From (etyl) pren, from (etyl) ‘edge’, Albanian brez ‘belt, girdle’).
The verb is from (etyl) prenen, from .
* (l) (dialectal)
A forked tool used by clothiers for dressing cloth.
(dialectal) bodkin; brooch
Variant of prune (by influence of preen above)
Attested in Chaucer (c. 1395) in the variants preyneth, prayneth, proyneth, prunyht, pruneth , from (etyl) .
(of birds) To groom; to trim or dress with the beak, as the feathers.
To show off, posture, or smarm.
* 1993 , Scott Simmon, The Films of D W Griffith
* 2004 , Jude Deveraux, Counterfeit Lady
- His preening self-satisfaction, chest thrown forward as he settles into a chair in his mansion...
(UK, dialect, dated) To trim up, as trees.
- He preened under her compliments.
From (etyl) prune, from (etyl) , a loanword from a language of Asia Minor.
(obsolete) A plum.
The dried, wrinkled fruit of certain species of plum.
(slang) An old woman, especially a wrinkly one.
* German prune
* prune tree
* South African prune
From (etyl) 'to round-off the front'.
To remove excess material from a tree or shrub; to trim, especially to make more healthy or productive.
- A good grape grower will prune his vines once a year.
(figuratively) To cut down or shorten (by the removal of unnecessary material).
- Our delightful task / To prune these growing plants, and tend these flowers.
* Francis Bacon
- to prune a budget, or an essay
(obsolete) To preen; to prepare; to dress.
- taking into consideration how they [laws] are to be pruned and reformed
- His royal bird / Prunes the immortal wing and cloys his beak.