(part of speech is dubious for many senses
Away from the centre of the Earth or other planet; in opposite direction to the downward pull of gravity.
(intensifier) (Used as an aspect marker to indicate a completed action or state) Thoroughly, completely.
- I looked up and saw the airplane overhead.
- I will mix up the puzzle pieces.
- Tear up the contract.
- He really messed up .
To or from one's possession or consideration.
- Please type up our monthly report.
- I picked up some milk on the way home.
- The committee will take up your request.
- She had to give up her driver's license after the accident.
To a higher level of some quantity or notional quantity, such as price, volume, pitch, happiness, etc.
- I will go up to New York to visit my family this weekend.
- Gold has gone up with the uncertainty in the world markets.
- Turn it up , I can barely hear it.
- Listen to your voice go up at the end of a question.
(rail transport) Traditional term for the direction leading to the principal terminus, towards milepost zero.
(sailing) Against the wind or current.
(Cartesian graph) In a positive vertical direction.
(cricket) Relatively close to the batsman.
- Cheer up , the weekend's almost here.
(hospitality) Without additional ice.
- The bowler pitched the ball up .
(UK, academia) Towards Cambridge or Oxford.
- Would you like that drink up or on ice?
* 1867 , John Timbs, Lives of wits and humourists , p. 125
- She's going up to read Classics this September.
* 1998 , Rita McWilliams Tullberg, Women at Cambridge , p. 112
- The son of the Dean of Lichfield was only three years older than Steele, who was a lad of only twelve, when at the age of fifteen, Addison went up to Oxford.
* 2002 , Peter Harman, Cambridge Scientific Minds , p. 79
- Others insinuated that women 'crowded up to Cambridge', not for the benefits of a higher education, but because of the proximity of 2,000 young men.
To or in a position of equal advance or equality; not short of, back of, less advanced than, away from, etc.; usually followed by to'' or ''with .
- A precocious mathematician, Babbage was already well versed in the Continental mathematical notations when he went up to Cambridge.
- I was up to my chin in water.
To or in a state of completion; completely; wholly; quite.
- A stranger came up and asked me for directions.
- Drink up . The pub is closing.
- Can you sum up your research?
- The comet burned up in the atmosphere.
Aside, so as not to be in use.
- I need to sew up the hole in this shirt.
- to lay up''' riches; put '''up your weapons
* (away from the centre of the Earth) down
* (louder) down
* (higher in pitch) down
* (towards the principal terminus) down
* all it's cracked up to be
* back up
* bottoms up
* blow up
* break up
* buck up
* build up
* burn up
* clog up
* cloud up
* clean up
* clear up
* close up
* crack up
* cut up
* double up
* dress up
* dry up
* eat up
* finish up
* gang up
* gang up on
* go up
* kick up
* knock up
* lash up
* let up
* look up
* muck up
* open up
* polish up
* run up
* runner up
* shake up
* shoot up
* show up
* shut up
* stir up
* stop up
* turn up
* up a tree
* up to
* up to it
* wet up
* work up
* write up
Toward the top of.
, title=(The Celebrity
, passage=Judge Short had gone to town, and Farrar was off for a three days' cruise up
the lake. I was bitterly regretting I had not gone with him when the distant notes of a coach horn reached my ear, and I descried a four-in-hand winding its way up the inn road from the direction of Mohair.}}
Toward the center, source, or main point of reference; toward the end at which something is attached.
Further along (in any direction).
From south to north of
* 2012 October 31, David M. Halbfinger, "[http://www.nytimes.com/2012/11/01/nyregion/new-jersey-continues-to-cope-with-hurricane-sandy.html?hp]," New York Times (retrieved 31 October 2012):
- Though the storm raged up the East Coast, it has become increasingly apparent that New Jersey took the brunt of it.
* (toward the top of) down
* give up
* pick up
* put up
* ring up
* take up
* throw up
* up a creek
* up someone's alley
Finished, to an end
- I can’t believe it’s 3 a.m. and you’re still up .
In a good mood.
