A system of rules and principles for speaking and writing a language.
(uncountable, linguistics) The study of the internal structure of words (morphology) and the use of words in the construction of phrases and sentences (syntax).
A book describing the rules of grammar of a language.
(computing theory) A formal system specifying the syntax of a language.
* 2006 , Patrick Blackburn · Johan Bos · Kristina Striegnitz,
Learn Prolog Now! , §8.2
(computing theory) A formal system defining a formal language
The basic rules or principles of a field of knowledge or a particular skill.
* 2011 , (Javier Solana) and (Daniel Innerarity), Project Syndicate,
- Because real lexicons are big and complex, from a software engineering perspective it is best to write simple grammars that have a simple, well-defined way, of pulling out the information they need from vast lexicons. That is, grammars should be thought of as separate entities which can access the information contained in lexicons. We can then use specialised mechanisms for efficiently storing the lexicon and retrieving data from it.
The New Grammar of Power :
(British, archaic) A textbook.
- We must learn a new grammar of power in a world that is made up more of the common good – or the common bad – than of self-interest or national interest.
(UK) A grammar school.
* 2012, Graeme Paton, A green light for more grammars ?'' (in ''The Daily Telegraph , 11 January 2012)
- a grammar of geography
* (linguistics) morpho-syntax (from the relationship between morphology and syntax)
(obsolete) To discourse according to the rules of grammar; to use grammar.
- (Beaumont and Fletcher)
grammar] at [http://septicscompanion.com The Septic's Companion: A British Slang Dictionary
* nonsence (archaic)
Letters or words, in writing or speech, that have no meaning or seem to have no meaning.
An untrue statement.
- After my father had a stroke, every time he tried to talk, it sounded like nonsense .
* 2008 , "Nick Leeson has some lessons for this collapse", Telegraph.co.uk, Oct 9, 2008
- He says that I stole his computer, but that's just nonsense .
(literature) A type of poetry that contains strange or surreal ideas, as, for example, that written by .
(biology) A damaged DNA sequence whose products are not biologically active, that is, that does nothing.
- and central banks lend vast sums against marshmallow backed securities, or other nonsenses creative bankers dreamed up.
* (something that lacks meaning or absurd statement)
** (mostly colloquialisms or slang) balderdash, baloney, bull, bulldust, bunk, codswallop, drivel, gibberish, hogwash, hooey (US), horse hockey, malarkey, manure, poppycock, prattle, rhubarb (chiefly British), rubbish, twaddle
** (vulgar slang) bollocks (British), bullshit, crap, horseshit (US)
* (biology) missense
To make nonsense of
* Bernard Shaw, "The Red Robe", in James Huneker ed., Dramatic Opinions and Essays by G. Bernard Shaw , volume II, page 73:
To attempt to dismiss as nonsense.
* 1997 , "Rockies respond to whip", Denver Post , Jun 3, 1997:
- At the Haymarket all this is nonsensed by an endeavor to steer between Mr. Stanley Weyman's rights as author of the story and the prescriptive right of the leading actor to fight popularly and heroically against heavy odds.
* 2000 , Leon Garfield, Jason Cockcroft, Jack Holborn , page 131:
- "They haven't nonsensed these workouts. They've taken them and used them very well. I didn't know how they'd respond, but they've responded."
* 2006 , Sierra Leone: Petroleum Unit Calls for Auditing , AllAfrica.com, Mar 17, 2006:
- Very commanding: very much 'end of this nonsensing' . Mister Fared spread his hands and shook his thin head imperceptibly, as if to say he understood
To joke around, to waste time
* 1963 , C. F. Griffin, The Impermanence of Heroes , page 170:
- He further nonsensed press suggestions that the Petroleum Unit was set up to assist in the administration of sporting activities.
- When he meant "go and get one" he said to go and get one, with no nonsensing around about "liking" to get one.
* pooh-pooh, rubbish, whangdoodle
Resulting from the substitution of a nucleotide in a sense codon, causing it to become a stop codon (not coding for an amino-acid).