Set vs Round - What's the difference?

set | round |

As a numeral set

is seven.

As an adjective round is

(label) shape.

As a noun round is

a circular or spherical object or part of an object or round can be (archaic|or|dialectal|northern england|scotland) a whisper; whispering.

As a preposition round is

alternative form of around.

As an adverb round is


As a verb round is

to shape something into a curve or round can be (intransitive|archaic|or|dialectal|northern england|scotland) to speak in a low tone; whisper; speak secretly; take counsel.



Etymology 1

* From (etyl) . * From (etyl) .


  • To put (something) down, to rest.
  • To attach or affix (something) to something else, or in or upon a certain place.
  • I have set my heart on running the marathon.
  • * Bible, Genesis iv. 15
  • The Lord set a mark upon Cain.
  • To put in a specified condition or state; to cause to be.
  • * Bible, Deuteronomy xxviii. 1
  • The Lord thy God will set thee on high.
  • * Bible, Matthew x. 35
  • I am come to set a man at variance against his father, and the daughter against her mother.
  • * Coleridge
  • Every incident sets him thinking.
  • (dated) To cause to stop or stick; to obstruct; to fasten to a spot.
  • to set a coach in the mud
  • To determine or settle.
  • To adjust.
  • To punch (a nail) into wood so that its head is below the surface.
  • To arrange with dishes and cutlery.
  • To introduce or describe.
  • *
  • An incident which happened about this time will set the characters of these two lads more fairly before the discerning reader than is in the power of the longest dissertation.
  • To locate (a play, etc.); to assign a backdrop to.
  • To compile, to make (a puzzle or challenge).
  • This crossword was set by Araucaria.
  • To prepare (a stage or film set).
  • To fit (someone) up in a situation.
  • To arrange (type).
  • To devise and assign (work) to.
  • * {{quote-magazine, date=2013-07-19, author=(Peter Wilby)
  • , volume=189, issue=6, page=30, magazine=(The Guardian Weekly) , title= Finland spreads word on schools , passage=Imagine a country where children do nothing but play until they start compulsory schooling at age seven. Then, without exception, they attend comprehensives until the age of 16. Charging school fees is illegal, and so is sorting pupils into ability groups by streaming or setting .}}
  • (volleyball) To direct (the ball) to a teammate for an attack.
  • To solidify.
  • To render stiff or solid; especially, to convert into curd; to curdle.
  • to set milk for cheese
  • Of a heavenly body, to disappear below the horizon of a planet, etc, as the latter rotates.
  • (bridge) To defeat a contract.
  • To begin to move; to go forth.
  • * c. 1599 , (William Shakespeare),
  • The king is set from London, and the scene is now transported, gentles, to Southampton
  • (of fruit) To be fixed for growth; to strike root; to begin to germinate or form.
  • * 1906 , Canada. Dept. of Agriculture. Fruit Branch, Fruit crop report
  • In the Annapolis Valley, in spite of an irregular bloom, the fruit has set well and has, as yet, been little affected by scab.
  • (intransitive, Southern US, Midwestern US, dialects) To sit (be in a seated position).
  • * , chapter=7
  • , title= Mr. Pratt's Patients , passage=Old Applegate, in the stern, just set and looked at me, and Lord James, amidship, waved both arms and kept hollering for help. I took a couple of everlasting big strokes and managed to grab hold of the skiff's rail, close to the stern.}}
  • To hunt game with the aid of a setter.
  • (hunting, ambitransitive) Of a dog, to indicate the position of game.
  • The dog sets the bird.
    Your dog sets well.
  • (obsolete) To apply oneself; to undertake earnestly; to set out.
  • * Hammond
  • If he sets industriously and sincerely to perform the commands of Christ, he can have no ground of doubting but it shall prove successful to him.
  • (ambitransitive) To fit music to words.
  • * Dryden
  • Set thy own songs, and sing them to thy lute.
  • (ambitransitive) To place plants or shoots in the ground; to plant.
  • to set pear trees in an orchard
  • * Old proverb
  • Sow dry, and set wet.
  • To become fixed or rigid; to be fastened.
  • (Francis Bacon)
  • To have a certain direction of motion; to flow; to move on; to tend.
  • The current sets''' to the north; the tide '''sets to the windward.
  • To place or fix in a setting.
  • to set a precious stone in a border of metal
    to set glass in a sash
  • * Dryden
  • And him too rich a jewel to be set / In vulgar metal for a vulgar use.
  • To put in order in a particular manner; to prepare.
  • to set (that is, to hone) a razor
    to set a saw
  • To extend and bring into position; to spread.
  • to set the sails of a ship
  • To give a pitch to, as a tune; to start by fixing the keynote.
  • to set a psalm
  • To reduce from a dislocated or fractured state.
  • to set a broken bone
  • (masonry) To lower into place and fix solidly, as the blocks of cut stone in a structure.
  • (obsolete) To wager in gambling; to risk.
  • * Shakespeare
  • I have set my life upon a cast, / And I will stand the hazard of the die.
  • To adorn with something infixed or affixed; to stud; to variegate with objects placed here and there.
  • * Dryden
  • High on their heads, with jewels richly set , / Each lady wore a radiant coronet.
  • * Wordsworth
  • pastoral dales thin set with modern farms
  • (obsolete) To value; to rate; used with at .
  • * Shakespeare
  • Be you contented, wearing now the garland, / To have a son set your decrees at naught.
  • * Shakespeare
  • I do not set my life at a pin's fee.
  • To establish as a rule; to furnish; to prescribe; to assign.
  • to set''' a good example; to '''set lessons to be learned
  • (Scotland) To suit; to become.
  • It sets him ill.
    Derived terms
    * reset * set about * set against * set ahead * set apart * set-aside * set a spell * set back * set by * set down * set foot * set forth * set forward * set in * set in motion * set in stone * set off * set on * set on a pedestal * set on fire * set one’s heart on * set out * set straight * set the cat among the pigeons * set the scene * set the table * set to * set up


