(sciences) A standard measure of a quantity.
The number one.
- The centimetre is a unit of length.
An organized group comprising people and/or equipment.
- This pill provides 500 units of Vitamin E.
(military, informal) A member of a military organization.
- He was a member of a special police unit .
(US, military) Any military element whose structure is prescribed by competent authority, such as a table of organization and equipment; specifically, part of an organization
- The fifth tank brigade moved in with 20 units .'' (''i.e., 20 tanks )
[Joint Publication 1-02 U.S. Department of Defense Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms; 12 April 2001 (As Amended Through 14 April 2006). ].
(US, military) An organization title of a subdivision of a group in a task force .
(US, military) A standard or basic quantity into which an item of supply is divided, issued or used. In this meaning, also called unit of issue .
(US, military) With regard to Reserve Components of the Armed Forces, denotes a Selected Reserve unit organized, equipped, and trained for mobilization to serve on active duty as a unit or to augment or be augmented by another unit. Headquarters and support functions without wartime missions are not considered units .
(algebra) An element of a ring having a multiplicative inverse. (Formerly just the identity element 1R of a ring.)
(geology) A volume of rock or ice of identifiable origin and age range that is defined by the distinctive and dominant, easily mapped and recognizable petrographic, lithologic or paleontologic features (facies) that characterize it.
(commerce) An item which may be sold singly.
(UK, electricity) One kilowatt-hour (as recorded on an electricity meter).
(Australia, New Zealand) a measure of housing equivalent to the living quarters of one household, an apartment where a group of apartments is contained in one or more multi-storied buildings or a group of dwellings is in one or more single storey buildings, usually arranged around a driveway.
(historical) A gold coin of the reign of James I, worth twenty shillings.
- We shipped nearly twice as many units this month as last month.
* (identity element) identity element, unit element
For each unit.
(mathematics) Having a size or magnitude of one.
* 1990 , William W. S. Wei, Time Series Analysis , ISBN 0201159112, page 9:
- We have to keep our unit costs down if we want to make a profit.
- Consider the following time sequence
- where is a random variable with a zero mean and a unit variance and is a random variable with a uniform distribution on the interval independent of .
* construction unit
* tractor unit
* unit aircraft
* unit cost
* unit combat readiness
* unit commitment status
* unit designation list
(uncountable) an attitude of consideration or high
- He is an intellectual giant, and I have great respect for him.
(uncountable) good opinion, honor, or admiration
(uncountable, always plural) Polite greetings, often offered as condolences after a death.
- we do respect people for their dignity and worth.
(countable) a particular aspect of something
- The mourners paid their last respects to the deceased poet.
- This year's model is superior to last year's in several respects .
* Adjectives often applied to "respect": great, high, utmost, absolute
* (attitude of consideration) deference, consideration, regard, fealty
* (good opinion) admiration, esteem, reverence, regard, recognition, veneration, honor
* (aspect) aspect, facet, face, side, dimension
* disrespect (note: also has verb meaning)
* final respects
* in many respects
* last respects
* with respect to
to have respect for.
to have regard for something, to observe a custom, practice, rule or right
- She is an intellectual giant, and I respect her greatly.
to abide by an agreement.
- I respect your right to hold that belief, although I think it is nonsense.
To take notice of; to regard as worthy of special consideration; to heed.
- They failed to respect the treaty they had signed, and invaded.
* Francis Bacon
- Thou respectest not spilling Edward's blood.
To relate to; to be concerned with.
* J. Lee
- In orchards and gardens, we do not so much respect beauty as variety of ground for fruits, trees, and herbs.
(obsolete) To regard; to consider; to deem.
* Ben Jonson
- Glandulation respects the secretory vessels, which are either glandules, follicles, or utricles.
(obsolete) To look toward; to face.
* Sir Thomas Browne
- To whom my father gave this name of Gaspar, / And as his own respected him to death.
- Palladius adviseth, the front of his house should so respect the South
It is possible that a confusion between the different meanings of respect affects the attitudes of people and organizations. For example:
* The freedom of religion implies that we must
respect protect the right of anyone to believe whatever they wish, to act within the law in accordance with their beliefs, and not to be discriminated against on account of their beliefs.
:* Changes in the use of the word respect seems to have shifted our attitudes towards the quite different notion that we must behave respectfully politely towards their beliefs, and not criticize them.
:* This is a restriction on freedom of speech, and is inherently hypocritical—anyone with any view on religion must necessarily believe that those who believe differently are deluded, although their rights must be respected observed.
The distinction between the two meanings can be shown by paraphrasing Voltaire: "I totally disrespect what you say, but absolutely respect your right to say it. "
* disrespect (note: also has noun meaning)