Stand vs Retain - What's the difference?

stand | retain |

As a noun stand

is stall, booth, bench, stand (place to sell items or make deals).

As a verb retain is

to keep in possession or use.




  • (lb) To or be positioned physically.
  • #(lb) To support oneself on the feet in an erect position.
  • #:
  • #*
  • , title=(The Celebrity), chapter=5 , passage=Then came a maid with hand-bag and shawls, and after her a tall young lady. She stood for a moment holding her skirt above the grimy steps,
  • #(lb) To rise to one’s feet; to stand up.
  • #:
  • # To remain motionless.
  • #:
  • #*Bible, (w) ii, 9
  • #*:The star, which they saw in the east, went before them, till it came and stood over where the young child was.
  • #*, chapter=23
  • , title= The Mirror and the Lamp , passage=The slightest effort made the patient cough. He would stand leaning on a stick and holding a hand to his side, and when the paroxysm had passed it left him shaking.}}
  • #*
  • #*:Turning back, then, toward the basement staircase, she began to grope her way through blinding darkness, but had taken only a few uncertain steps when, of a sudden, she stopped short and for a little stood like a stricken thing, quite motionless save that she quaked to her very marrow in the grasp of a great and enervating fear.
  • #(lb) To be placed in an upright or vertical orientation.
  • #*
  • #*:They burned the old gun that used to stand in the dark corner up in the garret, close to the stuffed fox that always grinned so fiercely. Perhaps the reason why he seemed in such a ghastly rage was that he did not come by his death fairly. Otherwise his pelt would not have been so perfect.
  • #*
  • #*:He seized the gun which always stood in a corner of his bedroom.
  • #(lb) To place in an upright or standing position.
  • #:
  • #(lb) To occupy or hold a place; to be situated or located.
  • #:
  • #(lb) To measure when erect on the feet.
  • #* (1809-1892)
  • #*:Six feet two, as I think, he stands .
  • (lb) To or be positioned mentally.
  • # To be positioned to gain or lose.
  • #:
  • # To tolerate.
  • #:
  • #*, chapter=7
  • , title= Mr. Pratt's Patients , passage=“[…] if you call my duds a ‘livery’ again there'll be trouble. It's bad enough to go around togged out like a life saver on a drill day, but I can stand' that 'cause I'm paid for it. What I won't ' stand is to have them togs called a livery.
  • #(lb) To maintain one's ground; to be acquitted; not to fail or yield; to be safe.
  • #*Spectator
  • #*:readers by whose judgment I would stand or fall
  • #(lb) To maintain an invincible or permanent attitude; to be fixed, steady, or firm; to take a position in resistance or opposition.
  • #*Bible, (w) viii. 11
