Panpsychism vs Panzoism - What's the difference?

panpsychism | panzoism |

Panpsychism is a see also of panzoism.

As nouns the difference between panpsychism and panzoism

is that panpsychism is (philosophy|uncountable) the (l) that all (l) has a mental (l) () while panzoism is (rare|archaic): belief that the entire universe is a living thing, or is suffused with life.



Alternative forms

* (l)


  • (philosophy, uncountable) The (l) that all (l) has a mental (l). ()
  • (philosophy, countable) A specific panpsychist doctrine or system.
  • Usage notes

    * Panpsychism is often conflated with a number of other concepts with which it is associated or which bear some resemblance to it. These conflated concepts include animism (the supernaturalistic belief in a multitude of — more or less anthropomorphic — spirits animating the features of the world, characteristic of many traditional tribal religions); pansensism and hylopathism (doctrines that everything senses'' — very closely related to panpsychism); hylozoism, panbiotism, and panzoism (doctrines that all matter is intrinsically alive; their similarities with and distinctiveness from panpsychism chiefly centres on how the underlying concepts of “life” and “mentality” are defined); panexperientialism (the doctrine that everything ''experiences'' — “at present the most fully articulated form of panpsychism”(David Skrbina), ''Panpsychism in the West , (MIT Press) (2005), ISBN 9780262693516, page 21); pantheism and panentheism (doctrines that God or the Divine Principle “saturate” the Cosmos — in the former God is identical with the universe and every material thing is a part of God; in the latter God transcends the universe); and the doctrine of the world soul (which states that the universe in its totality has a single unifying spirit — such a doctrine is usually panentheistic).




    Alternative forms

    * panzooism, pan-zoism


  • (rare, archaic): Belief that the entire universe is a living thing, or is suffused with life.
  • * 1875 , James McCosh, Ideas in Nature Overlooked by Dr. Tyndall , p.37.
  • He holds that there is a pangenesis or panzoism in all animated being. Now, what is this but the "life" of the old zoologists whom they so ridicule?
  • * 1918 , Edward Gleason Spaulding, The New Rationalism , p.34.
  • But there [is] also panzoism , maintaining that the universe is a living being and has a soul, and anti-intellectualism, holding that genuine intellectual analysis is impossible, both because each thing is infinitely complex and because the removal of a part alters its causal context.
  • * 2005 , David Skrbina, Panpsychism In The West , p. 220.
  • Why Carus did not use 'hylozoism' is not clear. Regardless, that term is now rarely used, as is also true of the variation panzoism .

    Derived terms

    * panzoist * panzoists * panzoistic

    See also

    * pandemonism * panpsychism * pandeism * pantheism English words suffixed with -ism