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Gallant vs Gumption - What's the difference?

gallant | gumption |

As nouns the difference between gallant and gumption

is that gallant is (dated) fashionable young man, who is polite and attentive to women while gumption is energy of mind and body, enthusiasm.

As an adjective gallant

is brave, valiant or gallant can be polite and attentive to ladies; courteous to women; chivalrous.

As a verb gallant

is (obsolete|transitive) to attend or wait on (a lady).



Alternative forms

* gallaunt (obsolete)

Etymology 1

From (etyl) .


(en adjective)
  • Brave, valiant.
  • * (William Shakespeare) (1564-1616)
  • That gallant spirit hath aspired the clouds.
  • Honorable.
  • *
  • Captain Edward Carlisle; he could not tell what this prisoner might do. He cursed the fate which had assigned such a duty, cursed especially that fate which forced a gallant soldier to meet so superb a woman as this under handicap so hard.
  • Grand, noble.
  • (lb) Showy; splendid; magnificent; gay; well-dressed.
  • * (John Evelyn) (1620-1706)
  • The town is built in a very gallant place.
  • * (William Shakespeare) (1564-1616)
  • our royal, good and gallant ship

    Etymology 2

    From (etyl)


    (en adjective)
  • Polite and attentive to ladies; courteous to women; chivalrous.
  • Noun

    (en noun)
  • (dated) Fashionable young man, who is polite and attentive to women.
  • * 1610 , , act 1 scene 2
  • PROSPERO: [...] this gallant which thou see'st / Was in the wrack; and but he's something stain'd /with grief,—that beauty's canker,—thou mightst call him / A goodly person [...]
  • One who woos, a lover, a suitor, a seducer.
  • * 1819 , , Otho the Great , Act III, Scene II, verses 140-143
  • The ignominy of that whisper’d tale
    About a midnight gallant , seen to climb
    A window to her chamber neighbour’d near,
    I will from her turn off,
  • An animal or thing of grey colour, such as a horse, badger, or salmon.
  • * Sir Walter Scott
  • Woe worth the chase, woe worth the day, / That costs thy life, my gallant grey .
  • (nautical) topgallant
  • Verb

    (en verb)
  • (obsolete) To attend or wait on (a lady).
  • to gallant ladies to the play
  • (obsolete) To handle with grace or in a modish manner.
  • to gallant a fan


    * English heteronyms ----




  • Energy of mind and body, enthusiasm.
  • *
  • Boldness of enterprise; initiative or aggressiveness, guts; spunk; initiative.
  • * 1936 ("Gumption" was used as one of Scarlett O'Hara's defining personality traits.) "What qualities are in those who fight their way through triumphantly that are lacking in those that go under? I only know that survivors used to call that quality 'gumption.' So I wrote about people who had gumption and people who didn't."
  • Synonyms

    * gumph * chutzpah