  • #*:The king granted the Jewsto gather themselves together, and to stand for their life.
  • #*(Robert South) (1634–1716)
  • #*:the standing pattern of their imitation
  • # To be in some particular state; to have essence or being; to be; to consist.
  • #*Bible, (w) ix. 10
  • #*:sacrificeswhich stood only in meats and drinks
  • #*(John Dryden) (1631-1700)
  • #*:Accomplish what your signs foreshow; / I stand resigned, and am prepared to go.
  • #*Sir (Walter Scott) (1771-1832)
  • #*:Thou seest how it stands with me, and that I may not tarry.
  • (lb) To or be positioned socially.
  • # To act as an umpire.
  • #(lb) To undergo; withstand; hold up.
  • #:
  • #*(John Dryden) (1631-1700)
  • #*:Love stood the siege.
  • #*(Joseph Addison) (1672-1719)
  • #*:Bid him disband his legions,/ And stand the judgment of a Roman senate.
  • #*(Alexander Pope) (1688-1744)
  • #*:He stood the furious foe.
  • # To seek election.
  • #:
  • #*(Izaak Walton) (c.1594-1683)
  • #*:He stood to be elected one of the proctors of the university.
  • #(lb) To be valid.
  • #:
  • #(lb) To oppose, usually as a team, in competition.
  • #*1957 , (Matt Christopher), Basketball Sparkplug , Ch.7:
  • #*:"Kim, Jack, and I will stand you guys," Jimmie Burdette said. ¶ "We'll smear you!" laughed Ron.
  • #* R. J. Childerhose, Hockey Fever in Goganne Falls , p.95:
  • #*:The game stopped while sides were sorted out. Andy did the sorting. "Okay," he said. "Jimmy is coming out. He and Gaston and Ike and me will stand you guys."
  • #*1978 , (Louis Sachar), Sideways Stories from Wayside School , Ch.21:
  • #*:"Hey, Louis," Dameon shouted. "Do you want to play kickball?" ¶ ""All right," said Louis. "Ron and I will both play."¶ "Ron and I will stand everybody!" Louis announced.
  • #To cover the expense of; to pay for.
  • #:
  • #:(Thackeray)
  • #(lb) To have or maintain a position, order, or rank; to be in a particular relation.
  • #:
  • #(lb) To be consistent; to agree; to accord.
  • #*(Philip Massinger) (1583-1640)
  • #*:Doubt me not; by heaven, I will do nothing / But what may stand with honour.
  • #(lb) To appear in court.
  • #:(Burrill)
  • Of a ship or its captain, to steer, sail (in a specified direction, for a specified destination etc.).
  • *1630 , John Smith, True Travels , in Kupperman 1988, p.40:
  • *:To repaire his defects, hee stood for the coast of Calabria, but hearing there was six or seven Galleyes at Mesina hee departed thence for Malta.
  • (lb) To remain without ruin or injury.
  • *(John Dryden) (1631-1700)
  • *:My mind on its own centre stands unmoved.
  • *(Lord Byron) (1788-1824)
  • *:The ruin'd wall / Stands when its wind-worn battlements are gone.
  • (lb) To stop asking for more cards.
  • Usage notes

