Lexis vs Syntax - What's the difference?

lexis | syntax |

In linguistics terms the difference between lexis and syntax

is that lexis is the set of all words and phrases in a language while syntax is the study of the structure of phrases, sentences and language.



(wikipedia lexis)


  • (linguistics) The set of all words and phrases in a language.
  • The vocabulary used by a writer
  • In this broadsheet newspaper, the reporter uses a complicated and formal lexis which I find hard to understand sometimes.



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    (wikipedia syntax)


  • A set of rules that govern how words are combined to form phrases and sentences.
  • *
  •   The incorporation of a rule of V MOVEMENT into our description of English Syntax turns out to have fundamental theoretical implications for our overall Theory of Grammar: it means that we are no longer able to posit that the syntactic structure of a sentence can be described in terms of a single Phrase-marker representing its S-structure. For, the postulation of a rule of V-MOVEMENT means that we must recognise at least two different levels of structure in our Theory of Grammar — namely, a level of D-structure'' (formerly known as ‘Deep Structure?) which serves as input to the rule, and a separate level of ''S-structure which is formed by application of the rule.
  • (computing, countable) The formal rules of formulating the statements of a computer language.
  • (linguistics) The study of the structure of phrases, sentences and language.
  • Usage notes

    The joke plural syntices occasionally occurs in blogs (by false analogy with matrix etc.)

    Derived terms

    * morphosyntax * syntactic * syntactician

    See also

    * grammar * morphology ----