Next to last]], second to last; immediately preceding the end of a sequence, list, [[etc.
, year= 1677
, author= (Robert Plot
, title=The natural history of Oxford-shire: Being an Essay Toward the Natural History of England
, url= http://books.google.com/books?id=EUqd_M1x40QC&pg=PA15
, page= 15
, chapter= Of the Heavens and Air
* 1878 , , Life and Habit , ch. 10:
* 1913 , , The Valley of the Moon , ch. 3:
- But it should frequently happen that offspring should resemble its penultimate rather than its latest phase, and should thus be more like a grand-parent than a parent.
- “Your clothes don't weigh more'n seven pounds. And seven from—hum—say one hundred an' twenty-three—one hundred an' sixteen is your stripped weight.”
- But at the penultimate word, Mary cried out with sharp reproof:
(linguistics) Of or pertaining to a penult.
(math, rare) Relating to or denoting an element of a related collection of curves that is arbitrarily close to a degenerate form.
- “Why, Billy Roberts, people don't talk about such things.”
While the Latinate penultimate'' is predominant in written works, the traditional English expressions for this idea were (last but one) and (less often) (second last). Following the 1920s, American use has favored (next to last) to the point that ''last but one'' functions as a Britishism. While ''last but one'' continues to be somewhat more popular in Britain, however, ''next to last , (second to last), have been gaining in popularity.
* next to last, next-to-last, second to last, second-to-last, second from last, second-from-last, second last, second-last, (now, chiefly, UK) last but one, last ~ but one
(uncommon) A penult, a next-to-last thing, particularly:
*1962 , Minutes of the Adjourned Meeting of 22nd Biennial Convention of the United Lutheran Church in America , XXII.iv:
*:Our Lutheran concern for the ultimates (the Gospel) has allowed us to neglect some of the penultimates (bodily healing), failing to stress the total implications of that ultimate Gospel.
# (obsolete, rare) The day of a month.
#* 1529 August 30 , Bishop Stephen Gardiner, letter (1933), 33:
# (linguistics, literature, uncommon) The syllable of a word or metrical line.
#* 1728 , E. Chambers Cyclopædia :
- At , the penultimate of August.
# (math, obsolete, rare) The element of a collection of curves.
# (cards, uncommon) The (next to lowest) card in a suit.
#* 1876 , (Arthur Campbell-Walker), The Correct Card , Glossary page xiii:
- Antepenultimate is that before the Penultimate , or the last but two.
- Penultimate , the . — Beginning with the lowest card but one of the suit you lead originally, if it contains more than four cards.
* (A next-to-last thing) penult
* Oxford English Dictionary'', 3rd ed. "penultimate, ''n.'' & ''adj. " Oxford University Press (Oxford), 2005.
(UK) A game played by schoolchildren in which a group position themselves in a circle and each place one hand in the centre (normally on top of a table or other item of furniture). An ordinal number or another word such as "last" or "penultimate" is then called out by someone and whoever draws their hand away from the circle at that position has their hand slapped by the other players.