What's the difference between and

# Argument vs Notion - What's the difference?

argument | notion |

## As nouns the difference between argument and notion

is that argument is proof, reason, point while notion is mental]] apprehension of whatever may be known, [[think|thought, or imagined; idea, concept.

# argument

## English

### Noun

(en noun)
• A fact or statement used to support a proposition; a reason.
• * Ray
• There is no more palpable and convincing argument of the existence of a Deity.
• A verbal dispute; a quarrel.
• A process of reasoning.
• * John Locke
• The argument is not about things, but names.
• (philosophy, logic) A series of propositions organized so that the final proposition is a conclusion which is intended to follow logically from the preceding propositions, which function as premises.
• *
• (mathematics) The independent variable of a function.
• (programming) A value, or reference to a value, passed to a function.
• * {{quote-web, date = 2011-07-20
• , author = Edwin Mares , title = Propositional Functions , site = The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy , url = http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/fall2011/entries/propositional-function , accessdate = 2012-07-15 }}
In ‘The Critic of Arguments’ (1892), Peirce adopts a notion that is even closer to that of a propositional function. There he develops the concept of the ‘rhema’. He says the rhema is like a relative term, but it is not a term. It contains a copula, that is, when joined to the correct number of arguments it produces an assertion. For example, ‘__ is bought by __ from __ for __’ is a four-place rhema. Applying it to four objects a'', ''b'', ''c'', and ''d'' produces the assertion that ''a'' is bought by ''b'' from ''c'' for ''d (ibid. 420).
Parameters are like labeled fillable blanks used to define a function whereas arguments are passed to a function when calling it, filling in those blanks.
• (programming) A parameter in a function definition; an actual parameter, as opposed to a formal parameter.
• (linguistics) Any of the phrases that bears a syntactic connection to the verb of a clause.
• *
• In numerous works over the past two decades, beginning with the pioneering work of Gruber (1965), Fillmore (1968a), and Jackendoff (1972), it has been argued that each Argument' (i.e. Subject or Complement) of a Predicate bears a particular ''thematic role'' (alias ''theta-role'', or ''θ-role'' to its Predicate), and that the set of ''thematic functions'' which ' Arguments can fulfil are drawn from a highly restricted, finite, universal set.
• (astronomy) The quantity on which another quantity in a table depends.
• The altitude is the argument of the refraction.
• The subject matter of a discourse, writing, or artistic representation; theme or topic; also, an abstract or summary, as of the contents of a book, chapter, poem.
• * Shakespeare
• You and love are still my argument .
• * Jeffrey
• the abstract or argument of the piece
• * Milton
• [shields] with boastful argument portrayed
• Matter for question; business in hand.
• * Shakespeare
• Sheathed their swords for lack of argument .

#### Usage notes

* (formal parameter in a function definition) Some authors regard use of "argument" to mean "formal parameter" to be imprecise, preferring that argument'' refers only to the value that is used to instantiate the ''parameter'' at runtime, while ''parameter refers only to the name in the function definition that will be instantiated.

#### Meronyms

* (logic) proposition, premise, conclusion

#### Derived terms

* ad hominem argument * argumentable * argumental * argumentation * argumentative * argumentatively * argumentativeness * argument form * argument from design * argumentive * argumentize * argumentless * cosmological argument * etymological argument * ontological argument * teleological argument

# notion

## English

(wikipedia notion) (Webster 1913)

### Noun

(en noun)
• Mental]] apprehension of whatever may be known, [[think, thought, or imagined; idea, concept.
• * (Isaac Newton) (1642-1727)
• What hath been generally agreed on, I content myself to assume under the notion of principles.
• * (George Cheyne) (1671-1743)
• Few agree in their notions about these words.
• * (Isaac Watts) (1674-1748)
• That notion of hunger, cold, sound, color, thought, wish, or fear which is in the mind, is called the "idea" of hunger, cold, etc.
• * (Alexander Hamilton) (ca.1756-1804)
• Notion , again, signifies either the act of apprehending, signalizing, that is, the remarking or taking note of, the various notes, marks, or characters of an object which its qualities afford, or the result of that act.
• A sentiment; an opinion.