(now, rare, chiefly, historical) A person employed to perform computations; one who computes.
* 1927 , J. B. S. Haldane, Possible Worlds and Other Essays , page 173
* 2003 , (Bill Bryson), A Short History of Nearly Everything , BCA, page 116:
- Only a few years ago Mr. Powers, an American computer , disproved a hypothesis about prime numbers which had held the field for more than 250 years.
by restriction, a male computer, where the female computer is called a computress
A programmable electronic device that performs mathematical calculations and logical operations, especially one that can process, store and retrieve large amounts of data very quickly; now especially, a small one for personal or home use employed for manipulating text or graphics, accessing the Internet, or playing games or media.
- One Harvard computer , Annie Jump Cannon, used her repetitive acquaintance with the stars to devise a system of stellar classifications so practical that it is still in use today.
* (programmable device that performs logical operations) automatic data processing machine, processor, 'puter (informal), box (slang), machine, calculator, portable computer, laptop
* See also
* (programmable device that performs logical operations) desktop, laptop
* (a person employed to perform computations) computress (f)
* (a person employed to perform computations) computress (f) (when "computer" is used to represent the masculine form)
* data processing
1000 English basic words
The belief that each race has distinct and intrinsic attributes.
The belief that one race is superior to all others.
Prejudice or discrimination based upon race.
* 2007 , Joseph Godson Amamoo, Ghana: 50 years of independence
- Malcolm X and Martin Luther King both spoke out against racism .
- For, if racism against non-whites is morally wrong and unjustifiable, then how can racism against whites be morally right and justifiable?
* Different people define race'' differently, so, naturally, different people define ''racism differently.
* Racism is generally accepted as wrong in English-speaking societies, and the word racism carries strong negative connotations. Therefore, those opposing a certain practice might characterize it as "racist" in order to try to take advantage of those connotations, and conversely, those defending a certain practice might try to mitigate it by claiming that it is not racist.
* While racism'' is, per se, usually tied to ''race , some speakers will (controversially) use the term in other cases as well:
** 2002, Tom Carter-Smith, Sex – an Apology for Love , NORDISC Music & Text, ISBN 87-88619-09-5, page 99,
**: The reason for this was the general prejudice (read: racism ) against gays among “straight” people; the government simply didn't want the public to be appalled by posters and TV adds with “queers”.
* The term reverse racism'' has been used to describe racism (in one sense or another) by a group that has traditionally been oppressed, against a traditionally more-empowered group. However, some argue that this distinction does not need to be made, and advocate using simply the term ''racism''; others have argued conversely that the term ''racism should not be used at all in such cases.
* For many speakers, the term racism implies conscious belief or behavior, but this distinction is not universally held.
* antiracism, anti-racism
* institutional racism
* nonracism, non-racism
* reverse racism
* scientific racism
* affirmative action
* Anti-Defamation League (ADL)
* antisemitism, anti-semitism
* black is beautiful
* black supremacy, Black supremacy
* Civil Rights Movement
* cultural anthropology
* cultural relativism
* ethnic majority
* ethnic minority
* hate crime
* historical particularism
* Ku Klux Klan (KKK)
* political correctness
* political minority
* racial discrimination
* racial profiling
* Rainbow Coalition
* unilineal evolution
* social Darwinism
* white supremacy, White supremacy
English disputed terms
English words suffixed with -ism