Gouge vs Shear - What's the difference?

gouge | shear |

As verbs the difference between gouge and shear

is that gouge is while shear is to cut, originally with a sword or other bladed weapon, now usually with shears, or as if using shears.

As a noun shear is

a cutting tool similar to scissors, but often larger.

As an adjective shear is





(en noun)
  • A cut or groove, as left by something sharp.
  • The nail left a deep gouge in the tire.
  • A chisel, with a curved blade, for scooping or cutting holes, channels, or grooves, in wood, stone, etc.
  • * 1823 , ,
  • The "steeple" was a little cupola, reared on the very centre of the roof, on four tall pillars of pine that were fluted with a gouge , and loaded with mouldings.
  • A bookbinder's tool with a curved face, used for blind tooling or gilding.
  • An incising tool that cuts forms or blanks for gloves, envelopes, etc.. from leather, paper, etc.
  • (Knight)
  • (mining) Soft material lying between the wall of a vein and the solid vein.
  • (Raymond)
  • (slang) Imposition; cheat; fraud.
  • (slang) An impostor; a cheat.
  • Verb

  • To make a mark or hole by scooping.
  • Japanese and Chinese printers used to gouge characters in wood.
  • (transitive, or, intransitive) To push, or try to push the eye (of a person) out of its socket.
  • * 1930 , ,
  • He tried to clinch and gouge , but another right hook to the jaw sent him down and out.
  • To charge an unreasonably or unfairly high price.
  • They have no competition, so they tend to gouge their customers.


    * (make a mark or hole by scooping) engrave * (charge an unreasonable price) swindle

    Derived terms

    * gouge out * price gouging * regouge


    * English transitive verbs ----



    (wikipedia shear)


  • To cut, originally with a sword or other bladed weapon, now usually with shears, or as if using shears.
  • * 1819 , Walter Scott, Ivanhoe :
  • So trenchant was the Templar’s weapon, that it shore asunder, as it had been a willow twig, the tough and plaited handle of the mace, which the ill-fated Saxon reared to parry the blow, and, descending on his head, levelled him with the earth.
  • * Shakespeare
  • the golden tresses were shorn away
  • To remove the fleece from a sheep etc by clipping.
  • (physics) To deform because of shearing forces.
  • (Scotland) To reap, as grain.
  • (Jamieson)
  • (figurative) To deprive of property; to fleece.
  • Noun

    (en noun)
  • a cutting tool similar to scissors, but often larger
  • * Dryden
  • short of the wool, and naked from the shear
  • the act of shearing, or something removed by shearing
  • * Youatt
  • After the second shearing, he is a two-shear' ram; at the expiration of another year, he is a three-' shear ram; the name always taking its date from the time of shearing.
  • (physics) a force that produces a shearing strain
  • (geology) The response of a rock to deformation usually by compressive stress, resulting in particular textures.
  • Derived terms

    * megashear * shearer