(not countable) Reckless boldness; foolish bravery.
* 1569 , Thomas Pearson, trans., "The Second Paradox," in The booke of Marcus Tullius Cicero entituled Paradoxa Stoicorum , T. Marshe (London),
* 1837 , , The Pickwick Papers , ch. 17,
- Neyther the spightfull temerity and rashnes of variable fortune, nor the envious hart burning and in iurious hatred of mine enemies shold be able once to damnify me.
* 1886 , , The Mayor of Casterbridge , ch. 21
- One day when he knew old Lobbs was out, Nathaniel Pipkin had the temerity to kiss his hand to Maria Lobbs.
* 1913 , , The Return of Tarzan , ch. 21,
- Elizabeth trotted through the open door in the dusk, but becoming alarmed at her own temerity , she went quickly out again by another which stood open in the lofty wall of the back court.
(countable) An act or case of reckless boldness.
* 1910 , , "The Blond Beast," Scribner's Magazine , vol. 48 (Sept),
- I am surprised that you, sir, a man of letters yourself, should have the temerity so to interrupt the progress of science.
(not countable) Effrontery; impudence.
* 1820 , , Precaution , ch. 30,
- Draper, dear lad, had the illusion of an "intellectual sympathy" between them.... Draper's temerities would always be of that kind.
- He had very nearly been guilty of the temerity of arrogating to himself another title in the presence of those he most respected.
* (reckless boldness): audacity, foolhardiness, rashness, recklessness
* (effrontery): brashness, cheek, gall, chutzpah
temerity" in the Wordsmyth Dictionary-Thesaurus (Wordsmyth, 2002)
temerity" in Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary (Cambridge University Press, 2007)
* Oxford English Dictionary , second edition (1989)
* Random House Webster's Unabridged Electronic Dictionary (1987-1996)
Unyielding boldness and daring; firmness in doing something that exposes one to difficulty, danger, or calumnity; intrepidness.
* 1902 , Joseph Conrad, Heart of Darkness :
* 1971 , John Morris Dorsey, Psychology of Emotion :
- Their talk, however, was the talk of sordid buccaneers: it was reckless without hardihood , greedy without audacity, and cruel without courage; there was not an atom of foresight or of serious intention in the whole batch of them, and they did not seem aware these things are wanted for the work of the world.
Excessive boldness; foolish daring; offensive assurance.
- Once endured it is enjoyed as my owndom. Elsewhere I refer to this process of enduring hardship as the only possible source of hardihood .