As verbs the difference between hanker and longing
is that hanker
is to crave, want or desire while longing
As a noun longing is
an earnest and deep, not greatly passionate, but rather melancholic desire.
Other Comparisons: What's the difference?
To crave, want or desire.
*2012 , The Economist, 13 Oct 2012,
- If you hanker for chocolate, you'll like this fudge recipe.
Butlers: Very good, sir
*:[...] the newly rich hanker after old aristocratic glitz.
* Usually used with for, as in the example above; after may also be used.
An earnest and deep, not greatly passionate, but rather melancholic desire.
The buying of a financial instrument with the expectation that its value will rise