- Time is up !
- I’m feeling up today.
Next in a sequence.
- If you are up for a trip, let’s go.
- Smith is up to bat.
Facing upwards; facing toward the top.
- What is up with that project at headquarters?
- Put the notebook face up on the table.
Larger, greater in quantity.
- Take a break and put your feet up .
- Sales are up from last quarter.
On a higher level.
* 1925 , Walter Anthony and Tom Reed (titles), , silent movie
- Get up and give her your seat.
Available; made public.
- ‘The Phantom! The Phantom is up from the cellars again!’
- The new notices are up as of last Tuesday.
(computing) Functional; working.
- I’m not up on the latest news. What’s going on?
(of a railway line or train) Traveling towards a major terminus.
- Is the server back up ?
Headed, or designated to go, upward, as an escalator, stairway, elevator etc.
(bar tending) Chilled and strained into a stemmed glass.
- The London train is on the up line.
(of the Sun or Moon) Above the horizon, in the sky (i.e. during daytime or night-time)
* 1898 , , (Moonfleet) Chapter 4
- A Cosmopolitan is typically served up .
(slang, graffiti) well-known; renowned
* 1996 , Matthew Busby Hunt, The Sociolinguistics of Tagging and Chicano Gang Graffiti (page 71)
- I have said I was still in darkness, yet it was not the blackness of the last night; and looking up into the inside of the tomb above, I could see the faintest line of light at one corner, which showed the sun was up .
* 2009 , Gregory J. Snyder, Graffiti Lives: Beyond the Tag in New York's Urban Underground (pages 16-40)
- Being "up" means having numerous graffiti in the tagging landscape.
* 2011 , Adam Melnyk, Visual Orgasm: The Early Years of Canadian Graffiti
- Graffiti writers want their names seen by writers and others so that they will be famous. Therefore writers are very serious about any opportunity to “get up'.” The throw-up became one of the fundamental techniques for getting ' up , and thereby gaining recognition and fame.
- From his great rooftop pieces, selected for high visibility, to his sneaky tags and fun loving stickers, he most certainly knows how to get up .
* (facing upwards) down
* (on a higher level) down
* (traveling towards a major terminus) down
* know which end is up
* up and running
* up for grabs
* upside down
(uncountable) The direction opposed to the pull of gravity.
(countable) A positive thing.
- Up is a good way to go.
An upstairs room of a two story house.
- I hate almost everything about my job. The only up is that it's so close to home.
- She lives in a two-up two-down.
* Up is not commonly used as object of a preposition.
* (direction opposed to the pull of gravity) down
* ups and downs
(colloquial) To increase or raise.
- If we up the volume, we'll be able to make out the details.
- We upped anchor and sailed away.
, date=December 10
, author=Marc Higginson
, title=Bolton 1 - 2 Aston Villa
, work=BBC Sport
, passage=After a dreadful performance in the opening 45 minutes, they upped
their game after the break and might have taken at least a point from the match.}}
(colloquial) To promote.
To act suddenly, usually with another verb.
- It wasn’t long before they upped him to Vice President.
- He just upped and quit.
* 1991 , (Michael Jackson),
- He upped and punched that guy.
- And she didn't leave a letter, she just upped and ran away.
* (increase) turn up
* up and
* up and go
* up and leave
* up the ante
* up the game
* Andrea Tyler and Vyvyan Evans, "Spatial particles of orientation", in The Semantics of English Prepositions: Spatial Scenes, Embodied Meaning and Cognition , Cambridge University Press, 2003, 0-521-81430 8
From (etyl) ront, runt ( > French rond), representing an earlier , from (etyl) rotundus ( > Italian rotondo, Provençal redon, Spanish redondo etc.). The noun developed partly from the adjective and partly from the corresponding (etyl) noun rond. Compare rotund and rotunda.
# Circular or cylindrical; having a circular cross-section in one direction.
# Spherical; shaped like a ball; having a circular cross-section in more than one direction.
# Lacking sharp angles; having gentle curves.
#*:If I close my eyes I can see Marie today as I saw her then. Round , rosy face, snub nose, dark hair piled up in a chignon.
