(countable, uncountable) inclination towards something; predisposition, partiality, prejudice, preference, predilection
* 1748 . David Hume. Enquiries concerning the human understanding and concerning the principles of moral. London: Oxford University Press, 1973. § 4.
* John Locke
- nature has pointed out a mixed kind of life as most suitable to the human race, and secretly admonished them to allow none of these biasses to draw too much
(countable, textiles) the diagonal line between warp and weft in a woven fabric
(countable, textiles) A wedge-shaped piece of cloth taken out of a garment (such as the waist of a dress) to diminish its circumference.
(electronics) a voltage or current applied for example to a transistor electrode
(statistics) the difference between the expectation of the sample estimator and the true population value, which reduces the representativeness of the estimator by systematically distorting it
(sports) In the game of crown green bowls: a weight added to one side of a bowl so that as it rolls, it will follow a curved rather than a straight path; the oblique line followed by such a bowl; the lopsided shape or structure of such a bowl.
* Sir Walter Scott
- Morality influences men's lives, and gives a bias to all their actions.
- there is a concealed bias within the spheroid
* bias tape
To place bias upon; to influence.
- Our prejudices bias our views.
Inclined to one side; swelled on one side.
Cut slanting or diagonally, as cloth.
In a slanting manner; crosswise; obliquely; diagonally.
- to cut cloth bias
The belief that each race has distinct and intrinsic attributes.
The belief that one race is superior to all others.
Prejudice or discrimination based upon race.
* 2007 , Joseph Godson Amamoo, Ghana: 50 years of independence
- Malcolm X and Martin Luther King both spoke out against racism .
- For, if racism against non-whites is morally wrong and unjustifiable, then how can racism against whites be morally right and justifiable?
* Different people define race'' differently, so, naturally, different people define ''racism differently.
* Racism is generally accepted as wrong in English-speaking societies, and the word racism carries strong negative connotations. Therefore, those opposing a certain practice might characterize it as "racist" in order to try to take advantage of those connotations, and conversely, those defending a certain practice might try to mitigate it by claiming that it is not racist.
* While racism'' is, per se, usually tied to ''race , some speakers will (controversially) use the term in other cases as well:
** 2002, Tom Carter-Smith, Sex – an Apology for Love , NORDISC Music & Text, ISBN 87-88619-09-5, page 99,
**: The reason for this was the general prejudice (read: racism ) against gays among “straight” people; the government simply didn't want the public to be appalled by posters and TV adds with “queers”.
* The term reverse racism'' has been used to describe racism (in one sense or another) by a group that has traditionally been oppressed, against a traditionally more-empowered group. However, some argue that this distinction does not need to be made, and advocate using simply the term ''racism''; others have argued conversely that the term ''racism should not be used at all in such cases.
* For many speakers, the term racism implies conscious belief or behavior, but this distinction is not universally held.
* antiracism, anti-racism
* institutional racism
* nonracism, non-racism
* reverse racism
* scientific racism
* affirmative action
* Anti-Defamation League (ADL)
* antisemitism, anti-semitism
* black is beautiful
* black supremacy, Black supremacy
* Civil Rights Movement
* cultural anthropology
* cultural relativism
* ethnic majority
* ethnic minority
* hate crime
* historical particularism
* Ku Klux Klan (KKK)
* political correctness
* political minority
* racial discrimination
* racial profiling
* Rainbow Coalition
* unilineal evolution
* social Darwinism
* white supremacy, White supremacy
English disputed terms
English words suffixed with -ism