To confuse; to mix up; to puzzle.
, date=June 29
, author=Kevin Mitchell
, title=Roger Federer back from Wimbledon 2012 brink to beat Julien Benneteau
, work=the Guardian
, passage=The fightback when it came was in the Federer fashion: unfussy, filled with classy strokes from the back with perfectly timed interventions at the net that confounded
his opponent. The third set passed in a bit of a blur, the fourth, which led to the second tie-break, was the most dramatic of the match. }}
* 1830 , , i, 34,
To fail to see the difference; to mix up; to confuse right and wrong.
* 1651 (Latin edition 1642), ,
- And the brother of Jared being a large and mighty man, and a man highly favored of the Lord, Jared, his brother, said unto him: Cry unto the Lord, that he will not confound us that we may not understand our words.
To make something worse.
- Hey who lesse seriously consider the force of words, doe sometimes confound' Law with Counsell, sometimes with Covenant, sometimes with Right. They ' confound Law with Counsell, who think, that it is the duty of Monarchs not onely to give ear to their Counsellours, but also to obey them, as though it were in vaine to take Counsell, unlesse it were also followed.
* 1983 , Carol M. Anderson, Susan Stewart, Mastering Resistance: A Practical Guide to Family Therapy ,
- Don't confound the situation by yelling.
To cause to be ashamed; to abash.
- While she had obeyed him, smiling sweetly all the time, she had nursed a growing resentment of what she called his "Latin American macho attitude." To confound the problem, his mother, who lived with them on and off, was described by the wife as being as domineering as her son.
To defeat, to frustrate, to thwart.
* 1769 , King James Bible, Oxford Standard text, , i, 27,
- His actions confounded the skeptics.
* Traditional, date and author unknown, ,
- But God hath chosen the foolish things of the world to confound' the wise; and God hath chosen the weak things of the world to ' confound the things which are mighty;
* 1848 February 12, ,
- O Lord, our God, arise, / Scatter thine enemies, / And make them fall / Confound their politics, / Frustrate their knavish tricks, / On thee our hopes we fix: / God save us all.
(dated) To damn (a mild oath ).
- I am now, in order the better to confound your politics, going to give you a true account of the means we intend to use, and of the rules, signs, and pass-words of our new United Irish Society Lodge A. 1.—They are so simple that you will never believe them.
- Confound you!
* 1882 , '' in ''The Gully of Bluemansdyke and Other Stories ,
- Confound the lady!
- "Number 43 is no better, Doctor," said the head-warder, in a slightly reproachful accent, looking in round the corner of my door.
*1877 , (Anna Sewell), (Black Beauty) Chapter 23[http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Black_Beauty/23]
*:"Confound these bearing reins!" he said to himself; "I thought we should have some mischief soon—master will be sorely vexed;
(archaic) To bring to ruination.
To stun, amaze
- "Confound 43!" I responded from behind the pages of the Australian Sketcher .
* mix up
(statistics) a confounding variable
(onomatopoeia) a sound made by loose objects shaking or vibrating against one another.
- I wish they would fix the rattle under my dashboard.
A baby's toy designed to make sound when shaken, usually containing loose grains or pellets in a hollow container.
* Alexander Pope
- The rattle of a drum.
A device that makes a rattling sound such as put on an animal so its location can be heard.
A musical instrument that makes a rattling sound.
* Sir Walter Raleigh
- Pleased with a rattle , tickled with a straw.
(dated) Noisy, rapid talk.
- The rattles of Isis and the cymbals of Brasilea nearly enough resemble each other.
(dated) A noisy, senseless talker; a jabberer.
- All this ado about the golden age is but an empty rattle and frivolous conceit.
A scolding; a sharp rebuke.
- It may seem strange that a man who wrote with so much perspicuity, vivacity, and grace, should have been, whenever he took a part in conversation, an empty, noisy, blundering rattle .
(zoology) Any organ of an animal having a structure adapted to produce a rattling sound.
The noise in the throat produced by the air in passing through mucus which the lungs are unable to expel; death rattle.
- The rattle of the rattlesnake is composed of the hardened terminal scales, loosened in succession, but not cast off, and modified in form so as to make a series of loose, hollow joints.
* spring a rattle
* yellow rattle (plant)
(ergative) To create a rattling sound by shaking or striking.
- to rattle a chain
- Rattle the can of cat treats if you need to find Fluffy.
, date=February 5
, author=Michael Kevin Darling
, title=Tottenham 2 - 1 Bolton
, passage=It was a deflating end to the drama for the hosts and they appeared ruffled, with Bolton going close to a leveller when Johan Elmander rattled
the bar with a header from Matt Taylor's cross.}}
(informal) To scare, startle, unsettle, or unnerve.
* 2014 , Richard Rae, "
- "Tut!" said old Bittlesham. "Tut is right," I agreed. Then the rumminess of the thing struck me. "But if you haven't dropped a parcel over the race," I said, "why are you looking so rattled ?"
Manchester United humbled by MK Dons after Will Grigg hits double", The Guardian , 26 August 2014:
To make a rattling noise; to make noise by or from shaking.
- That United were rattled , mentally as well as at times physically – legitimately so – was beyond question. Nick Powell clipped a crisp drive a foot over the bar, but otherwise Milton Keynes had the best of the remainder of the first half.
(obsolete) To assail, annoy, or stun with a ratting noise.
- ''I wish the dashboard in my car would quit rattling .
(obsolete) To scold; to rail at.
- Sound but another [drum], and another shall / As loud as thine rattle the welkin's ear.
To drive or ride briskly, so as to make a clattering.
- (rfquotek, L'Estrange)
To make a clatter with a voice; to talk rapidly and idly; with on'' or ''away .
- We rattled along for a couple of miles.
- She rattled on for an hour.
* death rattle
* rattle off
* rattle one's nerves
* rattle one's hocks
* rattle someone's cage
* rattle trap