Without reason or intelligence (of animals).
Characteristic of unthinking animals; senseless, unreasoning (of humans).
- a brute beast
Being unconnected with intelligence or thought; purely material, senseless.
- A creature not prone / And brute as other creatures, but endued / With sanctity of reason.
* Sir Walter Scott
- the brute''' earth; the '''brute powers of nature
Strong, blunt, and spontaneous.
- a great brute farmer from Liddesdale
Brutal; cruel; fierce; ferocious; savage; pitiless.
- I punched him with brute force.
- brute violence
* 1714 , (Bernard Mandeville), The Fable of the Bees :
* 1946 , (Bertrand Russell), History of Western Philosophy , I.17:
- they laid before them how unbecoming it was the Dignity of such sublime Creatures to be sollicitous about gratifying those Appetites, which they had in common with Brutes , and at the same time unmindful of those higher qualities that gave them the preeminence over all visible Beings.
A person with the characteristics of an unthinking animal; a coarse or brutal person.
- But if he lives badly, he will, in the next life, be a woman; if he (or she) persists in evil-doing, he (or she) will become a brute , and go on through transmigrations until at last reason conquers.
- One of them was a hulking brute of a man, heavily tattooed and with a hardened face that practically screamed "I just got out of jail."
(archaic, slang, UK, Cambridge University) One who has not yet matriculated.
- She was frankly disappointed. For some reason she had thought to discover a burglar of one or another accepted type—either a dashing cracksman in full-blown evening dress, lithe, polished, pantherish, or a common yegg, a red-eyed, unshaven burly brute in the rags and tatters of a tramp.
* brute force
* (colloquial) ruff
Having a texture that has much friction. Not smooth; uneven.
* 1922 , (Virginia Woolf), (w, Jacob's Room) Chapter 1
Approximate; hasty or careless; not finished.
- The rock was one of those tremendously solid brown, or rather black, rocks which emerge from the sand like something primitive. Rough with crinkled limpet shells and sparsely strewn with locks of dry seaweed, a small boy has to stretch his legs far apart, and indeed to feel rather heroic, before he gets to the top.
- a rough''' estimate; a '''rough sketch of a building
- The sea was rough .
- Being a teenager nowadays can be rough .
Violent; not careful or subtle
- His manners are a bit rough , but he means well.
Loud and hoarse; offensive to the ear; harsh; grating.
- This box has been through some rough handling.
- a rough''' tone; a '''rough voice
Not polished; uncut; said of a gem.
- (Alexander Pope)
- a rough diamond
- rough wine
The unmowed part of a golf course.
A rude fellow; a coarse bully; a rowdy.
(cricket) A scuffed and roughened area of the pitch, where the bowler's feet fall, used as a target by spin bowlers because of its unpredictable bounce.
The raw material from which faceted or cabochon gems are created.
A quick sketch, similar to a thumbnail, but larger and more detailed. Meant for artistic brainstorming and a vital step in the design process.
(obsolete) Boisterous weather.
To create in an approximate form.
To physically assault someone in retribution.
- Rough in the shape first, then polish the details.
(ice hockey) To commit the offense of roughing, i.e. to punch another player.
To render rough; to roughen.
To break in (a horse, etc.), especially for military purposes.
- The gangsters roughed him up a little.
In a rough manner; rudely; roughly.
* Sir Walter Scott
- Sleeping rough on the trenches, and dying stubbornly in their boats.
* bit of rough
* diamond in the rough
* rough and ready
* rough in
* rough out
* rough up