Cell vs Field - What's the difference?

cell | field |


As a noun cell

is a single-room dwelling for a hermit or cell can be (us|informal) a cellular phone.

As a verb cell

is to place or enclose in a cell.

As a proper noun field is

.

cell

English

Etymology 1

(etyl) , later reinforced by (etyl) cel, (sele), (etyl) cele.

Noun

(en noun) (wikipedia cell)
  • A single-room dwelling for a hermit.
  • * 1596 , (Edmund Spenser), The Faerie Queene , VI.6:
  • So, taking them apart into his cell , / He to that point fit speaches gan to frame […].
  • A small room in a monastery or nunnery accommodating one person.
  • Gregor Mendel must have spent a good amount of time outside of his cell .
  • Each of the small hexagonal compartments in a honeycomb.
  • * 1858 , (Asa Gray), Introduction to Structural and Systematic Botany , fifth edition, p. 282:
  • Each of the two cells or lobes of the anther is marked with a lateral line or furrow, running from top to bottom.
  • (obsolete) Specifically, any of the supposed compartments of the brain, formerly thought to be the source of specific mental capacities, knowledge, or memories.
  • * 1890 , (Oscar Wilde), The Picture of Dorian Gray , ch.XVI:
  • From cell' to ' cell of his brain crept the one thought; and the wild desire to live, most terrible of all man's appetites, quickened into force each trembling nerve and fibre.
  • A section or compartment of a larger structure.
  • *, II.12:
  • Thou seest but the order and policie of this little Cell .
  • * 1810 , (Walter Scott), Lady of the Lake , II:
  • Not long shall honour'd Douglas dwell, / Like hunted stag, in mountain-cell .
  • A room in a prison for one or more inmates.
  • The combatants spent the night in separate cells .
  • A device which stores electrical]] power; used either singly or together in [[battery, batteries; the basic unit of a battery.
  • This MP3 player runs on 2 AAA cells .
  • (biology) The basic unit of a living organism, consisting of a quantity of protoplasm surrounded by a cell membrane, which is able to synthesize proteins and replicate itself.
  • * 1999 , Paul Brown & Dave King, The Guardian , 15 Feb 1999:
  • An American company has applied to experiment in Britain on Parkinson's disease sufferers by injecting their brains with cells from pigs.
  • * 2011 , Terence Allen & Graham Cowling, The Cell: A Very Short Introduction , Oxford 2011, p. 3:
  • In multicellular organisms, groups of cells form tissues and tissues come together to form organs.
  • (meteorology) A small thunderstorm, caused by convection, that forms ahead of a storm front.
  • There is a powerful storm cell headed our way.
  • (computing) The minimal unit of a cellular automaton that can change state and has an associated behavior.
  • The upper right cell always starts with the color green.
  • (card games) In FreeCell-type games, a space where one card can be placed.
  • A small group of people forming part of a larger organization, often an outlawed one.
  • Those three fellows are the local cell of that organization.
  • (communication) A short, fixed-length packet as in .
  • Virtual Channel number 5 received 170 cells .
  • (communication) A region of radio reception that is a part of a larger radio network.
  • I get good reception in my home because it is near a cell tower.
  • (geometry) A three-dimensional facet of a polytope.
  • (statistics) The unit in a statistical array (a spreadsheet, for example) where a row and a column intersect.
  • (architecture) The space between the ribs of a vaulted roof.
  • (architecture) A cella.
  • (entomology) An area of an insect wing bounded by veins
  • Usage notes
    In the sense of an electrical device, "cell" is the technically correct name for a single unit of battery-type power storage, whereas a battery is a device comprising multiple of them, though it is often used for simple cells.
    Synonyms
    * See also
    Derived terms
    (terms derived from "cell") * battery cell * blood cell * brain cell * cancer cell * cellbound * cell division * cell house * cell line * cell membrane * cell theory * cell type * cellblock * cellmate * dry cell * fat cell * fuel cell * germ cell * helper T cell * host cell * photoconductive cell * photoelectric cell * photoemissive cell * photovoltaic cell * prison cell * nerve cell * red cell * red blood cell * sickle cell * skin cell * solar cell * stem cell * T cell

    Verb

    (en verb)
  • To place or enclose in a cell.
  • * Warner
  • Celled under ground.
    (Webster 1913)

    Etymology 2

    From (cell phone), from (cellular phone), from (cellular) + (telephone)

    Noun

    (en noun)
  • (US, informal) A cellular phone.
  • Usage notes
    * Widely used attributively.

