Official vs Nirgunty - What's the difference?

official | nirgunty |

As nouns the difference between official and nirgunty

is that official is an office holder invested with powers and authorities while nirgunty is (indian feudal history) a low-ranking official responsible for the regulation of irrigation and the distribution of water.

As an adjective official

is of or pertaining to an office or public trust.



(en adjective)
  • Of or pertaining to an office or public trust.
  • official duties
  • Derived from the proper office or officer, or from the proper authority; made or communicated by virtue of authority
  • an official statement or report
  • Approved by authority; authorized.
  • sanctioned by the pharmacopoeia; appointed to be used in medicine; officinal
  • an official drug or preparation
  • Discharging an office or function.
  • * Sir Thomas Browne
  • the stomach and other parts official unto nutrition
  • Relating to an office; especially, to a subordinate executive officer or attendant.
  • Relating to an ecclesiastical judge appointed by a bishop, chapter, archdeacon, etc., with charge of the spiritual jurisdiction.
  • Antonyms

    * unofficial


    (en noun)
  • An office holder invested with powers and authorities.
  • *{{quote-magazine, date=2014-03-15, volume=410, issue=8878, magazine=(The Economist)
  • , title= Turn it off , passage=If the takeover is approved, Comcast would control 20 of the top 25 cable markets, […]. Antitrust officials will need to consider Comcast’s status as a monopsony (a buyer with disproportionate power), when it comes to negotiations with programmers, whose channels it pays to carry.}}
  • A person responsible for applying the rules of a game or sport in a competition.
  • Hyponyms

    * See also

    Derived terms

    * fourth official






  • (Indian feudal history) A low-ranking official responsible for the regulation of irrigation and the distribution of water.
  • * 1807 , Francis Buchanan, A Journey from Madras Through the Countries of Mysore, Canara, and Malabar , page 269
  • The Nirgunty'' is generally a ''Whallia;'' but sometimes a ''Súdra holds the office, which is hereditary.
  • * 1811 , John Pinkerton, A General Collection of the Best and Most Interesting Voyages and Travels in All Parts of the World , volume 8, page 658
  • The proper bu?ine?s of the divi?ion of Whalliaru, called Mora?u, is the cultivation of the ground, in which both men and women are very indu?trious; but they do not appear to have ever formed a part of the native militia, like the Súdra cultivators, nor to have ever been entru?ted with arms, until they began to enter into the Company’s ?ervice. From among them ?everal families hold, by hereditary right, the low village offices of Toti and Nirgunty , or of watchmen and conductors of water.
  • * 1826 , The History of British India , volume 1, page 265
  • When these allowances are withdrawn the heap is measured; and for every candaca which it contains, a measure equal to 5 1/10 Winchester bushels, there is again deducted half a seer to the village watchmen, two and a half seers to the accomptant, as much to the chief of the village; and the bottom of the heap, about an inch thick, mixed with the cow-dung which in order to purify it had been spread on the ground, is given to the Nirgunty , or conductor of water.

    See also

    * Toti


    * People’s March] (September–October 1999): [ Commemorating 200 years of Tipu Sultan’s Martyrdom
    The kingdom was said to have more than 39,000 tanks. Water for irrigation of the lands below the tanks was conducted by the Nirgunty, drawn invariably from a Dalit caste. The Nirgunty was, as a rule, awarded with land in the command area of the tank, in addition to an annual payment for his labours as the regulator of water. English historical terms