Perennial vs Evergreen - What's the difference?

perennial | evergreen |


As adjectives the difference between perennial and evergreen

is that perennial is lasting or remaining active throughout the year, or all the time while evergreen is of plants, especially trees, that do not shed their leaves seasonally.

As nouns the difference between perennial and evergreen

is that perennial is a perennial plant; a plant that is active throughout the year or survives for more than two growing seasons compare (annual), (biennial) while evergreen is a tree or shrub that does not shed its leaves or needles seasonally.

As a verb evergreen is

(patents|pharmaceuticals) to extend the term of a patent beyond the normal legal limit, usually through repeated small modifications.

perennial

English

Adjective

(-)
  • Lasting or remaining active throughout the year, or all the time.
  • a perennial stream
  • (botany, of a plant) Having a life cycle of more than two years. Compare (annual), (biennial).
  • (figuratively) Continuing without cessation or intermission; perpetual; permanent; unceasing; never failing.
  • * 1790 ,
  • The perennial existence of bodies corporate and their fortunes are things particularly suited to a man who has long views…
  • (figuratively) Enduring; lasting; timeless.
  • His artwork has a perennial beauty.
  • (figuratively) Recurrent; appearing or recurring again and again.
  • Change is a perennial theme in politics.

    Derived terms

    * perennially

    Noun

    (Perennial plant) (en noun)
  • A perennial plant; a plant that is active throughout the year or survives for more than two growing seasons. Compare (annual), (biennial).
  • evergreen

    English

    Adjective

    (-) (wikipedia evergreen)
  • Of plants, especially trees, that do not shed their leaves seasonally.
  • * 1902: Henry Van Dyke, The Blue Flower [http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/etcbin/ot2www-pubeng?specfile=/texts/english/modeng/publicsearch/modengpub.o2w&act=text&offset=287397704&textreg=2&query=+evergreen&id=DykBlue]
  • ...these three little creeping vines put forth their hands with joy, and spread over rock and hillock and twisted tree-root and mouldering log, in cloaks and scarves and wreaths of tiny evergreen , glossy leaves.
  • Continually fresh or self-renewing; often used metaphorically.
  • Of a document or dataset, continually up-to-date (as opposed to being published at regular intervals and being slightly outdated in-between those publication dates)
  • (broadcasting) Suitable for transmission at any time; not urgent or time-dependent.
  • * 2001 , Christopher H Sterling, John M Kittross, Stay Tuned (Lawrence Erlbaum Associates 2001, p. 654)
  • Another change in the news was emphasis on “evergreen ” features involving attractive children or animals, parades or fireworks, as well as local developments.

    Antonyms

    * deciduous

    Derived terms

    * evergreenness * evergreen oak * half-evergreen * semi-evergreen, semievergreen

    Noun

    (en noun)
  • A tree or shrub that does not shed its leaves or needles seasonally.
  • (informal) More specifically, a conifer tree.
  • * 1858: Henry David Thoreau, The Maine Woods [http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/etcbin/ot2www-pubeng?specfile=/texts/english/modeng/publicsearch/modengpub.o2w&act=text&offset=618074587&textreg=1&query=+evergreen&id=ThoMain]
  • The spruce and fir trees crowded to the track on each side to welcome us, the arbor- vitae, with its changing leaves, prompted us to make haste, and the sight of the canoe-birch gave us spirits to do so. Sometimes an evergreen just fallen lay across the track with its rich burden of cones, looking, still, fuller of life than our trees in the most favorable positions.
  • * 1958: Chuck Berry, Johnny B. Goode
  • Deep down in Louisiana, close to New Orleans,
    Way back up in the woods among the evergreens ,
    There stood a log cabin made of earth and wood
    Where lived a country boy named Johnny B. Goode
  • (colloquial) A news story that can be published or broadcast at any time.
  • Derived terms

    * Chinese evergreen

    Verb

    (en verb)
  • (patents, pharmaceuticals) To extend the term of a patent beyond the normal legal limit, usually through repeated small modifications.
  • (banking) To set the repayment rate of a loan at or below the interest rate, so low that the principal will never be repaid.
  • See also

    * (evergreening) ----