From (etyl) ; cognate with wort and radix.
The part of a plant, generally underground, that absorbs water and nutrients.
A root vegetable.
- This tree's roots can go as deep as twenty metres underground.
The part of a tooth extending into the bone holding the tooth in place.
- two fields which should have been sown with roots in the early summer were not sown because the ploughing had not been completed early enough.
The part of a hair under the skin that holds the hair in place.
- Root damage is a common problem of overbrushing.
The part of a hair near the skin that has not been dyed, permed, or otherwise treated.
- The root is the only part of the hair that is alive.
The primary source; origin.
- He dyed his hair black last month, so the grey roots can be seen.
* John Locke
- The love of money is the root of all evil.
(arithmetic) Of a number or expression, a number which, when raised to a specified power, yields the specified number or expression.
- They were the roots out of which sprang two distinct people.
(arithmetic) A square root (understood if no power is specified; in which case, “the root of” is often abbreviated to “root”).
- The cube root of 27 is 3.
(analysis) A zero (of a function).
(graph theory, computing) The single node of a tree that has no parent.
(linguistic morphology) The primary lexical unit of a word, which carries the most significant aspects of semantic content and cannot be reduced into smaller constituents. Inflectional stems often derive from roots.
(philology) A word from which another word or words are derived.
(music) The fundamental tone of any chord; the tone from whose harmonics, or overtones, a chord is composed.
- Multiply by root 2.
The lowest place, position, or part.
- deep to the roots of hell
(computing) In UNIX terminology, the first user account with complete access to the operating system and its configuration, found at the root of the directory structure.
(computing) The person who manages accounts on a UNIX system.
(computing) The highest directory of a directory structure which may contain both files and subdirectories. (rfex)
- the roots of the mountains
* (source) basis, origin, source
* (zero of a function) zero
* (word from which another is derived) etymon
* superuser (), root account, root user
* (zero of a function) pole
* (zero of a function) kernel
* cube root
* functional root
* put down roots
* root canal
* root cause
* roots music
* square root
* strictly roots
* take root
* root gap
(computing, slang, transitive) To break into a computer system and obtain root access.
To fix the root; to enter the earth, as roots; to take root and begin to grow.
- We rooted his box and planted a virus on it.
To be firmly fixed; to be established.
* Bishop Fell
- In deep grounds the weeds root deeper.
- If any irregularity chanced to intervene and to cause misapprehensions, he gave them not leave to root and fasten by concealment.
* (linguistics) stem
From (etyl) . Cognate with rodent. Cognate with Dutch wroeten.
To turn up or dig with the snout.
(by extension) To seek favour or advancement by low arts or grovelling servility; to fawn.
To rummage, to search as if by digging in soil.
- A pig roots the earth for truffles.
To root out; to abolish.
- rooting about in a junk-filled drawer
* Bible, Deuteronomy xxix. 28
- I will go root away the noisome weeds.
(Australia, New Zealand, vulgar, slang) To have sexual intercourse.
- The Lord rooted them out of their land and cast them into another land.
* The Australian/New Zealand sexual sense is somewhat milder than fuck but still quite coarse, certainly not for polite conversation. The sexual sense will often be understood, unless care is taken with the context to make the rummage sense clear, or 'root through' or 'root around' is used. The past participle rooted'' is equivalent to ''fucked'' in the figurative sense of broken or tired, but ''rooting'' is only the direct verbal sense, not an all-purpose intensive like ''fucking .
* (rummage) dig out, root out, rummage
* (have sexual intercourse) screw, bang, drill (US), shag (British) - See also
* root about
* root out
* root up
(Australia, New Zealand, vulgar, slang) An act of sexual intercourse.
(Australia, New Zealand, vulgar, slang) A sexual partner.
- Fancy a root ?
* The Australian/New Zealand sexual sense of root'' is somewhat milder than ''fuck'' but still quite coarse, certainly not for polite conversation. The normal usage is ''to have a root or similar.
* (act of sexual intercourse) screw (qualifier), shag (UK); see also
* (sexual partner) screw (US)
Possibly an alteration of , influenced by hoot
(intransitive, with for, US) To cheer to show support for.
* 1908 ,
(US) To hope for the success of. Rendered as 'root for'.
- Let me root', '''root''', ' root for the home team,
- I'm rooting for you, don't let me down!
* (cheer) barrack (qualifier), cheer on
(botany) Any vascular plant that does not have roots