Concrete vs Excoriate - What's the difference?

concrete | excoriate |

As an adjective concrete

is .

As a verb excoriate is

to wear off the skin of; to chafe or flay.




(en adjective)
  • Particular, perceivable, real.
  • Fuzzy videotapes and distorted sound recordings are not concrete evidence that bigfoot exists.
  • * {{quote-news
  • , year=2011 , date=December 16 , author=Denis Campbell , title=Hospital staff 'lack skills to cope with dementia patients' , work=Guardian citation , page= , passage=Professor Peter Crome, chair of the audit's steering group, said the report "provides further concrete evidence that the care of patients with dementia in hospital is in need of a radical shake-up". While a few hospitals had risen to the challenge of improving patients' experiences, many have not, he said. The report recommends that all staff receive basic dementia awareness training, and staffing levels should be maintained to help such patients.}}
  • Not abstract.
  • Once arrested, I realized that handcuffs are concrete , even if my concept of what is legal wasn’t.
  • * John Stuart Mill
  • The names of individuals are concrete , those of classes abstract.
  • * I. Watts
  • Concrete terms, while they express the quality, do also express, or imply, or refer to, some subject to which it belongs.
  • United in growth; hence, formed by coalition of separate particles into one mass; united in a solid form.
  • * Bishop Burnet
  • The first concrete state, or consistent surface, of the chaos must be of the same figure as the last liquid state.
  • Made of concrete building material.
  • The office building had concrete flower boxes out front.


    * (perceivable) tangible * (not abstract) tangible


    * (perceivable) intangible * (not abstract) intangible, abstract


    (wikipedia concrete) (-)
  • A building material created by mixing cement, water, and aggregate including gravel and sand.
  • The road was made of concrete that had been poured in large slabs.
  • A solid mass formed by the coalescence of separate particles.
  • * 1661 , , p. 26:
  • "...upon the suppos’d (term) made by the fire, of the former sort of Concretes , there are wont to emerge Bodies resembling those which they take for the Elements...
  • (US) A dessert of frozen custard with various toppings.
  • * 2010 , June Naylor, Judy Wiley, Insiders' Guide to Dallas and Fort Worth (page 54)
  • Besides cones, Curley's serves sundaes, and concretes —custard with all sorts of yummy goodness blended in, like pecans, caramel, almonds,
  • * John Lutz, Diamond Eyes (page 170)
  • When Nudger and Claudia were finished eating they drove to the Ted Drewes frozen custard stand on Chippewa and stood in line for a couple of chocolate chip concretes .
  • (logic) A term designating both a quality and the subject in which it exists; a concrete term.
  • * John Stuart Mill
  • The concretes "father" and "son" have, or might have, the abstracts "paternity" and "filiety".
  • Sugar boiled down from cane juice to a solid mass.
  • Derived terms

    * -crete * reinforced concrete * shotcrete

    See also

    * cement * mortar * UHPC


  • To cover with or encase in concrete; often constructed as concrete over .
  • I hate grass, so I concreted over my lawn.
  • To solidify.
  • Josie’s plans began concreting once she fixed a date for the wedding.
  • To unite or coalesce, as separate particles, into a mass or solid body.
  • * Arbuthnot
  • The blood of some who died of the plague could not be made to concrete .

    Derived terms

    * concrete jungle * concretion * concretize/concretise * concrete canyon ----




  • To wear off the skin of; to chafe or flay.
  • To strongly denounce or censure.
  • * 2004 , , Iron Council , 2005 Trade paperback ed., ISBN 0-345-45842-7. p. 464:
  • Madeleina di Farja had described Ori, and Cutter had envisaged an angry, frantic, pugnacious boy eager to fight, excoriating his comrades for supposed quiescence.
  • * 2006 , Patrick Healy " Spitzer and Clinton Win in N.Y. Primary," New York Times , 13 Sep. (retrieved 7 Oct. 2008):
  • Mr. Green, a former city public advocate and candidate for mayor in 2001, ran ads excoriating Mr. Cuomo’s ethics.


    * (to wear off the skin of) abrade, chafe, flay * (to strongly denounce or censure) condemn, disparage, reprobate, tear a strip off

    Derived terms

    * excoriator * excoriation


    * ----