The act of providing approval and support; backing; championship.
Customers collectively; clientele; business.
- His vigorous patronage of the conservatives got him in trouble with progressives.
A communication that indicates lack of respect by patronizing the recipient; condescension; disdain.
(politics) Granting favours or giving contracts or making appointments to office in return for political support.
Guardianship, as of a saint; tutelary care.
- The restaurant had an upper class patronage .
The right of nomination to political office.
(UK, legal) The right of presentation to church or ecclesiastical benefice; advowson.
To support by being a patron of.
* 2003 , Hubert Michael Seiwert, Popular Religious Movements and Heterodox Sects in Chinese History , BRILL, ISBN 9789004131460, [http://books.google.com/books?id=Xg-gcQq1TGQC&pg=PA62&dq=patronaged page 62]:
* 2004 , C.K. Gandhirajan, Organized Crime , APH Publishing Corporation, ISBN 978-81-7648-481-7, [http://books.google.com/books?id=ohyhsmWmelAC&pg=PA147&dq=patronaged page 147]:
- Mingdi continued the policy of his father who had patronaged Confucian learning.
* 2007 , Stefaan Fiers and Ineke Secker, “A Career through the Party”, chapter 6 of Maurizio Cotta and Heinrich Best (editors), Democratic Representation in Europe , Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-923420-2, [http://books.google.com/books?id=EtetpwF-xHMC&pg=PA138&dq=patronaged page 138]:
- Table 5.4 reveals the role of criminal gangs’ patron under each crime category. From this, we can understand that 74 percent of the mercenaries are patronaged and supported by the politicians either of the ruling or opposition party.
To be a regular customer or client of; to patronize; to patronise; to support; to keep going.
* in The Primary Teacher (magazine), Volume III, Number ??, New-England Publishing Company, [http://books.google.com/books?id=sxgVAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA33&dq=patronaged page 63]:
- To summarize: a person with a party political background is thus defined as ‘a person that has served in (a) and/or (b) a non-elective position inside the party administration of patronaged position in another organisation, i.e. the political functionary ’.
* 1902 May, in Oregon Poultry Journal , [http://books.google.com/books?id=flRMAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA27&dq=patronage page 27]:
- This house is largely patronaged by the professors and students of many of the Educational Institutions of New England and the Middle States; and all perons visiting New York, either for business or pleasure, will find this an excellent place at which to stop.
* 2002 , Kevin Fox Gotham, Race, Real Estate, and Uneven Development , SUNY Press, ISBN 978-0-7914-5377-3, [http://books.google.com/books?id=CRG0QOEw9wAC&pg=PA28&dq=patronaged page 28]:
- Mr. F. A. Welch, of the Oak View Poultry Farm, Salem, starts an add with us this issue. Our readers will be treated well, if they patronage Mr. Welch.
- Most public establishments catered to Blacks, and Whites actively patronaged some black-owned businesses (Martin 1982, 6, 9–11; Slingsby 1980, 31–32).
(Christianity) The highest form of bishop, in the ancient world having authority over other bishops in the province but now generally as an honorary title; in Roman Catholicism, considered a bishop second only to the Pope in rank.
In Biblical contexts, a male leader of a family, tribe or ethnic group, especially one of the twelve sons of Jacob (considered to have created the twelve tribes of Israel) or (in plural) Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.
* 1526 , (William Tyndale), trans. Bible , Acts II:
A founder of a political or religious movement, an organization or an enterprise.
An old leader of a village or community.
* 1819 , ”:
- Men and brethren, lett me frely speake unto you of the patriarke David: For he is both deed and buryed, and his sepulcre remayneth with us unto this daye.
The male head of a tribal line or family.
- The opinions of this junto were completely controlled by Nicholas Vedder, a patriarch of the village, and landlord of the inn, at the door of which he took his seat from morning to night, just moving sufficiently to
* matriarch, materfamilias