From (etyl) burden, birden, burthen, birthen, byrthen, from (etyl) byrden, .
* burthen (archaic)
A heavy load.
* 1898 , , (Moonfleet) Chapter 4
A responsibility, onus.
A cause of worry; that which is grievous, wearisome, or oppressive.
* Jonathan Swift
- There were four or five men in the vault already, and I could hear more coming down the passage, and guessed from their heavy footsteps that they were carrying burdens .
The capacity of a vessel, or the weight of cargo that she will carry.
- Deaf, giddy, helpless, left alone, / To all my friends a burden grown.
(mining) The tops or heads of stream-work which lie over the stream of tin.
(metalworking) The proportion of ore and flux to fuel, in the charge of a blast furnace.
- a ship of a hundred tons burden
A fixed quantity of certain commodities.
(obsolete, rare) A birth.
- A burden of gad steel is 120 pounds.
- That bore thee at a burden two fair sons
To encumber with a burden (in any of the noun senses of the word ).
* Bible, 2 Corinthians viii. 13
- to burden a nation with taxes
- I mean not that other men be eased, and ye burdened .
To impose, as a load or burden; to lay or place as a burden (something heavy or objectionable).
- My burdened heart would break.
- It is absurd to burden this act on Cromwell.
* beast of burden
From (etyl) bordon. See bourdon.
(music) A phrase or theme that recurs at the end of each verse in a folk song or ballad.
* 1610 , , act 1 scene 2
* 1846 ,
- [...] Foot it featly here and there; / And, sweet sprites, the burden bear.
The drone of a bagpipe.
- As commonly used, the refrain, or burden , not only is limited to lyric verse, but depends for its impression upon the force of monotone - both in sound and thought.
(obsolete) Theme, core idea.
(obsolete) A catapult or other kind of war-engine.
Torture, originally as inflicted by an instrument of torture.
Any extreme pain, anguish or misery, either physical or mental.
* Bible, Matthew iv. 24
- He was bitter from the torments of the divorce system.
- They brought unto him all sick people that were taken with divers diseases and torments .
* See also
To cause severe suffering to (stronger than to vex'' but weaker than ''to torture. )
* 2013 , Phil McNulty, "
- The child tormented the flies by pulling their wings off.
Man City 4-1 Man Utd", BBC Sport , 22 September 2013:
- Moyes, who never won a derby at Liverpool in 11 years as Everton manager, did not find the Etihad any more forgiving as City picked United apart in midfield, where Toure looked in a different class to United's £27.5m new boy Marouane Fellaini, and in defence as Aguero tormented Nemanja Vidic and Rio Ferdinand.