(interrogative, obsolete) By what, in which direction; how
* 1990 , Local management of schools , Kogan Page Ltd:
* 1992 , The hotel receptionist , Paige, Jane and Paige, Grace, Cassell Educational:
- Other heads saw devolution as a whole new way of life and adopted an approach whereby the power of devolution was used to enable the school to drive the curriculum.
- This is an electronic system whereby executives are issued with small bleepers.
Use of whereby as a formal equivalent of where'' is nonstandard and is avoided by careful speakers and writers, who use ''where'' or ''in which instead. The term typically fails readability and comprehension review so it is generally avoided in published works. The term is also avoided by speakers as it makes it difficult to understand the message that is trying to be communicated.
* thereabout, thereafter, thereagainst, thereat, thereby, therefor, therefore, therefrom, therein, thereinafter, thereof, thereon, thereto, theretofore, thereunder, thereunto, thereupon, therewith, therewithal
* hereabout, hereafter, hereat, hereby, herein, hereinafter, hereinbefore, hereinto, hereof, hereon, hereto, heretofore, hereunto, hereunder, hereupon, herewith
* whereabouts, whereas, whereafter, whereat, whereby, wherefore, wherefrom, wherein, whereinto, whereof, whereon, whereto, whereunder, whereupon, wherever, wherewith, wherewithal
English pronominal adverbs
(archaic) from here, from this place, away
- I'm going hence , because you have insulted me.
* c.1599-1601 , , Act 4, Scene 1,
- Get thee hence , Satan!
* 1849 , ,
- O Gertrude, come away! / The sun no sooner shall the mountains touch, / But we will ship him hence :
(archaic, figuratively) from the living or from this world
- Ye men of Galilee! / Why stand ye looking up to heaven, where Him ye ne’er may see, / Neither ascending hence , nor returning hither again?
(archaic, of a length of time) in the future from now
- ''After a long battle, my poor daughter was taken hence .
(conjunctive) as a result; therefore, for this reason
- ''A year hence it will be forgotten.
- ''I shall go to Japan and hence will not be here in time for the party.
* 1910 , , Section VI: Weak Points and Strong, 8,
- ''The purse is handmade and hence very expensive.
* 1910 , , , Chapter VI,
- Hence that general is skillful in attack whose opponent does not know what to defend; and he is skillful in defense whose opponent does not know what to attack.
* 1731 May 27, ,
- Hence it comes that all armed Prophets have been victorious, and all unarmed Prophets have been destroyed.
(temporal location) from this time, from now
- That hence arises the peculiar Unhappiness of that Business, which other Callings are no way liable to;
- ''The plane will leave two months hence .