    * In older works, standen is found as a past participle of this verb; it is now archaic. * (tolerate) This is almost always found in a negative form such as can’t stand', or ' No-one can stand… In this sense it is a catenative verb that takes the gerund (term) or infinitive . See .

    Derived terms

    * bestand * offstand * a leg to stand on * stand alone/stand-alone * stand aside * stand and deliver * stand back * stand by * stand corrected * stand down * stand easy * stand firm * stand for * stand from under * stand guard * stand off/stand-off * stand on * stand on ceremony * stand out * stand over * stand-in * stand in for * * stand on end * * stand pat * stand still * stand tall * stand to reason * stand watch * stand up/stand-up/standup * understand * upstand


    (en noun)
  • The act of standing.
  • *Spectator
  • *:I took my stand upon an eminenceto look into their several ladings.
  • A defensive position or effort. (rfex)
  • A resolute, unwavering position; firm opinion; action for a purpose in the face of opposition.
  • :
  • A period of performance in a given location or venue.
  • :
  • A device to hold something upright or aloft.
  • :
  • *
  • *:There was a neat hat-and-umbrella stand , and the stranger's weary feet fell soft on a good, serviceable dark-red drugget, which matched in colour the flock-paper on the walls.
  • The platform on which a witness testifies in court; the witness stand or witness box.
  • :
  • A particular grove or other group of trees or shrubs.
  • :
  • (lb) A contiguous group of trees sufficiently uniform in age-class distribution, composition, and structure, and growing on a site of sufficiently uniform quality, to be a distinguishable unit.
  • A standstill, a motionless state, as of someone confused, or a hunting dog who has found game.
  • *1625 , (Francis Bacon), “Of Truth”, Essays
  • *:One of the later school of the Grecians, examineth the matter, and is at a stand , to think what should be in it, that men should love lies; where neither they make for pleasure, as with poets, nor for advantage, as with the merchant; but for the lie’s sake.
  • *1819 , (Lord Byron), , I.168:
  • *:Antonia's patience now was at a stand — / "Come, come, 't is no time now for fooling there," / She whispered
  • A small building, booth, or stage, as in a bandstand or hamburger stand.
  • A designated spot where someone or something may stand or wait.
  • :(ux)
  • *(William Shakespeare) (c.1564–1616)
  • *:I have found you out a stand most fit, / Where you may have such vantage on the duke, / He shall not pass you.
  • The situation of a shop, store, hotel, etc.
  • :
  • (lb) grandstand (often in plural)
  • *{{quote-news, year=2011, date=November 11, author=Rory Houston, work=RTE Sport
  • , title= Estonia 0-4 Republic of Ireland , passage=The end of the opening period was relatively quite [sic] as Vassiljev's desperate shot from well outside the penalty area flew into the stand housing the Irish supporters and then Ward's ctoss [sic] was gathered by goalkeeper Pareiko.}}
  • (lb) A partnership.
  • *{{quote-news, year=2012, date=May 21, author=Tom Fordyce, work=BBC Sport
  • , title= England v West Indies: Hosts cruise home in Lord's Test , passage=England wrapped up a five-wicket victory in the first Test as a stand of 132 between Alastair Cook and Ian Bell saw off an early West Indies charge.}}
  • A single set, as of arms.
  • *1927 , Herbert Asbury, The Gangs of New York: An Informal History of the Underworld , Paragon House (1990), ISBN 1-55778-348-9, p.170:
  • *:The police and troops captured eleven thousand stand of arms, including muskets and pistols, together with several thousand bludgeons and other weapons.
  • (lb) Rank; post; station; standing.
  • *(Samuel Daniel) (1562-1619)
  • *:Father, since your fortune did attain / So high a stand , I mean not to descend.
  • (lb) A state of perplexity or embarrassment.
  • :
  • A young tree, usually reserved when other trees are cut; also, a tree growing or standing upon its own root, in distinction from one produced from a scion set in a stock, either of the same or another kind of tree.
  • (lb) A weight of from two hundred and fifty to three hundred pounds, used in weighing pitch.
  • (Webster 1913)

    Derived terms

    (Terms derived from the noun "stand") * at a stand * bandstand * bicycle stand * blow this pop stand * clamp stand * coat stand * concessions stand * cruet stand * dish stand * grandstand * home stand * kickstand * music stand * one-night stand * outstanding * retort stand * ring stand * Sheffield stand * stable stand * standout * standpoint * standstill * take a firm stand * take a stand * take the stand * taxi stand * track stand * umbrella stand * upstanding * witness stand






    (en verb)
  • To keep in possession or use.
  • * Milton
  • Be obedient, and retain / Unalterably firm his love entire.
  • * 1856 : (Gustave Flaubert), (Madame Bovary), Part III Chapter XI, translated by Eleanor Marx-Aveling
  • A strange thing was that Bovary, while continually thinking of Emma, was forgetting her. He grew desperate as he felt this image fading from his memory in spite of all efforts to retain it. Yet every night he dreamt of her; it was always the same dream. He drew near her, but when he was about to clasp her she fell into decay in his arms.
  • * {{quote-book, year=1963, author=(Margery Allingham)
  • , title=(The China Governess) , chapter=1 citation , passage=The original family who had begun to build a palace to rival Nonesuch had died out before they had put up little more than the gateway, so that the actual structure which had come down to posterity retained the secret magic of a promise rather than the overpowering splendour of a great architectural achievement.}}
  • To keep in one's pay or service.
  • * Addison
  • A Benedictine convent has now retained the most learned father of their order to write in its defence.
  • To employ by paying a retainer.
  • To hold secure.
  • (obsolete) To restrain; to prevent.
  • (obsolete) To belong; to pertain.
  • * Boyle
  • A somewhat languid relish, retaining to bitterness.


    * keep


    * *