Near vs Side - What's the difference?

near | side |


As a noun near

is the left side of a horse or of a team of horses pulling a carriage etc.

As an adjective near

is physically close.

As an adverb near

is having a small intervening distance with regard to something.

As a preposition near

is close to, in close proximity to.

As a verb near

is to come closer to; to approach.

As a proper noun side is

an ancient city on a small peninsula on the mediterranean coast of anatolia, settled by greeks from cyme.

near

English

Noun

(en noun)
  • The left side of a horse or of a team of horses pulling a carriage etc.
  • Synonyms

    * near side

    Antonyms

    * off side

    See also

    * nearside

    Adjective

    (er)
  • Physically close.
  • * Dryden
  • He served great Hector, and was ever near , / Not with his trumpet only, but his spear.
  • Closely connected or related.
  • * Bible, Leviticus xviii. 12
  • She is thy father's near kinswoman.
  • Close to one's interests, affection, etc.; intimate; dear.
  • a near friend
  • Close to anything followed or imitated; not free, loose, or rambling.
  • a version near to the original
  • So as barely to avoid or pass injury or loss; close; narrow.
  • a near escape
  • (of an event) Approaching.
  • The end is near .
  • Approximate, almost.
  • The two words are near synonyms.
  • (dated) Next to the driver, when he is on foot; (US) on the left of an animal or a team.
  • the near''' ox; the '''near leg
  • (obsolete) Immediate; direct; close; short.
  • * Milton
  • the nearest way
  • (obsolete, slang) Stingy; parsimonious.
  • Antonyms

    * remote

    Derived terms

    * near abroad * near-death experience * near-Earth object * Near East * near infrared * near-minimal pair * near miss * near the knuckle * nearly * nearness

    Adverb

    (er)
  • Having a small intervening distance with regard to something.
  • I'm near -sighted.
  • (colloquial) nearly
  • * 1666 Samuel Pepys Diary and Correspondence (1867)
  • ...he hears for certain that the Queen-Mother is about and hath near finished a peace with France....
  • * 1825 David Hume, Tobias George Smollett The History of England p. 263
  • Sir John Friend had very near completed a regiment of horse.
  • * 2003 Owen Parry Honor's Kingdom p. 365
  • Thinking about those pounds and pence, I near forgot my wound.
  • * 2004 Jimmy Buffett A Salty Piece of Land p. 315, p. 35
  • "I damn near forgot." He pulled an envelope from his jacket.
  • * 2006 Juliet Marillier The Dark Mirror p. 377
  • The fire was almost dead, the chamber near dark.

    Derived terms

    * nearsighted

    Preposition

    (English prepositions)
  • Close to, in close proximity to.
  • * 1820 , (Mary Shelley), :
  • He entered the inn, and asking for dinner, unbuckled his wallet, and sat down to rest himself near the door.
  • * , chapter=17
  • , title= The Mirror and the Lamp , passage=This time was most dreadful for Lilian. Thrown on her own resources and almost penniless, she maintained herself and paid the rent of a wretched room near the hospital by working as a charwoman, sempstress, anything.}}
  • * 1927 , , :
  • It shied, balked, and whinnied, and in the end he could do nothing but drive it into the yard while the men used their own strength to get the heavy wagon near enough the hayloft for convenient pitching.
  • * {{quote-magazine, date=2013-08-16, author= John Vidal
  • , volume=189, issue=10, page=8, magazine=(The Guardian Weekly) , title= Dams endanger ecology of Himalayas , passage=Most of the Himalayan rivers have been relatively untouched by dams near their sources. Now the two great Asian powers, India and China, are rushing to harness them as they cut through some of the world's deepest valleys.}}
  • Close to in time.
  • Usage notes
    Joan Maling (1983) shows that near'' is best analysed as an adjective with which the use of ''to'' is optional, rather than a preposition. It has the comparative and the superlative, and it can be followed by ''enough''. The use of ''to however is usually British.

    Antonyms

    * far from

    Verb

    (en verb)
  • To come closer to; to approach.
  • The ship nears the land.

    See also

    * (wikipedia) * para- * nigh

    References

    * Joan Maling (1983), Transitive Adjectives: A Case of Categorial Reanalysis'', in F. Henry and B. Richards (eds.), ''Linguistic Categories: Auxiliaries and Related Puzzles , vol.1, pp. 253-289.

    Statistics

    *

    side

    English

    Etymology 1

    From (etyl) side, from (etyl) .