    (wikipedia set) (en noun)
  • A punch for setting nails in wood.
  • nail set
  • A device for receiving broadcast radio waves; a radio or television.
  • television set
  • A sett; a hole made and lived in by a badger.
  • (horticulture) A small tuber or bulb used instead of seed, particularly onion sets and potato sets.
  • The amount the teeth of a saw protrude to the side in order to create the kerf.
  • (obsolete, rare) That which is staked; a wager; hence, a gambling game.
  • * Shakespeare
  • We will in France, by God's grace, play a set / Shall strike his father's crown into the hazard.
  • * Dryden
  • That was but civil war, an equal set .
  • (engineering) Permanent change of shape caused by excessive strain, as from compression, tension, bending, twisting, etc.
  • the set of a spring
  • (piledriving) A piece placed temporarily upon the head of a pile when the latter cannot otherwise be reached by the weight, or hammer.
  • (printing, dated) The width of the body of a type.
  • A young oyster when first attached.
  • Collectively, the crop of young oysters in any locality.
  • A series of, a group of.
  • Adjective

    (en adjective)
  • Fixed in position.
  • * {{quote-magazine, date=2013-07-19, author= Ian Sample
  • , volume=189, issue=6, page=34, magazine=(The Guardian Weekly) , title= Irregular bedtimes may affect children's brains , passage=Irregular bedtimes may disrupt healthy brain development in young children, according to a study of intelligence and sleeping habits.  ¶ Going to bed at a different time each night affected girls more than boys, but both fared worse on mental tasks than children who had a set bedtime, researchers found.}}
  • Rigid, solidified.
  • Ready, prepared.
  • Intent, determined (to do something).
  • Prearranged.
  • Fixed in one’s opinion.
  • (of hair) Fixed in a certain style.
  • Synonyms
    * determined, intent * (prearranged) dictated, prearranged, predetermined, prescribed, specified * (sense, fixed in one's opinion) fixed, rigid

    Derived terms

    * heavyset, heavy-set * nail set * mindset * moonset * offset * outset * photoset * preset * quickset * set-aside * saw set * set back * setback * set chisel * set for life * sethood * set-in * setlist * setter * set-to * sunset * television set * thickset * trendsetter * typeset * unset * upset

    Etymology 2

    From (etyl) set, sete, . See (l).


