Aramaic vs Targum - What's the difference?

aramaic | targum |

As a proper noun aramaic

is a subfamily of languages in the northwest semitic language group including (but not limited to):.

As an adjective aramaic

is referring to the aramaic language, alphabet, culture or poetry.

As a noun targum is



Proper noun

  • A subfamily of languages in the Northwest Semitic language group including (but not limited to):
  • :
  • The language of the Aramaeans from the tenth century BC: often called Old Aramaic.
  • :
  • The language of the administration in the Assyrian, Babylonian and Persian empires from the seventh to fourth centuries BC: often called Imperial Aramaic or Official Aramaic.
  • :
  • The language of portions of the Hebrew Bible, mainly the books of Ezra and Daniel: often called Biblical Aramaic.
  • :
  • The language of Jesus of Nazareth: a form of Galilean Aramaic.
  • :
  • The language of Jewish targums, Midrash and the Talmuds.
  • :
  • The liturgical language of various Christian churches: often called Syriac.
  • :
  • The liturgical language of the Mandaeans: usually called Mandaic.
  • Derived terms

    * Judeo-Aramaic * Neo-Aramaic * Biblical Aramaic


  • Referring to the Aramaic language, alphabet, culture or poetry.
  • targum


    (wikipedia targum)


  • (Judaism) An Aramaic translation of the Tanakh written or compiled between the Second Temple period and the early Middle Ages.
  • *1646 , (Thomas Browne), Pseudodoxia Epidemica , V.10:
  • *:Jonathan who compiled the Thargum , conceives the colours of these banners to answer the pretious stones in the breastplate, and upon which the names of the Tribes were engraven.
  • *2011 , (David Bellos), Is That a Fish in Your Ear? , Penguin 2012, p. 141:
  • *:Eventually, the words of such Aramaic whisper-translations (called chuchotage'' in the modern world of international interpreters) were written down, mostly in small fragments, and these ''targums now provide precious linguistic and historical records for scholars of Judaism.