* satan (especially the common noun sense)
(en proper noun
(religion) The supreme evil spirit in the Abrahamic religions, who tempts humanity and rules Hell; the Devil.
* 1997 , Martin Schuldiner, Puritan Casuistry'', Martin Schuldiner (editor), ''The Tayloring Shop: Essays on the Poetry of in Honor of Thomas M. and Virginia L. Davis ,
* 1998 , Wendy Griswold, 8: The Devil, social change, and Jacobean theatre'', Philip Smith (editor), ''The New American Cultural Sociology ,
- Having been captured by the forces of Christ, the souls are now atacked for the first time by their former captain in “Satans' Rage at them in their Conversion.? '''Satan'''?s basic line of attack is to accuse the souls of being unreliable converts. Just as the souls turned from '''Satan''' to Christ, so too they will turn back again when it suits them, says ' Satan .
- The conventional role of Satan in English mystery plays was the Trickster archetype adapted for a theatre that was both popular and religious but constrained by traditional Christian theology.
* 2005 , , Healing the Shame That Binds You ,
- The Satan of the mystery plays was a Trickster, but a dignified one.
- Biblical scholars tell us that the idea of a purely evil being like the Devil or Satan''' was a late development in the Bible. In the book of Job, '''Satan was the heavenly district attorney whose job it was to test the faith of those who, like Job, were specially blessed.
- During the Persian conquest of the Israelites, the Satan''' of Job became fused with the Zoroastrian dualistic theology adopted by the Persians, where two opposing forces, one of good, Ahura Mazda, the Supreme Creator deity, was in a constant battle with Ahriman, the absolute god of evil. This polarized dualism was present in the theology of the Essenes and took hold in Christianity where God and his Son Jesus were in constant battle with the highest fallen angel, '''Satan , for human souls. This dualism persists today only in fundamentalist religions (Muslim terrorists, the Taliban, the extreme Christian Right and a major part of evangelical Christianity).
(religion, Theistic Satanism) The same figure, regarded as a deity to be revered and worshipped.
- Many LaVeyans reject the notion that Satan is bad.
A person or animal regarded as particularly malignant, detestable or evil;
- I have revered Satan ever since I became a Satanist .
(supreme evil spirit of Abrahamic religions) the Adversary, Beelzebub, the Devil, Diabolus, the Dragon, Iblis, Lucifer, Mephistopheles, Old Nick, Old Scratch, the Old Serpent, the Prince of Demons
* Great Satan
* LaVeyan Satanism
(countable) A demon follower of Satan (principal evil spirit); a fallen angel.
* 1992 , Clinton E. Arnold, Powers of Darkness: Principalities & Powers in Paul?s Letters ,
* 2007 , Abdullah Yusuf Ali (translator), M. A. H. Eliyasee (Roman script transliteration), Osman Taha (Arabic script), The Qur?an , II, 102,[in other editions, 96]
- This literature refers to a major figurehead of evil called “Satan,” the leader of a group of angels also referred to as “Satans'.” These ' Satans accuse people and lead them astray.
- They followed what the Satans' recited over Solomon?s Kingdom. Solomon did not disbelieve but ' Satans disbelieved, teaching men, magic, and such things as came down at Babylon to the angels H?r?t and M?r?t.
Smith?s Bible Dictionary - Satan
Easton?s Bible Dictionary - Satan
(obsolete) An enemy, unfriend, or foe.
(religious, archaic) The enemy of mankind, specifically, the Devil; Satan.
* 1971 , , Religion and the Decline of Magic , Folio Society 2012, p. 35:
A devil or demon; a malignant or diabolical being; an evil spirit.
* 1845 , E.A. Poe, "The Raven"
- At the confirmation ceremony the bishop would lay his hands on the child and tie around its forehead a linen band […]. This was believed to strengthen him against the assaults of the fiend […].
A very evil person
(informal) An addict or fanatic
- "Be that word our sign of parting, bird or fiend! "
- a jazz fiend
* dope fiend