Conclave vs Enclave - What's the difference?
As a noun conclave
As a verb enclave is
The set of apartments within which the cardinals of the Roman Catholic Church are continuously secluded while engaged in choosing a pope.
The group of Roman Catholic cardinals locked in a conclave until they elect a new pope; the body of cardinals.
* (Robert South)
A private meeting; a close or secret assembly.
* (Thomas Babington Macaulay)
- It was said a cardinal, by reason of his apparent likelihood to step into St. Peter's chair, that in two conclaves he went in pope and came out again cardinal.
- The verdicts pronounced by this conclave (Johnson's Club) on new books, were speedily known over all London.
* in conclave: engaged in a secret meeting; said of a group of people.
A political, cultural or social entity or part thereof that is completely surrounded by another.
- The republic of San Marino is an enclave of Italy.
A group that is set off from a larger population by its characteristic or behavior.
- The streets around Union Square form a Protestant enclave within an otherwise Catholic neighbourhood.
- ...it tends to make marriage itself a lifestyle enclave.
Enclaves are generally also exclaves, though exceptions exist (as detailed at ), and in common speech only the term enclave is used.
An enclave is an area surrounded'' by another area, while an exclave is an area ''cut off from the main area. An area can be cut off without being surrounded (such as , enclaved in South Africa, but not exclaved).
File:Enclave.svg, C is A's enclave and B's exclave.
File:Exclave.svg, C is an exclave of B, but not an enclave of A.
A pene-enclave (resp., pene-exclave) is an area that is an enclave "for practical purposes", but does not meet the strict definition. This is a very technical term.
* (group set off from a larger population by a characteristic) Habits of the Heart: Individualism and Commitment in American Life - Page 74
by Robert Neelly Bellah, William M. Sullivan, Ann Swidler, Steven M. Tipton, Richard Madsen - 1996
To enclose within a foreign territory.