    (en noun)
  • A young plant fit for setting out; a slip; shoot.
  • A rudimentary fruit.
  • The setting of the sun or other luminary; (by extension) the close of the day.
  • * Tennyson
  • the set of day
  • * Shakespeare
  • The weary sun hath made a golden set .
  • (literally, and, figuratively) General movement; direction; drift; tendency.
  • Here and there, amongst individuals alive to the particular evils of the age, and watching the very set of the current, there may have been even a more systematic counteraction applied to the mischief. — Thomas De Quincey.
  • A matching collection of similar things.
  • a set of tables
  • A collection of various objects for a particular purpose.
  • a set of tools
  • An object made up of several parts.
  • a set of steps
  • (set theory) A collection of zero or more objects, possibly infinite in size, and disregarding any order or repetition of the objects which may be contained within it.
  • Set theory.
  • A group of people, usually meeting socially.
  • the country set
  • The scenery for a film or play.
  • (dance) The initial or basic formation of dancers.
  • (exercise) A group of repetitions of a single exercise performed one after the other without rest.
  • * 1974 , Charles Gaines & George Butler, Pumping Iron: The Art and Sport of Bodybuilding , page 22.
  • This is the fourth set of benchpresses.
  • (tennis) A complete series of games, forming part of a match.
  • (volleyball) A complete series of points, forming part of a match.
  • (volleyball) The act of directing the ball to a teammate for an attack.
  • (music) A musical performance by a band, disc jockey, etc., consisting of several musical pieces.
  • (music) A drum kit, a drum set.
  • He plays the set on Saturdays.
  • (UK, education) A class group in a subject where pupils are divided by ability.
  • * '>citation
  • (poker, slang) Three of a kind]] in poker. In [[w:community card poker, community card games, the term is usually reserved for a situation in which a pair in a player's hand is matched by a single card on the board. Compare with trips''. Weisenberg, Michael (2000) '' The Official Dictionary of Poker. MGI/Mike Caro University. ISBN 978-1880069523
  • Synonyms
    * (close of the day) dusk, eve, evening, sundown, sunset * (general movement) direction, drift, heading, motion, movement, path, tendency, trend * (matching collection of similar things) suite * set theory * club, coterie * (scenery) scenery * (performance of several musical pieces) gig, session * (drum kit) drums, drum kit, drum set * (three of a kind) three of a kind
    * (set theory) multiset, bag
    Derived terms
    * box set * bump set * closed set * country set * crystal set * drop set * empty set * filmset * * jet set * Mandelbrot set * open set * set of pipes * set piece * set point * set theory * subset * twinset * instruction set


  • To divide a class group in a subject according to ability
  • * 2008 , Patricia Murphy, ?Robert McCormick, Knowledge and Practice: Representations and Identities
  • *:In setted' classes, students are brought together because they are believed to be of similar 'ability'. Yet, '''setted lessons are often conducted as though students are not only similar, but ''identical —in terms of ability, preferred learning style and pace of working.
  • * 2002 , Jo Boaler, Experiencing School Mathematics: Traditional and Reform Approaches and Their Impact on Student Learning
  • *:At Amber Hill, setting was a high-profile concept, and the students were frequently reminded of the set to which they belonged.
  • References





    (wikipedia round)

    Etymology 1

    From (etyl) ront, runt ( > French rond), representing an earlier , from (etyl) rotundus ( > Italian rotondo, Provençal redon, Spanish redondo etc.). The noun developed partly from the adjective and partly from the corresponding (etyl) noun rond. Compare rotund and rotunda.


  • (label) Shape.
  • # Circular or cylindrical; having a circular cross-section in one direction.
  • # Spherical; shaped like a ball; having a circular cross-section in more than one direction.
  • # Lacking sharp angles; having gentle curves.
  • # Plump.
  • #*
  • #*:If I close my eyes I can see Marie today as I saw her then. Round , rosy face, snub nose, dark hair piled up in a chignon.
  • Complete, whole, not lacking.
  • * (1809-1892)
  • Round was their pace at first, but slackened soon.
  • (label) Convenient for ing other numbers to; for example, ending in a zero.
  • (label) Pronounced with the lips drawn together.
  • Outspoken; plain and direct; unreserved; not mincing.
  • * (Matthew Arnold) (1822-1888)
  • the round assertion
  • * (William Shakespeare) (1564-1616)
  • Sir Toby, I must be round with you.
  • Finished; polished; not defective or abrupt; said of authors or their writing style.
  • * (Henry Peacham) (1578-c.1644)
  • In his satires Horace is quick, round , and pleasant.
  • Consistent; fair; just; applied to conduct.
  • * (Francis Bacon) (1561-1626)
  • Round dealing is the honour of man's nature.
    * (circular) circular, cylindrical, discoid * (spherical) spherical * (of corners that lack sharp angles) rounded * (plump) plump, rotund * (not lacking) complete, entire, whole * (of a number) rounded * (pronounced with the mouth open) rounded
    Derived terms
    * round angle
    Derived terms
    {{der3, roundabout , round dozen , round-table , round the clock , round trip , rounded vowel}}


