* (obsolete) barbarouse
Not classical or pure.
Like a barbarian, especially in sound; noisy, dissonant.
- I did but prompt the age to quit their cloggs
- By the known rules of antient libertie,
- When strait a barbarous noise environs me
- Of Owles and Cuckoes, Asses, Apes and Doggs - (1673)
(historic, ancient Greece) A usurper; one who gains power and rules extralegally, distinguished from kings elevated by election or succession.
* (Robert Mannyng), , 51:
* , III v 59:
- A bastard no kyngdom]] suld hald Bot if he it wan... Of tirant or of [[Saracen, Sarazin.
* , III iii 71:
- A tyraunt þat]] was kyng of [[Sicily, sysile.
* 1980 , Michel Austin & al., Economic and Social History of Ancient Greece , 142:
- To proue]] him Tyrant , this reason may suffice, That Henry [[liveth, liueth still.
* 1996 , Roger Boesche, Theories of Tyranny, from Plato to Arendt , 4:
- The reappearance of tyranny [in the 4th century BC] had many reasons... one of the main causes was the development of antagonism between rich and poor; tyrants came to power exploiting a social and political imbalance within the state.
(obsolete) Any monarch or governor.
* Richard Rolle, Psalter , XXXII 10:
- Ancient Greek tyrannies appeared once more in great numbers with the breakdown of the polis in the period from the fourth to the second centuries [BC]. These later tyrannies tended to rely on a more narrow class base and to use a brutal military rule, and thus writers could use the words tyrant'' and ''tyranny , with their modern connotations of evil and cruelty, to describe them accurately.
* 1382 , (w, Wycliffe's Bible), I 3:
- Princes, þat]] is,... tirauntis of [[world, warld.
* 1737 , William Whiston translating (Josephus), (History of the Jewish Wars) , I xii §2:
- The sonys]] of Yrael, and of the [[king's, kyngus bloode, and the children of tyrauntis .
A despot; a ruler who governs unjustly, cruelly, or harshly.
* 1297 , , Chronicle , 7689:
- Cassius... set tyrants over all Syria.
* John Fortescue, Works , 453:
- To hom]] [[withsaid, wiþsede strong tirant & wilde.
* 1587 , Philip Sidney and Arthur Golding, A woorke concerning the trewnesse of the christian religion , translating Philippe De Mornay, XII 196:
- Whan]] a Kyng rulith his Realme onely to his own profytt, and not to the good of his Subgetts, he [[is, ys a Tyraunte .
* , V iv 5:
- Tyrannes ...be but Gods]] scourges which he will cast into the [[fire, fyre when he hath done with them.
* 1888 , James Bryce, The American Commonweath , I iv 42:
- I am the Sonne]] of Marcus Cato, hoe.
A Foe to Tyrants , and my [[country's, Countries Friend.
(by extension) Any person who abuses the power of position or office to treat others unjustly, cruelly, or harshly.
* in the South-English Legendary (MS Laud 108), I 128:
- They [ to play the tyrant , and which rendered English liberty, as they thought, far inferior to that which the constitutions of their own States secured.
* (William Shakespeare), (The Tempest) , II ii 161:
- Ore]] louerd helpe weren alle is [[few, fon!
* 1817 , Mary Mitford in Alfred L'Estrange, The life of Mary Russell Mitford (1870), II i 2
- A plague vpon]] the Tyrant that I [[serve, serue
(by extension) A villain; a person or thing who uses strength or violence to treat others unjustly, cruelly, or harshly.
* 1377 , William Langland, (Piers Plowman) , I 199:
- a sad tyrant , as my friends the Democrats sometimes are.
* William Dunbar, Poems , 95:
- Attache]] þo tyrauntz ...And fettereth fast falsenesse...And gurdeth of gyles [[hid, hed.
* 1526 , (w, Tyndale's Bible), I 13:
- That strang]] [[unmerciful, vnmercifull tyrand [Death].
* 1528 , Thomas Paynell translating Arnaldus de Villa Nova in Joannes de Mediolano, Regimen Sanitatis Salerni :
- I was a blasphemar, and a persecuter, and a tyraunt .
* (William Shakespeare), (The Tragedie of Cymbeline) , I i 85:
- A pike (called the tyranne of fishes).
* 1847 , A. Helps, Friends in Council , I viii 132:
- O dissembling Curtesie! How fine this Tyrant Can tickle where she wounds?
The tyrant birds, members of the family , which often fight or drive off other birds which approach their nests.
* 1731 , Mark Catesby, The natural history of Carolina, Florida, and the Bahama Islands , I 55:
- Public opinion, the greatest tyrant of these times.
* Swainson, Penny Cyclopaedia , XXI 415 2:
- The Tyrant ... The courage of this little Bird is singular.
* 1895 , Alfred Newton, A Dictionary of Birds :
- The lesser tyrants' (''Tyrannulæ'') are spread over the whole of America, where they represent the true flycatcher... The ' tyrants are bold and quarrelsome birds, particularly during the season of incubation.
- Tyrant or Tyrant-bird, Catesby applied it solely to...the King-bird..., but apparently as much in reference to its bright crown...as to its tyrannical behaviour to other birds.
* (Greek ruler) archon, basileus, aisymnetes
* (unjust or strict ruler or superior) autocrat, dictator, despot, martinet
* (bird) tyrant bird, tyrant flycatcher, tyrant shrike, king bird, bee martin
* tyrantess (female form )
* Tyrant period
(uncommon) Tyrannical, tyrannous; like, characteristic of, or in the manner of a tyrant.
* 1297 , Robert of Gloucester, Chronicles , 8005:
* John Rastell, Pastyme of People
- Milce nas þer mid him [King William] non...Ac as a tirant tormentor in speche]] & ek in [[deed, dede.
* (William Shakespeare), (As you Like it) , I ii 278:
- He was most tirant & cruell of all emperours.
* 1775 , Abigail Adams, letter in Familiar Letters of John Adams and his wife Abigail Adams, during the Revolution (1876), 124:
- Thus must I from the smoake]] into the smother,
From tyrant' Duke, [[unto, vnto a ' tyrant Brother.
- ...a reconciliation between our no longer parent state, but tyrant state, and these colonies.
(obsolete) To act like a tyrant; to be tyrannical.