(medicine, now chiefly in plural) An abnormal clicking, rattling or crackling sound, made by one or both lungs and heard with a stethoscope, caused by the popping open of airways collapsed by fluid or exudate, or sometimes by pulmonary edema.
* 1840 , CM Billard, A Treatise on the Diseases of Infants , page 416:
* 1861 , Austin Flint, American Medical Times , 7 Dec 1961:
- Michael Colot, aged fifteen days, of a strong constitution, not having been sick from the time of birth, was, on the 22nd of November, taken with a violent cough, accompanied with a rale which could be heard without recourse to auscultation.
* 1894 , (Arthur Conan Doyle), Round Red Lamp :
- If you were to tell a patient that he had a ‘rhonchus’ in his chest, he would imagine that it was something formidable, while, if you said that he had a ‘râle ’ he would not be alarmed.
- But after all the educated classes have a right to expect that their medical man will know the difference between a mitral murmur and a bronchitic rale .
* crackles, crepitations
* bilateral; basal, basilar; bibasilar
An edible plant, similar to cabbage, with curled leaves that do not form a dense head ( )
, author=(Edgar Rice Burroughs)
, title=The Efficiency Expert
, publisher=The Gutenberg Project
, passage=I’ll bet he takes nine-tenths of his kale from women and children, and he’s an honored citizen.
Any of several cabbage-like food plants that are kinds of Brassica oleracea .