Study vs Lean - What's the difference?

study | lean |

As a verb study

is (usually|academic) to revise materials already learned in order to make sure one does not forget them, usually in preparation for an examination.

As a noun study

is (label) a state of mental perplexity or worried thought.

As a proper noun lean is


Other Comparisons: What's the difference?




  • (usually, academic) To revise materials already learned in order to make sure one does not forget them, usually in preparation for an examination.
  • Students are expected to start studying for final exams in March.
    I need to study my biology notes.
  • (academic) To take a course or courses on a subject.
  • I study medicine at the university.
  • To acquire knowledge on a subject.
  • Biologists study living things.
  • To look at minutely.
  • He studied the map in preparation for the hike.
  • To fix the mind closely upon a subject; to dwell upon anything in thought; to muse; to ponder.
  • * Jonathan Swift
  • I found a moral first, and then studied for a fable.
  • To endeavor diligently; to be zealous.
  • * Bible, 1 Thessalonians iv. 11
  • And that ye study to be quiet, and to do your own business, and to work with your own hands, as we commanded you


    * (l) * (l) * (l) * (l) * (l)


  • (label) A state of mental perplexity or worried thought.
  • *:
  • *:wel said the kynge thow mayst take myn hors by force but and I my?te preue the whether thow were better on horsbak or I / wel said the knyght seke me here whan thow wolt and here nygh this wel thow shalt fynde me / and soo passyd on his weye / thenne the kyng sat in a study and bad his men fetche his hors as faste as euer they myghte
  • (label) Thought, as directed to a specific purpose; one's concern.
  • :
  • *(John Milton) (1608-1674)
  • *:Just men they seemed, and all their study bent / To worship God aright, and know his works.
  • Mental effort to acquire knowledge or learning.
  • :
  • *1661 , , The Life of the most learned, reverend and pious Dr. H. Hammond
  • *:During the whole time of his abode in the university he generally spent thirteen hours of the day in study ; by which assiduity besides an exact dispatch of the whole course of philosophy, he read over in a manner all classic authors that are extant
  • *1699 , , Heads designed for an essay on conversations
  • *:Study gives strength to the mind; conversation, grace: the first apt to give stiffness, the other suppleness: one gives substance and form to the statue, the other polishes it.
  • *{{quote-magazine, year=2012, month=March-April, author=John T. Jost
  • , volume=100, issue=2, page=162, magazine=(American Scientist) , title= Social Justice: Is It in Our Nature (and Our Future)? , passage=He draws eclectically on studies of baboons, descriptive anthropological accounts of hunter-gatherer societies and, in a few cases, the fossil record.}}
  • The act of studying; examination.
  • :
  • Any particular branch of learning that is studied; any object of attentive consideration.
  • *(William Law) (1686-1761)
  • *:The Holy Scriptures, especially the New Testament, are her daily study .
  • *(Alexander Pope) (1688-1744)
  • *:The proper study of mankind is man.
  • *{{quote-magazine, year=2013, month=September-October, author= Katie L. Burke
  • , magazine=(American Scientist), title= In the News , passage=Oxygen levels on Earth skyrocketed 2.4 billion years ago, when cyanobacteria evolved photosynthesis:
  • (senseid)A room in a house intended for reading and writing; traditionally the private room of the male head of household.
  • :
  • *(Nathaniel Hawthorne) (1804-1864)
  • *:his cheery little study
  • An artwork made in order to practise or demonstrate a subject or technique.
  • :
  • (label) A piece for special practice; an .
  • Synonyms

    * (private male room) cabinet, closet (archaic)

    Coordinate terms

    * (private male room) boudoir (female equivalent)


    * See also

    Derived terms

    * brown study





    Etymology 1

    From (etyl) ; via Proto-Indo-European with climate, cline.


  • To incline, deviate, or bend, from a vertical position; to be in a position thus inclining or deviating.
  • To incline in opinion or desire; to conform in conduct; with to'', ''toward , etc.
  • * (Edmund Spenser) (c.1552–1599)
  • They delight rather to lean to their old customs.
  • To rest or rely, for support, comfort, etc.; with on'', ''upon'', or ''against .
  • * (1809-1892)
  • He leaned not on his fathers but himself.
  • * , chapter=23
  • , title= The Mirror and the Lamp , passage=The slightest effort made the patient cough. He would stand leaning on a stick and holding a hand to his side, and when the paroxysm had passed it left him shaking.}}
  • To hang outwards.
  • To press against.
  • * (John Dryden) (1631-1700)
  • His fainting limbs against an oak he leant .
    Derived terms
    * lean back * leaning * lean on * lean-to

    Etymology 2

    From (etyl) .


  • (of a person or animal) slim; not fleshy.
  • (of meat) having little fat.
  • Having little extra or little to spare; scanty; meagre.
  • a lean''' budget; a '''lean harvest
  • Of a fuel-air mixture, having more air than is necessary to burn all of the fuel; more air- or oxygen- rich than necessary for a stoichiometric reaction.
  • (printing, archaic) Of a character which prevents the compositor from earning the usual wages; opposed to fat.
  • lean copy, matter, or type
    * See also


    (en verb)
  • To thin out (a fuel-air mixture): to reduce the fuel flow into the mixture so that there is more air or oxygen.
  • * {{quote-magazine
  • , year=1938 , month=July , author=Blaine and Dupont Miller , title=Weather Hop , page=25 , magazine=Boy's Life , publisher=Boy Scouts of America , issn=0006-8608 citation , passage=He leaned the mixture in an effort to cause a backfire through the carburetor, the generally accepted method of breaking the ice loose. }}
  • * {{quote-magazine
  • , year=2002 , month=July , author=Tom Benenson , title=Can Your Engine Run Too Lean? , volume=129 , issue=7 , page=73 , magazine=Flying , issn=0015-4806 citation , passage=Even the Pilot's Operating Handbooks (POH) for our training airplanes add to our paranoia with their insistence that we not lean the mixture until we're above 5000 feet density altitude. }}

    Etymology 3

    Icelandic (leyna)?; akin to (etyl) word for "deny". Compare .


    (en verb)
  • To conceal.
  • (Ray)

    See also



    * *