What is the difference between native and aboriginal?

native | aboriginal |

Native is a synonym of aboriginal.


As adjectives the difference between native and aboriginal

is that native is belonging to one by birth while aboriginal is first according to historical or scientific records; original; indigenous; primitive {{defdate|first attested in the mid 17th century}}{{reference-book|last =|first =|authorlink =|coauthors =|editor =brown, lesley|others =|title = the shorter oxford english dictionary|origdate =|origyear = 1933|origmonth =|url =|format =|accessdate =|accessyear =|accessmonth =|edition = 5th|date =|year =2003|month =|publisher =oxford university press|location =oxford, uk|language =|id =|doi =|isbn =978-0-19-860575-7|lccn =|ol =|pages =6|chapter =|chapterurl =|quote =}}.

As nouns the difference between native and aboriginal

is that native is a person who is native to a place (literal or metaphoric) while aboriginal is an animal or plant native to a region {{defdate|first attested in the mid 18th century}}.

native

English

Adjective

(en adjective)
  • Belonging to one by birth.
  • This is my native land.
    English is not my native language.
    I need a volunteer native New Yorker for my next joke…
  • Characteristic of or relating to people inhabiting a region from prehistoric times.
  • What are now called ‘Native Americans’ used to be called Indians.
    The native peoples of Australia are called aborigines.
  • .
  • Born or grown in the region in which it lives or is found; not foreign or imported.
  • a native inhabitant
    native oysters or strawberries
    Many native artists studied abroad.
  • (biology, of a species) Which occurs of its own accord in a given locality, to be contrasted with a species introduced by man.
  • The naturalized Norway maple often outcompetes the native North American sugar maple.
  • (computing, of software) Pertaining to the system or architecture in question.
  • This is a native back-end to gather the latest news feeds.
    The native integer size is sixteen bits.
  • (mineralogy) Occurring naturally in its pure or uncombined form; native aluminium, native salt.
  • Arising by birth; having an origin; born.
  • * (rfdate) (Cudworth)
  • Anaximander's opinion is, that the gods are native , rising and vanishing again in long periods of times.
  • Original; constituting the original substance of anything.
  • native dust
    (Milton)
  • Naturally related; cognate; connected (with).
  • * (rfdate) (Shakespeare)
  • The head is not more native to the heart, / Than is the throne of Denmark to thy father.

    Antonyms

    * foreign, fremd

    Derived terms

    * go native * native soil * native speaker * native wit

    Noun

    (en noun)
  • A person who is native to a place; a person who was born in a place.
  • (lb) A person of aboriginal stock, as distinguished from a person who was or whose ancestors were foreigners or settlers/colonizers. (aboriginal inhabitant of the Americas or Australia).
  • Some natives must have stolen our cattle.

    Usage notes

    * In North America, (m)/(m) came into use as an umbrella term for the indigenous inhabitants of America as (m) began to fall out of formal usage (because it originated from Columbus's mistaken belief that he was in India and the people he encountered were Indians). Other designations include (m), (Native Canadian), and (m). In Canada, the terms include (Inuit) and (Metis) and the adjectives (m)/(m).

    Synonyms

    * (l)

    See also

    * native cat * nativity * nativization

    Statistics

    * ----

    aboriginal

    English

    Adjective

    (en adjective)
  • First according to historical or scientific records; original; indigenous; primitive.
  • * 1814 , , The Excursion , Longman et al. (publishers), [http://books.google.com/books?id=T18JAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA277&dq=aboriginal page 277]:
  • Green in the Church-yard, beautiful and green; / / And mantled o'er with aboriginal turf / And everlasting flowers.
  • Living in a land before colonization by the Europeans.
  • (Aboriginal)
  • Synonyms

    * (indigenous to a place) native, indigenous, autochthonous, endemic, original, first, earliest, primitive, ancient, primordial, primeval

    Derived terms

    * aboriginality * aboriginally

    Noun

    (en noun)
  • An animal or plant native to a region.
  • * Charles Darwin
  • It may well be doubted whether this frog is an aboriginal of these islands.
  • (Aboriginal)
  • Usage notes

    * Using uncapitalized aboriginal to refer to people or anything associated with people may cause offence. * In Canada, style manuals recommend against using the noun Aboriginal for a person or people. * See also the usage notes under Aboriginal .

    References

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