    field

    English

    Noun

    (en noun)
  • A land area free of woodland, cities, and towns; open country.
  • A wide, open space that is usually used to grow crops or to hold farm animals.
  • * (Lord Byron) (1788-1824)
  • fields which promise corn and wine
  • *{{quote-book, year=1927, author= F. E. Penny
  • , chapter=5, title= Pulling the Strings , passage=Anstruther laughed good-naturedly. “[…] I shall take out half a dozen intelligent maistries from our Press and get them to give our villagers instruction when they begin work and when they are in the fields .”}}
  • The open country near or belonging to a town or city—usually used in plural.
  • *
  • , title=(The Celebrity), chapter=8 , passage=I corralled the judge, and we started off across the fields , in no very mild state of fear of that gentleman's wife, whose vigilance was seldom relaxed. And thus we came by a circuitous route to Mohair, the judge occupied by his own guilty thoughts, and I by others not less disturbing.}}
  • A physical phenomenon, such as force, potential, or fluid velocity, that pervades a region.
  • (senseid)A course of study or domain of knowledge or practice.
  • * {{quote-magazine, date=2013-05-10, author=Audrey Garric
  • , volume=188, issue=22, page=30, magazine=(The Guardian Weekly) , title= Urban canopies let nature bloom , passage=As towns continue to grow, replanting vegetation has become a form of urban utopia and green roofs are spreading fast. Last year 1m square metres of plant-covered roofing was built in France, as much as in the US, and 10 times more than in Germany, the pioneer in this field .}}
  • An area that can be seen at a given time.
  • (senseid)A place where a battle is fought; a battlefield.
  • * (William Shakespeare) (1564-1616)
  • this glorious and well-foughten field
  • * (John Milton) (1608-1674)
  • What though the field be lost?
  • An area reserved for playing a game.
  • A realm of practical, direct, or natural operation, contrasting with an office, classroom, or laboratory.
  • (senseid)(label) A commutative ring with identity for which every non element has a multiplicative inverse.
  • (label) A region containing a particular mineral.
  • (label) The background of the shield.
  • (label) An area of memory or storage reserved for a particular value.
  • A component of a database record in which a single unit of information is stored.
  • A physical or virtual location for the input of information in the form of characters.
  • The team in a match that throws the ball and tries to catch it when it is hit by the other team (the bat).
  • (label) The outfield.
  • An unrestricted or favourable opportunity for action, operation, or achievement.
  • * (1800-1859)
  • afforded a clear field for moral experiments
  • All of the competitors in any outdoor contest or trial, or all except the favourites in the betting.
  • Synonyms

    * (course of study or domain of knowledge) area, domain, sphere, realm * (area reserved for playing a game) course (for golf), court (for racquet sports), ground, pitch

    Hypernyms

    * (algebra) Euclidean domain ⊂ principal ideal domain ⊂ unique factorization domain, Noetherian domain ⊂ integral domain ⊂ commutative ring

    Hyponyms

    * (algebra) ordered field, Pythagorean field

    Derived terms

    * center field * fieldwork * field marshal * field theory * finite field * field seam * infield * left field * number field * outfield * play the field * quadratic field * right field * scalar field * semantic field * splitting field * vector field

    Usage notes

    In the mathematical sense, some languages, such as French, use a term that literally means "body". This denotes a division ring or skew field, not necessarily commutative. If it is clear from context that the quaternions and similar division rings are irrelevant, or that all division rings being considered are finite and therefore fields, this difference is ignored.

    Verb

    (en verb)
  • (sports) To intercept or catch (a ball) and play it.
  • (baseball, softball, cricket, and other batting sports) To be the team catching and throwing the ball, as opposed to hitting it.
  • The blue team are fielding first, while the reds are batting.
  • (sports) To place a team in (a game).
  • * {{quote-news
  • , year=2012 , date=August 23 , author=Alasdair Lamont , title=Hearts 0-1 Liverpool , work=BBC Sport citation , page= , passage=On balance, it was harsh on Hearts, who had given as good as they got against their more-fancied opponents, who, despite not being at full strength, fielded a multi-million pound team.}}
    The away team field ed two new players and the second-choice goalkeeper.
  • To answer; to address.
  • She will field questions immediately after her presentation.
  • To defeat.
  • Synonyms

    * * * address, answer, deal with, respond to

    Antonyms

    * (be the team throwing and catching the ball) bat

    See also

    Statistics

    *

    Anagrams

    * * *

    References

    * [http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=field&searchmode=none] - Etymology of "field"