch (Pyrrhula pyrrhula ).
* 1864 , N. & Q. 3rd series, 5 124/2:
- [...] some others, such as the crow, the heron, and the wild goose, which are found in Europe, I also observed ; but the most beautiful are the pope'' bird, whose head seems bound with the most bright azure blue, and the ''cardinal , being entirely of dazzling scarlet [...]
* 1885 , C. Swainson, Provincial Names for British Birds , 66:
- Pope', Nope]], Alp, Red-Hoop, and [[tony-hoop, Tony-Hoop, are all provincial appellations of... the common ' Bullfinch .
* 1963 , R. M. Nance, Glossary of Cornish Sea-words , 129:
*:‘Pope ’ is in (Dorset) a bullfinch.
* 2001 April 10 , Western Morning News (Plymouth), 26:
- Bullfinch... From Alp]], the old name for the bird used in Ray's time, the following seem to be derived:—Hoop, or Hope... Pope' ((Dorset)). Hope and [[mwope, Mwope are identical, as also ' Pope .
* 1885 , C. Swainson, Provincial Names of British Birds , 47:
- Bullfinches are known as hoops in the (Westcountry), from their calls, and as mawps and popes .
The red-cowled cardinal ().
* 1864 August 6, The Journal of Horticulture, Cottage Gardener, and Country Gentleman , page 100:
- Red-backed shrike... Pope (Hants).
* 1883 , William Thomas Greene, The amateur's aviary of foreign birds: or, How to keep and breed foreign birds , page 96:
- From the sketch of the bird which you have sent us, there is no doubt about its being the Pope Grosbeak, which is a species of the Cardinal, but not the crested one.
* 1895 , A. A. Thom, "Dominican cardinals" in The Avicultural Magazine , page 128:
- The Pope is a native of Brazil, and the female (it is altogether incongrouous to think of a lady pontiff) exactly resembles her mate.
* 1898 , The Avicultural Magazine , Volume 4, page 87:
- SIR,—I should be glad to learn how to treat Pope birds (Crestless Cardinals) when nesting.
* 1956 , Foreign birds for cage and aviary , Volume 4, page 20:
- Besides the Bicheno's Finches in this Class, the judge disqualified, in other Classes, a pair of Magpie Mannikins and a pair of Popes . These entries were presumably all disqualified on the ground that they were not true pairs: they are all birds in which the outward differences between the sexes (if there be any outward difference at all) are of an extremely slight and uncertain nature.
- The wisest plan is always to keep the Pope Cardinal in an aviary, and to have only one pair to each aviary.
In English usage, originally and generally taken to refer to the bishop of Rome, although the Egyptian title is actually older. Within the Coptic church, the patriarch of Alexandria is normally styled Pope ~; within the Eastern Orthodox church, their separate patriarch of Alexandria is formally titled Pope of Alexandria but referred to as such only in the liturgy and official documents.
* (adjective) papal
* (office) papacy
* (rival) antipope
* (female) popess, papess
* (supporter) papist
* (Catholic) Bishop of Rome, Patriarch of Rome, Vicar of Christ
* (Coptic) Bishop]] of Alexandria, [[patriarch, Patriarch of Alexandria
* (Orthodox) Orthodox Bishop of Alexandria
* (Pope Day) See Guy Fawkes Day.
* See their respective entries .
* black pope, Black Pope
* does the Pope shit in the woods?
* is the Pope Catholic?
* Pope catholic
* Pope Day
* Pope of Fools
* Pope John
* Pope's Knight
* pope's living room
* popemobile, Popemobile
* Pope Night
* pope's nose
* pope pleasing
* pope worshipper
* Red Pope
* White Pope
To act as or like a pope.
* 1537 , T. Cromwell in R. B. Merriman, Life & Lett. Cromwell (1902), II. 89
* 1624 , R. Montagu, Gagg for New Gospell? xiii. 95
- Paul popith Jolyly]], that woll desire the worlde to pray for the [[king's, kinges apeyrement.
* 1966 February , Duckett's Reg. , 14/2
- , that now Popeth it .
* 1989 September 24 , Los Angeles Times , iii. 22/1
- would pope it in his own way, God guiding him.
(colloquial) To convert to Roman Catholicism.
* in (Evelyn Waugh)'s Life R. Knox (1959), ii. i. 142
- I saw where the Pope poped and where the pigeons flocked. Pretty interesting if you're Catholic and like pigeons.
* 1990 October 7 , Sunday Telegraph , 26/5
- I'm not going to ‘Pope ’ until after the war (if I'm alive).
- A prominent Anglican priest had, to use the term generally employed on these occasions, ‘Poped ’—that is, left the Church of England in order to become a Roman Catholic.
By analogy with .
(alcoholic beverages) Any mulled wine (traditionally including tokay) considered similar and superior to bishop.
* 1855 , C. W. Johnson, Farmer's & Planter's Encycl. Rural Affairs , 1157/1
* 1920 , G. Saintsbury, Notes on Cellar-bk. , xi. 162
*:‘Pope ’, i.e. mulled burgundy, is Antichristian, from no mere Protestant point of view.
* 1965 , O. A. Mendelsohn, Dict. Drink , 264
- When made with Burgundy]] or Bordeaux, the mixture was called Bishop; when with old Rhenish, its name was Cardinal; and when with [[tokay, Tokay, it was dignified with the title of Pope .
* 1976 January 15 , Times (London), 12/8
- Pope , a spiced drink made from tokay..., ginger, honey and roasted orange.
- Many of these hot drinks have clerical names—Bishop]] being a type of mulled port, Cardinal using claret, and Pope [[champagne, Champagne.
From (etyl) , from (etyl) .
(Russian Orthodoxy) , a Russian Orthodox priest.
* 1662 , J. Davies translating A. Olearius as Voy. & Trav. Ambassadors , 139
* 1756 , Compend. Authentic & Entertaining Voy. , V. 202
- The other Ecclesiastical Orders are distinguish'd into Proto-popes', ' Popes , (or Priests) and Deacons.
* 1996 September 20 , Daily Telegraph , 25/5
- Every priest is called pope , which implies father.
- In the non-Roman rites diocesan priests are often referred to as popes .
(US, dialectal, obsolete) The whippoorwill (Caprimulgus vociferus ).
* 1781 , S. Peters, Gen. Hist. Connecticut , 257:
(US, dialectal, rare) The nighthawk (Chordeiles minor ).
* 1956 , Massachusetts Audubon Soc. Bull. , 40 81:
- The Whipperwill has so named itself by its nocturnal songs. It is also called the pope', by reason of its darting with great swiftness, from the clouds almost to the ground, and bawling out ' Pope !
- Common Nighthawk... Pope (Conn[ecticut]. From the sound made by its wings while dropping through the air).
A Roman Catholic philosophy that emphasises the prerogatives and powers of the Pope.
* 2009 , (Diarmaid MacCulloch), A History of Christianity , Penguin 2010, p. 818:
- Ultramontanism is often seen as a conservative force in the Church, but after 1815 it represented innovation and the prospect of Church reconstruction and revival, albeit of a particular type.