To confuse; to mix up; to puzzle.
, date=June 29
, author=Kevin Mitchell
, title=Roger Federer back from Wimbledon 2012 brink to beat Julien Benneteau
, work=the Guardian
, passage=The fightback when it came was in the Federer fashion: unfussy, filled with classy strokes from the back with perfectly timed interventions at the net that confounded
his opponent. The third set passed in a bit of a blur, the fourth, which led to the second tie-break, was the most dramatic of the match. }}
* 1830 , , i, 34,
To fail to see the difference; to mix up; to confuse right and wrong.
* 1651 (Latin edition 1642), ,
- And the brother of Jared being a large and mighty man, and a man highly favored of the Lord, Jared, his brother, said unto him: Cry unto the Lord, that he will not confound us that we may not understand our words.
To make something worse.
- Hey who lesse seriously consider the force of words, doe sometimes confound' Law with Counsell, sometimes with Covenant, sometimes with Right. They ' confound Law with Counsell, who think, that it is the duty of Monarchs not onely to give ear to their Counsellours, but also to obey them, as though it were in vaine to take Counsell, unlesse it were also followed.
* 1983 , Carol M. Anderson, Susan Stewart, Mastering Resistance: A Practical Guide to Family Therapy ,
- Don't confound the situation by yelling.
To cause to be ashamed; to abash.
- While she had obeyed him, smiling sweetly all the time, she had nursed a growing resentment of what she called his "Latin American macho attitude." To confound the problem, his mother, who lived with them on and off, was described by the wife as being as domineering as her son.
To defeat, to frustrate, to thwart.
* 1769 , King James Bible, Oxford Standard text, , i, 27,
- His actions confounded the skeptics.
* Traditional, date and author unknown, ,
- But God hath chosen the foolish things of the world to confound' the wise; and God hath chosen the weak things of the world to ' confound the things which are mighty;
* 1848 February 12, ,
- O Lord, our God, arise, / Scatter thine enemies, / And make them fall / Confound their politics, / Frustrate their knavish tricks, / On thee our hopes we fix: / God save us all.
(dated) To damn (a mild oath ).
- I am now, in order the better to confound your politics, going to give you a true account of the means we intend to use, and of the rules, signs, and pass-words of our new United Irish Society Lodge A. 1.—They are so simple that you will never believe them.
- Confound you!
* 1882 , '' in ''The Gully of Bluemansdyke and Other Stories ,
- Confound the lady!
- "Number 43 is no better, Doctor," said the head-warder, in a slightly reproachful accent, looking in round the corner of my door.
*1877 , (Anna Sewell), (Black Beauty) Chapter 23[http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Black_Beauty/23]
*:"Confound these bearing reins!" he said to himself; "I thought we should have some mischief soon—master will be sorely vexed;
(archaic) To bring to ruination.
To stun, amaze
- "Confound 43!" I responded from behind the pages of the Australian Sketcher .
* mix up
(statistics) a confounding variable
* choque (obsolete)
From (etyl) . More at (l).
Sudden, heavy impact.
# (figuratively) Something so surprising that it is stunning.
# Electric shock, a sudden burst of electric energy, hitting an animate animal such as a human.
# Circulatory shock, a life-threatening medical emergency characterized by the inability of the circulatory system to supply enough oxygen to meet tissue requirements.
# A sudden or violent mental or emotional disturbance
(mathematics) A discontinuity arising in the solution of a partial differential equation.
- The train hit the buffers with a great shock .
* bow shock
* culture shock
* economic shock
* electric shock
* shock absorber
* shock jock
* shock mount
* shock rock
* shock site
* shock therapy
* shock wave, shockwave
* shocking pink
* supply shock
* technology shock
* termination shock
* toxic shock syndrome
To cause to be emotionally shocked.
To give an electric shock.
(obsolete) To meet with a shock; to meet in violent encounter.
* De Quincey
- The disaster shocked the world.
- They saw the moment approach when the two parties would shock together.
An arrangement of sheaves for drying, a stook.
- Cause it on shocks to be by and by set.
(commerce, dated) A lot consisting of sixty pieces; a term applied in some Baltic ports to loose goods.
(by extension) A tuft or bunch of something (e.g. hair, grass)
- Behind the master walks, builds up the shocks .
(obsolete, by comparison) A small dog with long shaggy hair, especially a poodle or spitz; a shaggy lapdog.
* 1827 Thomas Carlyle, The Fair-Haired Eckbert
- a head covered with a shock of sandy hair
- When I read of witty persons, I could not figure them but like the little shock (translating the German Spitz).
To collect, or make up, into a shock or shocks; to stook.
- to shock rye