Complete, whole, not lacking.
(label) Convenient for ing other numbers to; for example, ending in a zero.
- Round was their pace at first, but slackened soon.
(label) Pronounced with the lips drawn together.
Outspoken; plain and direct; unreserved; not mincing.
* (Matthew Arnold) (1822-1888)
* (William Shakespeare) (1564-1616)
- the round assertion
Finished; polished; not defective or abrupt; said of authors or their writing style.
* (Henry Peacham) (1578-c.1644)
- Sir Toby, I must be round with you.
Consistent; fair; just; applied to conduct.
* (Francis Bacon) (1561-1626)
- In his satires Horace is quick, round , and pleasant.
- Round dealing is the honour of man's nature.
* (circular) circular, cylindrical, discoid
* (spherical) spherical
* (of corners that lack sharp angles) rounded
* (plump) plump, rotund
* (not lacking) complete, entire, whole
* (of a number) rounded
* (pronounced with the mouth open) rounded
* round angle
, round dozen
, round the clock
, round trip
, rounded vowel}}
A circular or spherical object or part of an object.
*(William Shakespeare) (c.1564–1616)
*:the golden round [the crown]
*(John Milton) (1608-1674)
*:in labyrinth of many a round self-rolled
*:Serene, smiling, enigmatic, she faced him with no fear whatever showing in her dark eyes.She put back a truant curl from her forehead where it had sought egress to the world, and looked him full in the face now, drawing a deep breath which caused the round of her bosom to lift the lace at her throat.
*1955 , (William Golding), , Faber and Faber 2005, p.50:
*:All at once the sun was through, a round of dulled silver, racing slantwise through the clouds yet always staying in the same place.
A circular or repetitious route.
The Mirror and the Lamp
, passage=Edward Churchill still attended to his work in a hopeless mechanical manner like a sleep-walker who walks safely on a well-known round
. But his Roman collar galled him, his cossack stifled him, his biretta was as uncomfortable as a merry-andrew's cap and bells.}}
A general outburst from a group of people at an event.
A song that is sung by groups of people with each subset of people starting at a different time.
A serving of something; a portion of something to each person in a group.
*(Charles Dickens), (Dombey and Son)
*:There is a snaky gleam in her hard grey eye, as of anticipated rounds of buttered toast, relays of hot chops, worryings and quellings of young children, sharp snappings at poor Berry, and all the other delights of her Ogress's castle.
A single individual portion or dose of medicine.
*2009 , Patrick Condon, "Boy with cancer, mom return home", Associated Press, printed in Austin American-Statesman , 2009 May 26, page A4:
*:Daniel underwent one round of chemotherapy in February but stopped after that single treatment, citing religious beliefs.
(lb) A long-bristled, circular-headed paintbrush used in oil and acrylic painting.
A firearm cartridge, bullet, or any individual ammunition projectile. Originally referring to the spherical projectile ball of a smoothbore firearm. Compare round shot and solid shot.
(lb) One of the specified pre-determined segments of the total time of a sport event, such as a boxing or wrestling match, during which contestants compete before being signaled to stop.
*April 19 2002 , Scott Tobias, AV Club Fightville [http://www.avclub.com/articles/fightville,72589/]
*:And though Fightville, an MMA documentary from the directors of the fine Iraq War doc Gunner Palace, presents it more than fairly, the sight of a makeshift ring getting constructed on a Louisiana rodeo ground does little to shake the label. Nor do the shots of ringside assistants with spray bottles and rags, mopping up the blood between rounds
(lb) A stage in a competition.
(lb) In some sports, e.g. golf or showjumping: one complete way around the course.
A rounded relief or cut at an edge, especially an outside edge, added for a finished appearance and to soften sharp edges.
A strip of material with a circular face that covers an edge, gap, or crevice for decorative, sanitary, or security purposes.
(lb) The hindquarters of a bovine.
(lb) A rung, as of a ladder.