    (en noun)
  • A circular or spherical object or part of an object.
  • *(William Shakespeare) (c.1564–1616)
  • *:the golden round [the crown]
  • *(John Milton) (1608-1674)
  • *:in labyrinth of many a round self-rolled
  • *
  • *:Serene, smiling, enigmatic, she faced him with no fear whatever showing in her dark eyes.She put back a truant curl from her forehead where it had sought egress to the world, and looked him full in the face now, drawing a deep breath which caused the round of her bosom to lift the lace at her throat.
  • *1955 , (William Golding), , Faber and Faber 2005, p.50:
  • *:All at once the sun was through, a round of dulled silver, racing slantwise through the clouds yet always staying in the same place.
  • A circular or repetitious route.
  • :
  • :
  • *, chapter=15
  • , title= The Mirror and the Lamp , passage=Edward Churchill still attended to his work in a hopeless mechanical manner like a sleep-walker who walks safely on a well-known round . But his Roman collar galled him, his cossack stifled him, his biretta was as uncomfortable as a merry-andrew's cap and bells.}}
  • A general outburst from a group of people at an event.
  • :
  • A song that is sung by groups of people with each subset of people starting at a different time.
  • A serving of something; a portion of something to each person in a group.
  • :
  • *(Charles Dickens), (Dombey and Son)
  • *:There is a snaky gleam in her hard grey eye, as of anticipated rounds of buttered toast, relays of hot chops, worryings and quellings of young children, sharp snappings at poor Berry, and all the other delights of her Ogress's castle.
  • A single individual portion or dose of medicine.
  • *2009 , Patrick Condon, "Boy with cancer, mom return home", Associated Press, printed in Austin American-Statesman , 2009 May 26, page A4:
  • *:Daniel underwent one round of chemotherapy in February but stopped after that single treatment, citing religious beliefs.
  • (lb) A long-bristled, circular-headed paintbrush used in oil and acrylic painting.
  • A firearm cartridge, bullet, or any individual ammunition projectile. Originally referring to the spherical projectile ball of a smoothbore firearm. Compare round shot and solid shot.
  • (lb) One of the specified pre-determined segments of the total time of a sport event, such as a boxing or wrestling match, during which contestants compete before being signaled to stop.
  • *April 19 2002 , Scott Tobias, AV Club Fightville [,72589/]
  • *:And though Fightville, an MMA documentary from the directors of the fine Iraq War doc Gunner Palace, presents it more than fairly, the sight of a makeshift ring getting constructed on a Louisiana rodeo ground does little to shake the label. Nor do the shots of ringside assistants with spray bottles and rags, mopping up the blood between rounds
  • (lb) A stage in a competition.
  • :
  • (lb) In some sports, e.g. golf or showjumping: one complete way around the course.
  • A rounded relief or cut at an edge, especially an outside edge, added for a finished appearance and to soften sharp edges.
  • A strip of material with a circular face that covers an edge, gap, or crevice for decorative, sanitary, or security purposes.
  • :
  • (lb) The hindquarters of a bovine.
  • (lb) A rung, as of a ladder.
  • *(John Dryden) (1631-1700)
  • *:All the rounds like Jacob's ladder rise.
  • *1851 , (Herman Melville), (Moby-Dick) ,
  • *:The perpendicular parts of this side ladder, as is usually the case with swinging ones, were of cloth-covered rope, only the rounds were of wood, so that at every step there was a joint.
  • A crosspiece that joins and braces the legs of a chair.
  • A series of changes or events ending where it began; a series of like events recurring in continuance; a cycle; a periodical revolution.
  • :
  • A course of action or conduct performed by a number of persons in turn, or one after another, as if seated in a circle.
  • * (1666-1735)
  • *:Women to cards may be compared: we play / A round or two; which used, we throw away.
  • *(Matthew Prior) (1664-1721)
  • *:The feast was served; the bowl was crowned; / To the king's pleasure went the mirthful round .
  • A series of duties or tasks which must be performed in turn, and then repeated.
  • *(John Keble) (1792-1866)
  • *:the trivial round , the common task
  • A circular dance.
  • *(John Milton) (1608-1674)
  • *:Come, knit hands, and beat the ground, / In a light fantastic round .
  • Rotation, as in office; succession.
  • :(Holyday)
  • A general discharge of firearms by a body of troops in which each soldier fires once.
  • An assembly; a group; a circle.
  • :
  • A brewer's vessel in which the fermentation is concluded, the yeast escaping through the bunghole.
  • (lb) A vessel filled, as for drinking.
  • (lb) A round-top.
  • A round of beef.
  • Synonyms
    * (song) canon * (hindquarters of a bovine) rump
    * (rounded inside edge) fillet
    Derived terms
    * round of applause


