As nouns the difference between pomology and homology
is that pomology
is (botany) the study of pome fruit and of the cultivation of such fruit while homology
is a homologous relationship.
(botany) The study of pome fruit and of the cultivation of such fruit.
(botany) The study of fruit in general and of the cultivation of fruit.
A homologous relationship.
(biology) A correspondence of structures in two life forms with a common evolutionary origin, such as flippers and hands.
(chemistry) The relationship between the elements in the same group of the periodic table, or between organic compounds in a homologous series.
(topology) A theory associating a system of groups to each topological space.
(algebra) A certain system of groups associated to a chain complex.
(genetics) The presence of the same series of bases in related genes.
* (biology) For a discussion of the use of the term (term) (and by association (homologous)) in biology, see: Patterson, Colin. "Homology in Classical and Molecular Biology." Molecular Biology and Evolution 5, no. 6 (November 1988): 603–625. http://mbe.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/reprint/5/6/603.pdf (accessed 18 December 2009; archived 18 December 2009, http://www.webcitation.org/5m7rn4rCe )
* (mathematics) When used attributively before the name of a topological space, as in "homology n -sphere" or "homology manifold", the reference is to a space whose homology is the same as that of the space mentioned: an homology manifold, for example, is a space whose homology is that of some manifold.