(transitive, or, intransitive, or, ergative) To cook food by heating in an oven or over a fire without covering, resulting in a crisp, possibly even slightly charred appearance.
To cook by surrounding with hot embers, ashes, sand, etc.
- to roast meat on a spit
* Francis Bacon
- to roast a potato in ashes
(transitive, or, intransitive, or, ergative) To process by drying through exposure to sun or artificial heat
- In eggs boiled and roasted there is scarce difference to be discerned.
- Coffee beans need roasting before use.
To heat to excess; to heat violently; to burn.
- to roast chestnuts or peanuts
(figuratively) To admonish someone vigorously
- roasted in wrath and fire
(figuratively) To subject to bantering, severely criticize, sometimes as a comedy routine.
- I’m late home for the fourth time this week; my mate will really roast me this time.
(metalworking) To dissipate by heat the volatile parts of, as ores.
- The class clown enjoys being roasted by mates as well as staff.
* (to cook) bake, boil, broil, fry, grill, poach, toast
* roasting ear
* roasting jack
A cut of meat suited to roasting
A meal consisting of roast foods.
The degree to which something, especially coffee, is roasted.
(Originally fraternal) A comical event where a person is subjected to verbal attack, yet may be praised by sarcasm and jokes.
- Dark roast''' means that the coffee bean has been roasted to a higher temperature and for a longer period of time than in light '''roast .
* nut roast
having been cooked by roasting
(figuratively) subjected to roasting, bantered, severely criticized
To burn the surface of, to scorch.
To roast, as dry grain.
* Bible, Leviticus xxiii. 14
- The sun today could parch cement.
To dry to extremity; to shrivel with heat.
- Ye shall eat neither bread, nor parched corn.
(colloquial) To make thirsty.
- The patient's mouth is parched from fever.
(archaic) To boil something slowly (Still used in Lancashire in , a type of mushy peas ).
To become superficially burnt; be become sunburned.
- We're parched , hon. Could you send up an ale from the cooler?
- The locals watched, amused, as the tourists parched in the sun, having neglected to apply sunscreen or bring water.
The condition of being parched.
* 1982 , (TC Boyle), Water Music , Penguin 2006, p. 64:
- Yet here he is, not at the head, but somewhere toward the rear of the serpentine queue wending its way through all this parch […].