    (English prepositions)
  • Alternative form of around.
  • I look round the room quickly to make sure it's neat.
  • * Cowper
  • The serpent Error twines round human hearts.
    Derived terms
    * go round * look round


  • * Sir Walter Scott
  • The invitations were sent round accordingly.


  • To shape something into a curve.
  • The carpenter rounded the edges of the table.
  • * Francis Bacon
  • Worms with many feet, which round themselves into balls, are bred chiefly under logs of timber.
  • * Addison
  • The figures on our modern medals are raised and rounded to a very great perfection.
  • To become shaped into a curve.
  • * 1900 , , The House Behind the Cedars , Chapter I,
  • The girl's figure, he perceived, was admirably proportioned; she was evidently at the period when the angles of childhood were rounding into the promising curves of adolescence.
  • To finish; to complete; to fill out.
  • She rounded out her education with only a single mathematics class.
  • * Shakespeare
  • We are such stuff / As dreams are made on, and our little life / Is rounded with a sleep.
  • To approximate a number, especially a decimal number by the closest whole number.
  • Ninety-five rounds up to one hundred.
  • To turn past a boundary.
  • Helen watched him until he rounded the corner.
  • To turn and attack someone or something (used with on ).
  • As a group of policemen went past him, one of them rounded on him, grabbing him by the arm.
  • (baseball) To advance to home plate.
  • And the runners round the bases on the double by Jones.
  • To go round, pass, go past.
  • * {{quote-news
  • , year=2011 , date=March 2 , author=Andy Campbell , title=Celtic 1 - 0 Rangers , work=BBC citation , page= , passage=Diouf rounded Zaluska near the byeline and crossed but Daniel Majstorovic headed away and Celtic eventually mopped up the danger.}}
  • To encircle; to encompass.
  • * Shakespeare
  • The inclusive verge / Of golden metal that must round my brow.
  • To grow round or full; hence, to attain to fullness, completeness, or perfection.
  • * Shakespeare
  • The queen your mother rounds apace.
  • * Tennyson
  • So rounds he to a separate mind, / From whence clear memory may begin.
  • (obsolete) To go round, as a guard; to make the rounds.
  • * Milton
  • They nightly rounding walk.
  • (obsolete) To go or turn round; to wheel about.
  • (Tennyson)
    Derived terms
    * round off * round out * round up * round down

    See also

    * 'round

    Etymology 2

    From (etyl) rounen, from (etyl) . More at (l).


    (en verb)
  • (intransitive, archaic, or, dialectal, Northern England, Scotland) To speak in a low tone; whisper; speak secretly; take counsel.
  • (transitive, archaic, or, dialectal, Northern England, Scotland) To address or speak to in a whisper, utter in a whisper.
  • (Shakespeare)
  • * Calderwood
  • The Bishop of Glasgow rounding' in his ear, "Ye are not a wise man," he ' rounded likewise to the bishop, and said, "Wherefore brought ye me here?"

    Etymology 3

    From (etyl) roun, from (etyl) .


    (en noun)
  • (archaic, or, dialectal, Northern England, Scotland) A whisper; whispering.
  • (archaic, or, dialectal, Northern England, Scotland) Discourse; song.