A natural or inherent impulse or behaviour.
- Many animals fear fire by instinct .
- By a divine instinct , men's minds mistrust / Ensuing dangers.
, author=Bertrand Russell
, passage=In spite of these qualifications, the broad distinction between instinct
and habit is undeniable. To take extreme cases, every animal at birth can take food by instinct, before it has had opportunity to learn; on the other hand, no one can ride a bicycle by instinct, though, after learning, the necessary movements become just as automatic as if they were instinctive.}}
An intuitive reaction not based on rational conscious thought.
- an instinct''' for order; to be modest by '''instinct
- Debbie's instinct was to distrust John.
(archaic) Imbued, charged ((with) something).
- The chariot of paternal deity / Itself instinct with spirit, but convoyed / By four cherubic shapes.
* 1928 , (HP Lovecraft), ‘The Call of Cthulhu’:
- a noble performance, instinct with sound principle
- This thing, which seemed instinct with a fearsome and unnatural malignancy, was of a somewhat bloated corpulence, and squatted evilly on a rectangular block or pedestal covered with undecipherable characters.
* 1842 , Thomas Campbell, Frederick the Great and his Times , vol. II, p. 47:
* 1970 , Matthew Smith Anderson, The Great Powers and the Near East, 1774-1923 , p. 32:
- Another account says that, on the morning of the 31st of May, the king delivered to the prince-royal the crown, the sceptre, and the key of his treasure and gave him his blessing. The privy-counsillor Vockerodt drew up at his desire a protocol of the transaction.
(international law) An amendment to an official treaty.
* 2002 , Philippe Sands, Principles of International Environmental Law , p. 917 n. 253:
- The terms of this protocol formed the basis for the Treaty of London signed by the British, French and Russian governments on 6 July 1827.
The first leaf of a roll of papyrus, or the official mark typically found on such a page.
* 1991 , Leila Avrin, Scribes, Script, and Books , p. 146:
- The 1992 Protocol amended the definitions of other terms, including ‘ship’, ‘oil’ and ‘incident’: Art. 2.
The official formulas which appeared at the beginning or end of certain official documents such as charters, papal bulls etc.
* 1985 , Archivum Historiae Pontificiae , v. 23, p. 14:
- They marked the beginning of each scroll with their protocol''''', a practice that continued in the papyrus trade in the Byzantine Empire [...] into the Islamic period, when there were bilingual ' protocols in Greek and Arabic.
(sciences) The original notes of observations made during an experiment; also, the precise method for carrying out or reproducing a given experiment.
* 1931 , Gye & Purdy, The Cause of Cancer , p. 194:
- The protocol of the bull contains elements that appear to be formulaic by the time of John XVIII 's pontificate.
The official rules and guidelines for heads of state and other dignitaries, governing accepted behaviour in relations with other diplomatic representatives or over affairs of state.
* 2009 , Laura Johnson, "A mwah too far", The Guardian , 19 Sep 2009:
- The following is an abstract of the protocol of the experiment: Tumour extract. —A measured 16 c.c. of minced Rous Sarcoma tissue was ground with sand and extracted with 400 c.c. of 0.8-per-cent. saline.
(by extension) An accepted code of conduct; acceptable behaviour in a given situation or group.
* 2010 , The Guardian , 16 Jul 2010:
- Even the Queen (for whom the curtsey is a more standard address) was recently treated to an enthusiastic Obama embrace. Her Majesty, who is not normally known for partaking in such public displays of affection, seemed unperturbed by Michelle Obama's disregard for royal protocol .
(computing) A set of formal rules describing how to transmit or exchange data, especially across a network.
* 2006 , Zheng & Ni, Smart Phone and Next-Generation Mobile Computing , p. 444:
- For those uncertain in the protocol of handshaking a formula for the perfect handshake has been devised by scientists at the University of Manchester.
(medicine) The set of instructions allowing a licensed medical professional to start, modify, or stop a medical or patient care order.
- An exception is Jabber, which is designed based on an open protocol called the extensible messaging and presence protocol (XMPP).
(obsolete) To make a protocol of.
(obsolete) To make or write protocols, or first drafts; to issue protocols.