As nouns the difference between immunity and anergy
is that immunity
is (uncountable) the state of being insusceptible to something; notably: while anergy
is (physics) dilute or disorganized energy, which cannot be transformed into work.
(uncountable) The state of being insusceptible to something; notably:
# (medicine) Fully protective resistance against infection.
# (law) An exemption from specified duties, such as payments or services.
- Some people have better immunity to diseases than others.
# (law) An exemption from prosecution.
- Feudal privileges often included tax and other immunities .
# (in games and competitions) An exemption given to a player from losing or being withdrawn from play.
- The prosecutor offered the lieutenant immunity for all the crimes he would testify having known to be planned by the elusive drug baron.
(countable) A resistance to a specific thing.
- After winning the last round the player was granted immunity which allowed him to stay in the game even after receiving the least amount of points.
* free pass
* get out of jail free card
(physics) Dilute or disorganized energy, which cannot be transformed into work.
:::The maximum fraction of an energy form which (in a reversible process) can be transformed into work is called exergy. The remaining part is called anergy , and this corresponds to the waste heat.
[Honerkamp, J. ? Statistical Physics ? Springer, 2002, p. 298]
:::To be useful, internal energy has to be concentrated. The more dilute or disorganized the internal energy, the less useful it is ... [Newman, Jay ? Physics of the Life Sciences ? Springer, 2008, p. 336]
(pathology) Deficiency of energy.
(immunology) Lack of immunity to an antigen.