    Noun

    (en noun)
  • A bounding straight edge of a two-dimensional shape.
  • :
  • A flat surface of a three-dimensional object; a face.
  • :
  • One half (left or right, top or bottom, front or back, etc.) of something or someone.
  • :
  • *
  • , title=(The Celebrity), chapter=5 , passage=We expressed our readiness, and in ten minutes were in the station wagon, rolling rapidly down the long drive, for it was then after nine.
  • *, chapter=23
  • , title= The Mirror and the Lamp , passage=The slightest effort made the patient cough. He would stand leaning on a stick and holding a hand to his side , and when the paroxysm had passed it left him shaking.}}
  • A region in a specified position with respect to something.
  • :
  • *
  • *:Orion hit a rabbit once; but though sore wounded it got to the bury, and, struggling in, the arrow caught the side of the hole and was drawn out. Indeed, a nail filed sharp is not of much avail as an arrowhead; you must have it barbed, and that was a little beyond our skill.
  • One surface of a sheet of paper (used instead of "page", which can mean one or both surfaces.)
  • :
  • One possible aspect of a concept, person or thing.
  • :
  • One set of competitors in a game.
  • :
  • A sports team.
  • *{{quote-book, year=1988, author=Ken Jones, coauthor=Crown, Pat Welton, title=Soccer skills & tactics, page=9
  • , passage=Newly promoted, they were top of the First Division and unbeaten when they took on a Manchester United side that had been revitalized by a new manager,
  • *{{quote-news, year=2011, date=September 28, author=Jon Smith, work=BBC Sport
  • , title= Valencia 1-1 Chelsea , passage=It was no less than Valencia deserved after dominating possession in the final 20 minutes although Chelsea defended resolutely and restricted the Spanish side to shooting from long range.}}
  • *2011 , Nick Cain, Greg Growden, Rugby Union For Dummies , UK Edition, 3rd Edition, p.220:
  • *:Initially, the English, Welsh, Scots and Irish unions refused to send national sides', preferring instead to send touring ' sides like the Barbarians, the Penguins, the Co-Optimists, the Wolfhounds, Crawshays Welsh, and the Public School Wanderers.
  • A group having a particular allegiance in a conflict or competition.
  • :
  • * Landor
  • *:We have not always been of thesame side in politics.
  • * Alexander Pope
  • *:sets the passions on the side of truth
  • Sidespin; english
  • :
  • A television channel, usually as opposed to the one currently being watched (lb).
  • :
  • A dish that accompanies the main course; a side dish.
  • :
  • A line of descent traced through one parent as distinguished from that traced through another.
  • * Milton
  • *:To sit upon thy father David's throne, / By mother's side thy father.
  • Synonyms
    * (bounding straight edge of an object) edge * (flat surface of an object) face * (left or right half) half * (surface of a sheet of paper) page * (region in a specified position with respect to something) * (one possible aspect of a concept) * (set of opponents in a game) team * (group having a particular allegiance in a war) * (television channel) channel, station (US)
    Derived terms
    * * aside * countryside * driverside * five-a-side * guide on the side * hillside * inside * mountainside * offside * other side * outside * quayside * riverside * roadside * seaside * sideband * sideboard * sideburn, sideburns * side by side * sidecar * side dish * side effect * side issue * sidekick * sidelight * sideline * sidelong * side on * side-saddle, sidesaddle * side scroller * side-splitting * side street * sideswipe * sidetrack * sidewalk * sidewall * sideways * sidewinder * split one's sides * take sides * topside * underside * upside

    Verb

    (sid)
  • To ally oneself, be in an alliance, usually with "with" or rarely "in with"
  • Which will you side with , good or evil?
  • * 1597 , Francis Bacon, Essays – "Of Great Place":
  • All rising to great place is by a winding star; and if there be factions, it is good to side a man's self, whilst he is in the rising, and to balance himself when he is placed.
  • * Alexander Pope
  • All side in parties, and begin the attack.
  • * 1958 , Archer Fullingim, The Kountze [Texas] News, August 28, 1958 :
  • How does it feel... to... side in with those who voted against you in 1947?
  • To lean on one side.
  • (Francis Bacon)
  • (obsolete) To be or stand at the side of; to be on the side toward.
  • * Spenser
  • His blind eye that sided Paridell.
  • (obsolete) To suit; to pair; to match.
  • (Clarendon)
  • (shipbuilding) To work (a timber or rib) to a certain thickness by trimming the sides.
  • To furnish with a siding.
  • to side a house
    Synonyms
    * (ally oneself) * take side
    Derived terms
    * side with * siding
    See also
    * ally * alliance * join in

    Statistics

    *

    Etymology 2

    From (etyl) side, syde, syd, from (etyl) .

    Adjective

    (en adjective)
  • Being on the left or right, or toward the left or right; lateral.
  • * Dryden
  • One mighty squadron with a side wind sped.
  • Indirect; oblique; incidental.
  • a side''' issue; a '''side view or remark
  • * Hooker
  • The law hath no side respect to their persons.
  • Wide; large; long, pendulous, hanging low, trailing; far-reaching.
  • * Laneham
  • His gown had side sleeves down to mid leg.
    (Shakespeare)
  • (Scotland) Far; distant.
  • Derived terms
    * (l)

    Etymology 3

    From (etyl) side, syde, from (etyl) . See above.

    Adverb

    (en adverb)
  • Widely; wide; far.
  • Anagrams

    * 1000 English basic words ----