As nouns the difference between artifact and relics
is that artifact
is an object made or shaped by human hand while relics
An object made or shaped by human hand.
(archaeology) An object, such as a tool, weapon or ornament, of archaeological or historical interest, especially such an object found at an archaeological excavation.
Something viewed as a product of human conception or agency rather than an inherent element.
* "The very act of looking at a naked model was an artifact of male supremacy" (Philip Weiss).
A structure or finding in an experiment or investigation that is not a true feature of the object under observation, but is a result of external action, the test arrangement, or an experimental error.
- The dig produced many Roman artifacts .
An object made or shaped by some agent or intelligence, not necessarily of direct human origin.
(computing) A perceptible distortion that appears in a digital image, audio or video file as a result of applying a lossy compression algorithm.
- The spot on his lung turned out to be an artifact of the X-ray process.
- This JPEG image has been so highly compressed that it has too many unsightly compression artifacts , making it unsuitable for the cover of our magazine.
* "artefact" is the preferred spelling in Australia’s Macquarie Dictionary'', with ''artifact listed as a variant.
* "artifact" is preferred by the Oxford English Dictionary and most American dictionaries.