Ill vs Sic - What's the difference?

ill | sic |

As an adjective ill

is (label) evil; wicked (of people).

As an adverb ill

is not well; imperfectly, badly; hardly.

As a noun ill

is (often pluralized) trouble; distress; misfortune; adversity.

As a conjunction sic is

like, as.




  • (label) Evil; wicked (of people).
  • * (Francis Atterbury) (1663-1732)
  • St. Paul chose to magnify his office when ill men conspired to lessen it.
  • (label) Morally reprehensible (of behaviour etc.); blameworthy.
  • * 1999 , (George RR Martin), A Clash of Kings , Bantam 2011, p. 2:
  • ‘Go bring her. It is ill to keep a lady waiting.’
  • Indicative of unkind or malevolent intentions; harsh, cruel.
  • Unpropitious, unkind, faulty, not up to reasonable standard.
  • *{{quote-book, year=1959, author=(Georgette Heyer), title=(The Unknown Ajax), chapter=1
  • , passage=
  • Unwell in terms of health or physical condition; sick.
  • Having an urge to vomit.
  • (label) Sublime, with the connotation of being so in a singularly creative way. [This sense sometimes declines in AAVE as ill', ''comparative'' '''iller''', ''superlative'' ' illest .]
  • * 1994 , Biggie Smalls, The What
  • Biggie Smalls is the illest / Your style is played out, like Arnold wonderin "Whatchu talkin bout, Willis?"
  • (label) Extremely bad (bad enough to make one ill). Generally used indirectly with to be .
  • Usage notes

    * The comparative forms iller and illest are used in American English, but less than one fourth as frequently as the "more" and "most" forms.


    * (suffering from a disease''): diseased, poorly (''UK ), sick, under the weather (informal), unwell * (having an urge to vomit ): disgusted, nauseated, nauseous, sick, sickened * (bad ): bad, mal- * (in hip-hop slang: sublime ): dope * See also


    * (suffering from a disease ): fine, hale, healthy, in good health, well * (having an urge to vomit ): * (bad ): good * (in hip-hop slang: sublime ): wack

    Derived terms

    * be ill * fall ill * ill at ease * ill effects * illness * ill wind * lie ill in one's mouth * mentally ill * be taken ill



    (en adverb)
  • Not well; imperfectly, badly; hardly.
  • *
  • In both groups, however, we find copious and intricate speciation so that, often, species limits are narrow and ill defined.
  • * 1994 , Nelson Mandela, Long Walk to Freedom , Abacus 2010, p. 541:
  • His inflexibility and blindness ill become a leader, for a leader must temper justice with mercy.
  • * 2006 , Julia Borossa (translator), Monique Canto-Sperber (quoted author), in (quoting author), ''Dead End Feminism , Polity, ISBN 9780745633800, page 40:
  • Is it because this supposes an undifferentiated violence towards others and oneself that I could ill imagine in a woman?


    * illy


    * well

    Derived terms

    * bode ill * ill afford * ill-formed * ill-gotten * ill-thought-out


    (en noun)
  • (often pluralized) Trouble; distress; misfortune; adversity.
  • * (William Shakespeare)
  • That makes us rather bear those ills we have / Than fly to others that we know not of.
  • * , chapter=4
  • , title= Mr. Pratt's Patients , passage=Then he commenced to talk, really talk. and inside of two flaps of a herring's fin he had me mesmerized, like Eben Holt's boy at the town hall show. He talked about the ills of humanity, and the glories of health and Nature and service and land knows what all.}}
  • Harm or injury.
  • Evil; moral wrongfulness.
  • * (John Dryden)
  • Strong virtue, like strong nature, struggles still, / Exerts itself, and then throws off the ill .
  • A physical ailment; an illness.
  • Unfavorable remarks or opinions.
  • (US, slang) PCP, phencyclidine.
  • Derived terms

    * for good or ill


    * Oxford English Dictionary , 2nd ed., 1989. * Random House Webster's Unabridged Electronic Dictionary , 1987-1996.




    * ----



    (wikipedia sic)

    Etymology 1

    From (etyl) .


  • thus; thus written
  • Usage notes
    The word sic may be used in brackets to show that an uncommon or archaic]] usage is reported faithfully: for instance, quoting the [[:w:United States Constitution, U.S. Constitution: : The House of Representatives shall chuse [sic ] their Speaker ... It may also be used to highlight a perceived error, sometimes for the purpose of ridicule, as in this example from : : Warehouse has been around for 30 years and has 263 stores, suggesting a large fan base. The chain sums up its appeal thus: "styley [sic], confident, sexy, glamorous, edgy, clean and individual, with it's [sic] finger on the fashion pulse."'>citation Since it is not an abbreviation, it does not require a following period.
    See also
    * shurely shome mishtake (A jocular alternative to sic.)


  • To mark with a bracketed sic."sic, adv. (and n.)" Oxford English Dictionary , Second Edition 1989. Oxford University Press.
  • E. Belfort Bax wrote "... the modern reviewer's taste is not really shocked by half the things he sics or otherwise castigates."''E. Belfort Bax. '' On Some Forms of Modern Cant . Commonweal: 7 May 1887. Marxists’ Internet Archive: 14 Jan. 2006

    Etymology 2

    Variant of (seek).

    Alternative forms

    * sick


  • To incite an attack by, especially a dog or dogs.
  • He sicced his dog on me!
  • To set upon; to chase; to attack.
  • Sic 'em, Mitzi.
    Usage notes
    * The sense of "set upon" is most commonly used as an imperative, in a command to an animal.



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