The quality or property of anything which touches the feelings or excites emotions and passions, especially that which awakens tender emotions, such as pity, sorrow, and the like; contagious warmth of feeling, action, or expression; pathetic quality.
* 1874 , Thomas Hardy, Far From The Madding Crowd, 1874:
(rhetoric) A writer or speaker's attempt to persuade an audience through appeals involving the use of strong emotions such as pity.
(literature) An author's attempt to evoke a feeling of pity or sympathetic sorrow for a character.
(theology, philosophy) In theology and existentialist ethics following Kierkegaard and Heidegger, a deep and abiding commitment of the heart, as in the notion of "finding your passion" as an important aspect of a fully lived, engaged life.
- His voice had a genuine pathos now, and his large brown hands perceptibly trembled.
(countable, and, uncountable) An ache or bodily suffering, or an instance of this; an unpleasant sensation, resulting from a derangement of functions, disease, or injury by violence; hurt.
- The greatest difficulty lies in treating patients with chronic pain .
(uncountable) The condition or fact of suffering or anguish especially mental, as opposed to pleasure; torment; distress; sadness; grief; solicitude; disquietude.
- I had to stop running when I started getting pains in my feet.
- In the final analysis, pain is a fact of life.
(countable) An annoying person or thing.
- The pain of departure was difficult to bear.
(uncountable, obsolete) Suffering inflicted as punishment or penalty.
- Your mother is a right pain .
- You may not leave this room on pain of death.
- Interpose, on pain of my displeasure. — Dryden
Labour; effort; pains.
- We will, by way of mulct or pain , lay it upon him. — Bacon
* Adjectives often used with "pain": mild, moderate, severe, intense, excruciating, debilitating, acute, chronic, sharp, dull, burning, steady, throbbing, stabbing, spasmodic, etc.
* (an annoying person or thing) pest
* See also
* neuropathic pain
* nociceptive pain
* phantom pain
* psychogenic pain
* pain in the arse
* pain in the ass
* pain in the back
* pain in the bum
* pain in the butt
* pain in the neck
To hurt; to put to bodily uneasiness or anguish; to afflict with uneasy sensations of any degree of intensity; to torment; to torture.
To render uneasy in mind; to disquiet; to distress; to grieve.
- The wound pained him.
(obsolete) To inflict suffering upon as a penalty; to punish.
- It pains me to say that I must let you go.