* principall (obsolete)
Primary; most important.
- Smith is the principal architect of this design.
* 1760 , , ''The Odyssey , Volume 2,
- The principal cause of the failure was poor planning.
* 1995 , Madeleine Cabos, Baedeker Paris ,
- In a word, the Epi?odes of Homer'' are complete Epi?odes; they are proper to the ?ubject, because they are drawn from the ground of the fable; they are ?o joined to the principal''' action, that one is the nece??ary con?equence of the other, either truly or probably: and la?tly, they are imperfect members which do not make a complete and fini?hed body; for an Epi?ode that makes a complete action, cannot be part of a ' principal action; as is e??ential to all Epi?odes.
* 2005 , Ruth N. Collins, Application of Phylogenetic Algorithms to Assess Rab Functional Relationships'', Sidney P. Colowick, Alan Hall (editors), ''Methods in Enzymology , Volume 403,
- The principal treasure of ths department, however, is the Stele of Hammurabi (1792—1750 B.C.), king of the first Babylonian kingdom, a basalt cylinder 2.25m/7ft 5in. inscribed with Hammurabi?s laws written in Akkadian in cuneiform script.
(obsolete, Latinism) Of or relating to a prince; princely.
- In theory, there are the same number of principal' components as there are variables, but in practice, usually only a few of the ' principal components need to be identified to account for most of the data variance.
Principal'' should not be confused with principle. ''Principle'' is always a noun, which is sometimes erroneously used with the meaning of the adjective ''principal .
* Incorrect: He is the principle musician in the band
* Correct: He is the principal musician in the band
A mnemonic to avoid this confusion is "The principal'' alphabetic ''principle'' places ''A'' before ''E ".
Principal'' is generally not used in the comparative or superlative in formal writing, as the meaning is already superlative. However, one may occasionally see, e.g., ''more principal'' meaning ''more likely to be principal'' or ''more nearly principal . There are similar issues with unique.
* (primary) chief, main, primary
(finance, uncountable) The money originally invested or loaned, on which basis interest and returns are calculated.
* 1902 , William Pember Reeves, State Experiments in Australia and New Zealand , Volume 1, 2011, Cambridge University Press,
- A portion of your mortgage payment goes to reduce the principal , and the rest covers interest.
* 2012 , Denis Clifford, Plan Your Estate , 11th Edition, NOLO, US,
- In March 1902, I find in the statement of liabilities and assets £711 put down as arrears of interest, but there is no entry of arrears of principal .
* 2012 , Fred Steingold, Legal Forms for Starting & Running a Small Business ,
- For instance, in some states, dividends that have automatically been reinvested will be treated as principal .
(North America, Australia, New Zealand) The chief administrator of a school.
* 1971 , Louis Kaplan, Education and Mental Health ,
- If you know the principal amount, the interest rate, and the number of years the payments will be made, you can consult an amortization calculator or schedule to arrive at the monthly payment.
* 2008 , Brian Dive, The Accountable Leader: Developing Effective Leadership Through Managerial Accountability ,
- The important administrative figure to the teacher is the school principal .
* 2009 , Colin J. Marsh, Key Concepts for Understanding Curriculum ,
- The problem was neatly summed up by one principal in Australia who said recently: ‘There is no incentive for me to develop my best teachers to become my successor.’
* 2011 , U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook 2011-2012 ,
- Now renamed Teaching Australia, its officers are undertaking exploratory steps in developing professional standards for school leaders. A National Standards Drafting Group of volunteer principals' is currently drafting ' principal standards (Teaching Australia, 2007).
(UK, Scotland, Canada) The chief executive and chief academic officer of a university or college.
* 1967 , University of Edinburgh Graduates? Association, University of Edinburgh Journal , Volumes 23-24,
- Principals are now being held more accountable for the performance of students and teachers, while at the same time they are required to adhere to a growing number of government regulations.
(legal) One who directs another (the agent) to act on one?s behalf.
- Unlike the students, Principal' Robertson, who now resided almost alone in the College, continued to use the accistomed route on his visits to the Old Town; and it “became the joke of the day that from being the principal gate it had become only a gate for the ' Principal .”5
* 1958 , American Law Institute. Restatement of the Law, Second: Agency 2d'', Volume 7 ,
- ''When an attorney represents a client, the client is the principal who permits the attorney, the client?s agent, to act on the client?s behalf.
* 1966 , Pan American Union, The Marketing Structure for Selected Processed Food Products: In Sweden, Denmark, Norway, The Federal Republic of Germany, Canada and the United Kingdom ,
- The firm admitted the amount owed, but averred as an affirmative defense that it had hired the expert as an agent of a disclosed principal , the client.
* 2009 , California Continuing Education of the Bar, California Probate Code ,
- A food broker has been defined as an independent sales agent who performs the services of negotiating the sale of food and/or grocery products for and on account of the seller as principal .
(legal) The primary participant in a crime.
* 1915 , Eugene Allen Gilmore, Wiliam Charles Wermuth, Modern American Law ,
- An attorney-in-fact has a duty to act solely in yhe interest of the principal and to avoid conflicts of interest.
A company represented by a salesperson.
- The accessories may be prosecuted, tried and punished, though the principal has not been prosecuted or has been acquitted.
(senseid) (North America) A partner or owner of a business.
(music) A diapason, a type of organ stop on a pipe organ.
(architecture, engineering) The construction that gives shape and strength to a roof, generally a truss of timber or iron; or, loosely, the most important member of a piece of framing.
The first two long feathers of a hawk's wing.
- My principal sells metal shims.
One of the turrets or pinnacles of waxwork and tapers with which the posts and centre of a funeral hearse were formerly crowned.
(obsolete) An essential point or rule; a principle.
A dancer at the highest rank within a professional dance company, particularly a ballet company.
Principal'' should not be confused with principle. They are both nouns, but ''principle'' means "moral rule", while ''principal may refer to a person or entity.
* Incorrect: He is the principle of our school
* Correct: He is the principal of our school
* (original money invested or loaned)
* (school administrator) headmaster, headmistress
* (chief executive and chief academic officer of a university or college) dean
* (one under whose direction and on whose behalf an agent acts) client
* (company represented by a salesperson)
* (primary participant in a crime) ringleader
* (owner of or partner in a business) proprietor
* (organ stop) diapason
* (original money invested or loaned) interest
* (school administrator) master, mistress
* (chief executive and chief academic officer of a university or college) bursar
* (primary participant in a crime) accessory
* PITI payment
(senseid)A leader or head of a group of people, organisation, etc.
* 1994 , Nelson Mandela, Long Walk to Freedom , Abacus 2010, p. 4:
(heraldiccharge) The top part of a shield or escutcheon.
* 1889 , Charles Norton Elvin, A Dictionary of Heraldry :
- My father, Gadla Henry Mphakanyiswa, was a chief by both blood and custom.
(senseid)A head officer in a department, organization etc.; a boss.
- When the Chief' is Charged with any figure, in blazon it is said to be "''On a '''Chief ".
An informal address to an equal.
- All firefighters report to the fire chief .
- Hey, chief.
* See also
* chief constable
* chief executive
* chief executive officer/CEO
* chief legal officer
* chief mate
* chief of staff
* chief of state
* chief petty officer
* commander in chief
* dexter chief
* editor in chief
* fire chief
* in chief
* police chief
* war chief
- Negligence was the chief cause of the disaster.