Absent vs Outside - What's the difference?

absent | outside |

As an adjective absent

is (not comparable) being away from a place; withdrawn from a place; not present; missing .

As a noun absent

is (obsolete) absentee; a person who is away on occasion .

As a preposition absent

is (legal) in the absence of; without .

As a verb absent

is (transitive|now|reflexive) keep away; stay away; go away .

As a proper noun outside is

(slang|us) to residents of alaska, the rest of the united states, especially the contiguous 48 states south of canada.



Alternative forms


Etymology 1

* From (etyl) absent, (etyl) .


  • (not comparable) Being away from a place; withdrawn from a place; not present; missing.
  • * 1623 , (William Shakespeare), All’s Well That Ends Well, II-iii
  • Expecting absent friends.
  • (not comparable) Not existing; lacking.
  • The part was rudimental or absent .
  • (sometimes, comparable) Inattentive to what is passing; absent-minded; preoccupied.
  • * 1746-1747 , Chesterfield, Letters to his Son
  • What is commonly called an absent man is commonly either a very weak or a very affected man.
    * present


    (en noun)
  • (obsolete) Absentee; a person who is away on occasion.
  • Preposition

    (English prepositions)
  • (legal) In the absence of; without.
  • * 1919 , State vs. Britt, Supreme Court of Missouri, Division 2, in The Southwestern Reporter , page 427
  • If the accused refuse upon demand to pay money or deliver property (absent any excuse or excusing circumstance) which came into his hands as a bailee, such refusal might well constitute some evidence of conversion, with the requisite fraudulent intent required by the statute.
  • * 2011 , David Elstein, letter, London Review of Books , XXXIII.15:
  • the Princess Caroline case [...] established that – absent a measurable ‘public interest’ in publication – she was safe from being photographed while out shopping.

    Etymology 2

    From (etyl) absenter, from .


    (en verb)
  • (transitive, now, reflexive) Keep away; stay away; go away.
  • *
  • Go; for thy stay, not free, absents thee more;
  • * 1701-1703 , , "Remarks on Italy"
  • If after due summons any member absents himself, he is to be fined.
  • *
  • This work was strictly voluntary, but any animal who absented himself from it would have his rations reduced by half.
  • (obsolete) Stay away; withdraw.
  • (rare) Leave.
  • Anagrams



    English heteronyms ----



    Alternative forms

    * (l) (obsolete)


    (en noun)
  • The part of something that faces out; the outer surface.
  • * 1653 , (Thomas Urquhart) (translator), , , "The Author's Prologue to the First Book"
  • Silenes of old were little boxes, like those we now may see in the shops of apothecaries, painted on the outside with wanton toyish figures, as harpies, satyrs, bridled geese, horned hares, saddled ducks, flying goats, thiller harts, and other such-like counterfeited pictures at discretion, ...
  • * 1890 , (Jacob Riis), ,
  • The outside of the building gives no valuable clew.
  • * 1911 , '', article in '' ,
  • The number of persons which the cab is licensed to carry must be painted at the back on the outside .
  • The external appearance of something.
  • The space beyond some limit or boundary.
  • * (rfdate) Spectator
  • I threw open the door of my chamber, and found the family standing on the outside .
  • * 1967 , (The Bee Gees), ,
  • Have you seen my wife, Mr Jones? / Do you know what it's like on the outside ?
  • * 1982 , (Anne Dudley), (Trevor Horn), (Malcolm Mclaren), (Buffalo Gals)
  • Four buffalo gals go 'round the outside' / 'Round the '''outside''' / 'Round the '''outside''' / Four buffalo gals go 'round the ' outside / And do-si-do your partners.
  • The furthest limit, as to number, quantity, extent, etc.
  • It may last a week at the outside .
  • (dated, UK, colloquial) A passenger riding on the outside of a coach or carriage.
  • * (rfdate) (Charles Dickens), (The Pickwick Papers)
  • The outsides' did as ' outsides always do. They were very cheerful and talkative at the beginning of every stage, and very dismal and sleepy in the middle

    Usage notes

    * Rarely used with an .


    (en adjective)
  • Of or pertaining to the outer surface, limit or boundary.
  • The outside surface looks good.
  • * 1901 , ,
  • Household drudgery, woodcutting, milking, and gardening soon roughen the hands and dim the outside polish.
  • * 1921 , Ernest Leopold Ahrons, ,
  • The tyres, which come from the steel manufacturers, are rolled without weld. They are bored inside to an internal diameter slightly less than the outside diameter of the wheel centre, on to which they have to be shrunk, the allowance being about 1/1000 of the diameter of the wheel centre.
  • Of, pertaining to or originating from beyond the outer surface, limit or boundary.
  • * 1938 (believed written c.1933), ,
  • Dogs had a fear of me, for they felt the outside shadow which never left my side.
  • * 1976 , ,
  • It is the witness to your state of mind, the outside picture of an inward condition.
  • * 1993 September 3, ,
  • Nor did they consult with outside persons in religious studies, sociology of religion, or psychology of religion.
  • (baseball, of a pitch) Away (far) from the batter as it crosses home plate.
  • The first pitch is ... just a bit outside .
  • Reaching the extreme or farthest limit, as to extent, quantity, etc.
  • an outside estimate


    (en adverb)
  • (rfc-sense) On or towards the outside.
  • *
  • Jurgis waited outside and walked home with Marija.
  • Outdoors.
  • * {{quote-book, year=1963, author=(Margery Allingham), title=(The China Governess)
  • , chapter=14 citation , passage=Just under the ceiling there were three lunette windows, heavily barred and blacked out in the normal way by centuries of grime. Their bases were on a level with the pavement outside , a narrow way which was several feet lower than the road behind the house.}}


    (English prepositions)
  • (rfc-sense) On the outside of.
  • * 1890 , ,
  • It never happens outside of the story-books that a baby so deserted finds home and friends at once.
  • * 1891 , ,
  • "Don't think of what's past!" said she. "I am not going to think outside of now. Why should we! Who knows what to-morrow has in store?"
  • * 1919' June 28, the '', Part IV—German Rights and Interests ' outside Germany,
  • In territory outside her European frontiers as fixed by the present Treaty, Germany renounces all rights, titles and privileges whatever in or over territory which belonged to her or to her allies, and all rights, titles and privileges whatever their origin which she held as against the Allied and Associated Powers.
  • * 1982 , ,
  • There is jurisdiction over an offense under section 601 committed outside the United States if the individual committing the offense is a citizen of the United States or an alien lawfully admitted to the United States for permanent residence (as defined in section 101(a)(20) of the Immigration and Nationality Act).
  • *
  • Hepaticology, outside the temperate parts of the Northern Hemisphere, still lies deep in the shadow cast by that ultimate "closet taxonomist," Franz Stephani—a ghost whose shadow falls over us all.
  • Near, but not in.
  • * 1898 , ,
  • Up the hill Richmond town was burning briskly; outside the town of Richmond there was no trace of the Black Smoke.
  • * 2002 , , Bookends , 2003 trade paperback edition, ISBN 0767907817, outside back cover:
  • Jane Green lives outside New York City with her husband and children.
  • * 2010 December, Patricia Corrigan, "Beyond Congregations", OY!'' (magazine section), ''St. Louis Jewish Light , volume 63, number 50, page 24:
  • Kastner lives in University City with his wife, Leslie Cohen, who works for the Jewish Federation, and their 17-month-old old(SIC) son. Kastner grew up outside Cleveland.
  • Except, apart from.
  • Outside of winning the lottery, the only way to succeed is through many years of hard work.


    * inside