Shake vs Shiver - What's the difference?

shake | shiver |

As verbs the difference between shake and shiver

is that shake is (ergative) to cause (something) to move rapidly in opposite directions alternatingly while shiver is to break into splinters or fragments or shiver can be to tremble or shake, especially when cold or frightened.

As nouns the difference between shake and shiver

is that shake is the act of shaking something while shiver is a fragment or splinter, especially of glass or stone or shiver can be the act or result of shivering.

Other Comparisons: What's the difference?



(wikipedia shake)


  • (ergative) To cause (something) to move rapidly in opposite directions alternatingly.
  • * {{quote-book, year=1963, author=(Margery Allingham), title=(The China Governess)
  • , chapter=19 citation , passage=Meanwhile Nanny Broome was recovering from her initial panic and seemed anxious to make up for any kudos she might have lost, by exerting her personality to the utmost. She took the policeman's helmet and placed it on a chair, and unfolded his tunic to shake it and fold it up again for him.}}
  • To move (one's head) from side to side, especially to indicate a negative.
  • To move or remove by agitating; to throw off by a jolting or vibrating motion.
  • * (William Shakespeare) (1564-1616)
  • Shake off the golden slumber of repose.
  • * (John Bunyan) (1628-1688)
  • I could scarcely shake him out of my company.
  • To disturb emotionally; to shock.
  • * {{quote-magazine, date=2013-07-20, volume=408, issue=8845, magazine=(The Economist)
  • , title= The attack of the MOOCs , passage=Since the launch early last year of […] two Silicon Valley start-ups offering free education through MOOCs, massive open online courses, the ivory towers of academia have been shaken to their foundations. University brands built in some cases over centuries have been forced to contemplate the possibility that information technology will rapidly make their existing business model obsolete.}}
  • To lose, evade, or get rid of (something).
  • To move from side to side.
  • *, chapter=23
  • , title= The Mirror and the Lamp , passage=The slightest effort made the patient cough. He would stand leaning on a stick and holding a hand to his side, and when the paroxysm had passed it left him shaking .}}
  • To shake hands.
  • To dance.
  • To give a tremulous tone to; to trill.
  • Derived terms

    * more than one can shake a stick at * shake a leg * shake and bake, shake 'n bake * shake hands * shake off * shake one's ass * shake one's head * shake on it * shake the pagoda tree * shake up


    (en noun)
  • The act of shaking something.
  • The cat gave the mouse a shake .
  • A milkshake.
  • A beverage made by adding ice cream to a (usually carbonated) drink; a float.
  • Shake cannabis, small, leafy fragments of cannabis that gather at the bottom of a bag of marijuana.
  • (building material) A thin shingle.
  • A crack or split between the growth rings in wood.
  • A fissure in rock or earth.
  • (informal) Instant, second. (Especially (in two shakes).)
  • *
  • (nautical) One of the staves of a hogshead or barrel taken apart.
  • (Totten)
  • (music) A rapid alternation of a principal tone with another represented on the next degree of the staff above or below it; a trill.
  • A shook of staves and headings.
  • (Knight)
  • (UK, dialect) The redshank, so called from the nodding of its head while on the ground.
  • (Webster 1913)

    Derived terms

    * in two shakes, in two shakes of a cow's tail, etc. * milk-shake * no great shakes * shakemap, shake map * shake table * shakeup, shake-up



    Etymology 1

    From a Germanic word, probably present in Old English though unattested, cognate with Old High German scivaro'' (German ''Schiefer ‘slate’).


    (en noun)
  • A fragment or splinter, especially of glass or stone.
  • (obsolete, UK, dialect) A thin slice; a shive.
  • * Fuller
  • a shiver of their own loaf
  • (geology) A variety of blue slate.
  • (nautical) A sheave or small wheel in a pulley.
  • A small wedge, as for fastening the bolt of a window shutter.
  • (obsolete, UK, dialect) A spindle.
  • Verb

    (en verb)
  • To break into splinters or fragments.
  • * 1851 ,
  • But if, in the face of all this, you still declare that whaling has no aesthetically noble associations connected with it, then am I ready to shiver fifty lances with you there, and unhorse you with a split helmet every time.
  • * 1904 , (Arthur Conan Doyle), The Adventure of the Six Napoleons , Norton (2005), page 1034:
  • he found a plaster bust of Napoleon, which stood with several other works of art upon the counter, lying shivered into fragments.
  • * 2010 , (Christopher Hitchens), Hitch-22 , Atlantic 2011, p. 183:
  • A whole series of fault lines radiated away from this Lisbon earthquake, all of them shivering the structures of traditional order.
    Derived terms
    * shiver my timbers

    Etymology 2

    Origin uncertain, perhaps an alteration of chavel.


    (en verb)
  • To tremble or shake, especially when cold or frightened.
  • * Creech
  • The man that shivered on the brink of sin, / Thus steeled and hardened, ventures boldly in.
  • * 1847 , , (Jane Eyre), Chapter XVIII
  • Mr. Mason, shivering as some one chanced to open the door, asked for more coal to be put on the fire, which had burnt out its flame, though its mass of cinder still shone hot and red. The footman who brought the coal, in going out, stopped near Mr. Eshton's chair, and said something to him in a low voice, of which I heard only the words, "old woman,"—"quite troublesome."
  • * 1922 , (Margery Williams), (The Velveteen Rabbit)
  • He was shivering a little, for he had always been used to sleeping in a proper bed, and by this time his coat had worn so thin and threadbare from hugging that it was no longer any protection to him.
  • * {{quote-magazine, date=2013-06-07, author=David Simpson
  • , volume=188, issue=26, page=36, magazine=(The Guardian Weekly) , title= Fantasy of navigation , passage=Like most human activities, ballooning has sponsored heroes and hucksters and a good deal in between. For every dedicated scientist patiently recording atmospheric pressure and wind speed while shivering at high altitudes, there is a carnival barker with a bevy of pretty girls willing to dangle from a basket or parachute down to earth.}}
  • (nautical) To cause to shake or tremble, as a sail, by steering close to the wind.
  • Noun

    (en noun)
  • The act or result of shivering.
  • :
  • *
  • *:But they had already discovered that he could be bullied, and they had it their own way; and presently Selwyn lay prone upon the nursery floor, impersonating a ladrone while pleasant shivers chased themselves over Drina, whom he was stalking.
  • (lb) A bodily response to early hypothermia.(w)
  • Derived terms

    * send shivers down someone's spine