*(John Dryden) (1631-1700)
*:All the rounds like Jacob's ladder rise.
*1851 , (Herman Melville), (Moby-Dick) ,
*:The perpendicular parts of this side ladder, as is usually the case with swinging ones, were of cloth-covered rope, only the rounds were of wood, so that at every step there was a joint.
A crosspiece that joins and braces the legs of a chair.
A series of changes or events ending where it began; a series of like events recurring in continuance; a cycle; a periodical revolution.
A course of action or conduct performed by a number of persons in turn, or one after another, as if seated in a circle.
*:Women to cards may be compared: we play / A round or two; which used, we throw away.
*(Matthew Prior) (1664-1721)
*:The feast was served; the bowl was crowned; / To the king's pleasure went the mirthful round .
A series of duties or tasks which must be performed in turn, and then repeated.
*(John Keble) (1792-1866)
*:the trivial round , the common task
A circular dance.
*(John Milton) (1608-1674)
*:Come, knit hands, and beat the ground, / In a light fantastic round .
Rotation, as in office; succession.
A general discharge of firearms by a body of troops in which each soldier fires once.
An assembly; a group; a circle.
A brewer's vessel in which the fermentation is concluded, the yeast escaping through the bunghole.
(lb) A vessel filled, as for drinking.
(lb) A round-top.
A round of beef.
* (song) canon
* (hindquarters of a bovine) rump
* (rounded inside edge) fillet
* round of applause
Alternative form of around.
- I look round the room quickly to make sure it's neat.
- The serpent Error twines round human hearts.
* go round
* look round
* Sir Walter Scott
- The invitations were sent round accordingly.
To shape something into a curve.
* Francis Bacon
- The carpenter rounded the edges of the table.
- Worms with many feet, which round themselves into balls, are bred chiefly under logs of timber.
To become shaped into a curve.
* 1900 , , The House Behind the Cedars , Chapter I,
- The figures on our modern medals are raised and rounded to a very great perfection.
To finish; to complete; to fill out.
- The girl's figure, he perceived, was admirably proportioned; she was evidently at the period when the angles of childhood were rounding into the promising curves of adolescence.
- She rounded out her education with only a single mathematics class.
To approximate a number, especially a decimal number by the closest whole number.
- We are such stuff / As dreams are made on, and our little life / Is rounded with a sleep.
To turn past a boundary.
- Ninety-five rounds up to one hundred.
To turn and attack someone or something (used with on ).
- Helen watched him until he rounded the corner.
(baseball) To advance to home plate.
- As a group of policemen went past him, one of them rounded on him, grabbing him by the arm.
To go round, pass, go past.
- And the runners round the bases on the double by Jones.
, date=March 2
, author=Andy Campbell
, title=Celtic 1 - 0 Rangers
, passage=Diouf rounded
Zaluska near the byeline and crossed but Daniel Majstorovic headed away and Celtic eventually mopped up the danger.}}
To encircle; to encompass.
To grow round or full; hence, to attain to fullness, completeness, or perfection.
- The inclusive verge / Of golden metal that must round my brow.
- The queen your mother rounds apace.
(obsolete) To go round, as a guard; to make the rounds.
- So rounds he to a separate mind, / From whence clear memory may begin.
(obsolete) To go or turn round; to wheel about.
- They nightly rounding walk.
* round off
* round out
* round up
* round down
From (etyl) rounen, from (etyl) . More at (l).
(intransitive, archaic, or, dialectal, Northern England, Scotland) To speak in a low tone; whisper; speak secretly; take counsel.
(transitive, archaic, or, dialectal, Northern England, Scotland) To address or speak to in a whisper, utter in a whisper.
- The Bishop of Glasgow rounding' in his ear, "Ye are not a wise man," he ' rounded likewise to the bishop, and said, "Wherefore brought ye me here?"
From (etyl) roun, from (etyl) .
(archaic, or, dialectal, Northern England, Scotland) A whisper; whispering.
(archaic, or, dialectal, Northern England, Scotland) Discourse; song.