Belief that every object (animate or inanimate), idea (abstract or concrete), and action is inhabited by its own independent supernatural spirit; worship of such spirits.
* 1833 , Charles Buck, A Theological Dictionary: Containing Definitions of All Religious and Ecclesiastical Terms , p. 291:
* 1910 , Samuel Fallows, Andrew Constantinides Zenos, Herbert Lockwood Willett, The Popular and Critical Bible Encyclopædia and Scriptural Dictionary , p. 1481:
- At all events, it is interesting to learn, from this work, with greater accuracy, an old religious system of the East, in which are to he found, with Pandemonism and the metempsychosis, the elements of the worship of the stars, of astrology, the theurgy , the doctrine of amulets, as well as the elements of the Hindoo religion, particularly the system of castes.
* 1974 , Stephen Porter Dunn, Introduction to Soviet Ethnography , p. 491:
- Every object, animate or inanimate, every idea, abstract or concrete, became endowed with a spirit of its own. The religion of Rome was a pandaemonism , a belief, not in one god, pervading all nature and identified with nature, but in millions of gods, a god for every object, every act.
* 1996 , Robert Turcan, The Cults of the Roman Empire , page 121:
- But he was scarcely right in attempting to derive all primitive religious concepts from an undifferentiated "dim pandemonism ."
* 2004 , Boris Jakim, The Comforter , p. 226:
- The dignity and calm of Isiac faith had something to impress anxious or fickle pagans who were beguiled by the murky occultism of the sects or the pandemonism of the magicians.
Belief in an universe that is infused with an evil spirit.
* 1927 , Lewis Browne, Elsa Weihl, That Man Heine: A Biography , p. 257:
- This peculiar anthropological docetism, or pandemonism , is not compatible with the Christian faith.
* 1987 , Friedrich Schelling in Ernst Behler, Philosophy of German Idealism , p. 235:
- It was but the original faith of the ancient ancient Teutons which the Christian monks had perverted into pandemonism .
* 2003 , Robert Wicks, Literary Truth as Dreamlike Expression in Foucault's and Borges's "Chinese Encyclopedia"'', in ''Philosophy and Literature , Vol. 27, No. 1, p. 80-97.
- While this ancillary thought explains evil in the world, it also completely extinguishes the good and introduces pandemonism instead of pantheism.
- Whereas pantheism asserts that all is God, pandemonism' asserts that all is hell; whereas pantheism asserts that all is sacred and divine, ' pandemonism asserts that all is profane and contaminated.
The second sense is likely a back-formation incorporating the malevolent sense of demon into the originally morally neutral meaning of the word.