From (etyl) grain, grein, from (etyl) . Compare English corn.
(uncountable) The harvested seeds of various grass food crops eg: wheat, corn, barley.
(uncountable) Similar seeds from any food crop, eg buckwheat, amaranth, quinoa.
(countable) A single seed of grain.
- We stored a thousand tons of grain for the winter.
(countable, uncountable) The crops from which grain is harvested.
- a grain of wheat
(uncountable) A linear texture of a material or surface.
- The fields were planted with grain .
(countable) A single particle of a substance.
- Cut along the grain of the wood.
- a grain of sand
(countable) A very small unit of weight, in England equal to 1/480 of an ounce troy, 0.0648 grams or, to be more exact, 64.79891 milligrams (0.002285714 avoirdupois ounce). A carat grain or pearl grain is 1/4 carat or 50 milligrams. The old French grain was 1/9216 livre or 53.11 milligrams, and in the mesures usuelles permitted from 1812 to 1839, with the livre redefined as 500 grams, it was 54.25 milligrams.
(countable) A former unit of gold purity, also known as carat grain , equal to "carat" (karat).
(materials) A region within a material having a single crystal structure or direction.
A reddish dye made from the coccus insect, or kermes; hence, a red color of any tint or hue, as crimson, scarlet, etc.; sometimes used by the poets as equivalent to Tyrian purple.
- a grain of salt
* Quoted by Coleridge, preface to Aids to Reflection
- all in a robe of darkest grain
The hair side of a piece of leather, or the marking on that side.
- doing as the dyers do, who, having first dipped their silks in colours of less value, then give them the last tincture of crimson in grain .
(in the plural) The remains of grain, etc., after brewing or distillation; hence, any residuum. Also called
(botany) A rounded prominence on the back of a sepal, as in the common dock.
Temper; natural disposition; inclination.
- brothers not united in grain
* against the grain
* grain of salt
To feed grain to.
To make granular; to form into grains.
To form grains, or to assume a granular form, as the result of crystallization; to granulate.
To texture a surface in imitation of the grain of a substance such as wood.
(tanning) To remove the hair or fat from a skin.
(tanning) To soften leather.
To yield fruit.
A branch of a tree; a stalk or stem of a plant.
A tine, prong, or fork.
# One of the branches of a valley or river.
# An iron fish spear or harpoon, with a number of points half-barbed inwardly.
#* 1770 : Served 5 lb of fish per man which was caught by striking with grains'' — journal of Stephen Forwood (gunner on ), 4 May 1770, quoted by Parkin (page 195).
# A blade of a sword, knife, etc.
(founding) A thin piece of metal, used in a mould to steady a core.
The active material used in an inoculation; an inoculum
(engineering) An alloyant used to refine grains in a cast macrostructure.
* (engineering) grain refiner
Science and engineering of casting solidification By Doru Michael Stefanescu