Attested vs Proven - What's the difference?
As verbs the difference between attested and proven
is that attested
) while proven
As an adjective attested
is proven; shown to be true with evidence.
Proven; shown to be true with evidence
Supported with testimony
Certified as good, correct, or pure
* 1599 , , First Folio edition, Act V, Scene 1:
- A Contract of eternall bond of loue,
- Confirm'd by mutuall ioynder of your hands,
(linguistics) Of words or languages, proven to have existed by records.
- Atte?ted by the holy clo?e of lippes,
* The word slæpwerig'' (sleep-weary) is attested in the Exeter Book in the form ''slæpwerigne .
- A term should be included if it's likely that someone would run accross it and want to know what it means. This in turn leads to the somewhat more formal guideline of including a term if it is attested' and ' idiomatic .
Having been proved; having proved its value or truth.
- It's a proven fact that morphine is a more effective painkiller than acetaminophen is.
- Mass lexical comparison is not a proven method for demonstrating relationships between languages.
* (having been proved) unproven
As the past participle of prove, proven is often discouraged, with proved preferred – “have proved” rather than “have proven”. However, today in everyday use they are both used, about equally.
Historically, proved'' is the older form, while proven''' arose as a Scottish variant – see . Used in legal writing from mid 17th century, it entered literary usage more slowly, only becoming significant in the 19th century, with the poet among the earliest frequent users (presumably for reasons of meter). In the 19th century, '''proven was widely discouraged, and remained significantly less common through the mid 20th century (''proved being used approximately four times as often), by the late 20th century it came to be used about equally.
As an attributive adjective, proven is much more commonly used, and proved is widely considered an error – “a proven method”, not *“a proved method”.